Fire and rescue services
We haven't changed our level of advice:
Exercise normal safety precautions in The Slovak Republic.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Petty crime happens, especially around:
To protect yourself from crime:
Thefts and break-ins happen, including theft from cars.
Criminals sometimes slash tyres so they can offer to help. After distracting their victim, they then steal items.
To protect yourself from theft:
Bars and restaurants can overcharge travellers. Disputes about the overcharging can then lead to violence.
Always check the price of food and drinks before ordering.
Travellers have been robbed or assaulted after accepting spiked drinks from strangers.
To reduce your risks:
If you suspect someone is posing as a police officer, don't hand over your personal belongings. Offer to go to the nearest police station, or call 112 to check their identity.
Demonstrations and events that draw large groups of people sometimes happen and are generally peaceful. However, they can disrupt traffic and public transport. Demonstrations can turn violent.
To stay safe during periods of unrest:
While there have been no recent terrorist attacks in the Slovak Republic, they can still happen.
Terrorists have staged attacks in European cities in recent years. Targets include:
To protect yourself:
If there's an attack, leave the affected area as soon as it's safe.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
The Slovak Republic experiences severe weather events, such as:
Weather in mountain regions is unpredictable and can change suddenly.
If you're visiting an area recently affected by severe weather:
Don't ski outside prepared skiing areas. This is highly dangerous.
Register with the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System to receive alerts on major disasters.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave. Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in The Slovak Republic. Take enough legal medicine for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:
Tick-borne encephalitis is a risk in forest areas.
Ticks are very common in country areas. They're active from spring to autumn, March to November.
Take measures to avoid tick bites, particularly in rural areas.
During and after visiting a forest:
Measles cases can routinely occur, with the Slovak Republic experiencing an increase in measles activity, mainly in the east of the country. Make sure your vaccinations are up-to-date before you travel.
Medical treatment standards are reasonable. Hospitals and other medical facilities are improving, but vary in quality.
In rural and border regions, facilities can be limited.
Some doctors speak English, but other hospital staff rarely do.
Doctors and public hospitals usually expect you to pay cash up-front.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Don't use or carry illegal drugs.
Penalties for drug offences are severe. Possessing even small amounts of illegal drugs can lead to prison sentences.
Local authorities can ask to see identity documents at any time.
Always carry your passport with you.
It's illegal to drink alcohol in the street in Bratislava Old Town. Doing so can result in a fine.
There may be exceptions for:
It's illegal to take photos of:
Fines for minor driving infringements are heavy.
You need to pay these fines on the spot. If you don't, officials may take your licence.
Penalties for serious driving offences can include prison sentences.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
The Slovak Republic recognises dual nationality.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders.
Make sure you meet all entry and exit conditions. If you don't, the Australian Government can't help you.
The Slovak Republic is a part of the Schengen area. This means you can enter the country without a visa in some situations.
When you first enter the Schengen area, check that the entry stamp in your passport is readable.
Customs officials may ask you for:
If you're staying in private accommodation for more than 30 days, you need to register with the police. Do this within 3 days of arriving.
Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always carry your passport securely.
If your passport is lost or stolen, you must notify the Australian Government as soon as possible.
Slovakia's official currency is the Euro.
Only change money at banks or other authorised dealers. Don't use street money changers.
Declare cash of more than 10,000 euros or equivalent if you're travelling between The Slovak Republic and a non-EU country. This covers all forms of currency, not only cash.
You don't need to declare cash if you're travelling to or from another EU country.
You can drive in The Slovak Republic for up to 90 days with both:
You must get your IDP before departing Australia.
Roads in the Slovak Republic are generally safe.
Driving in poor weather, particularly on rural roads, may be dangerous.
When driving in The Slovak Republic, you must:
The blood alcohol limit for drivers is 0%.
Purchase online an electronic permit (vignette) if you drive on certain highways and motorways.
Check whether your travel insurance policy covers you when using a motorcycle, quad bike or similar vehicle.
Always wear a helmet.
Taxi drivers can overcharge tourists by adding fees or by not using the meter.
Use only clearly marked taxis. Insist that you'll pay only the fare shown on the meter.
The Slovak Republic has a well-developed and reliable public transportation system. This includes trains that run to all major towns.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check The Slovak Republic's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
For non-urgent criminal issues, contact the nearest police station.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
Australia doesn't have an embassy or consulate in The Slovak Republic.
For consular help, contact the Australian Embassy in Austria.
Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
Be the first to know official government advice when travelling.