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Military action is underway in Ukraine. If you’re in Ukraine, shelter in place until it’s safe to depart.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine is ongoing. The security situation continues to be volatile and is deteriorating rapidly. Heavy fighting, including bombardments, explosions and missile launches, is ongoing throughout Ukraine, including in major cities. Infrastructure and military facilities have been struck by rocket attacks. There have been many civilian casualties. Foreigners have been killed and may be targeted, including in areas not directly affected by fighting. Do not travel to Ukraine, there is a real risk to life. If you’re in Ukraine, shelter in place until you judge it’s safe to depart. Continue to monitor advice on Smartraveller and reputable local and international media. Where it is safe to do so, you should leave Ukraine.
Use your judgement to decide the best time and safest means of exit. Expect some congestion on routes, at checkpoints and lengthy queues. Roads may be crowded, exposed to military action or have damage, including to bridges and facilities. Make sure you have an adequate supply of food, water, medication and fuel.
The Australian Government will not be able to evacuate you from Ukraine.
Be aware that some borders may close without notice. Information may change and will be updated as details become available. You should also read the travel advice of the destination you’re travelling to - entry requirements may differ when entering by road, rail or air. Before leaving Ukraine, verify if the local authorities of your destination have implemented any restrictions or requirements related to this situation.
Expect some congestion on routes, at checkpoints and lengthy queues. Make sure you have an adequate supply of food, water, medication and fuel. Use your judgement to decide the best time and safest means of exit. Roads may be crowded, exposed to military action or have damage, including to bridges and facilities.
In most cases, Australians departing Ukraine must present a valid Australian passport.
Read our advice about Ukraine border regions.
+61 2 6261 3305 from overseas
1300 555 135 from within Australia
Health advice is continually changing as we learn more about COVID-19 and new variants may be discovered. Rules and restrictions to prevent outbreaks can change quickly. It’s important to regularly check the rules in the destinations you’re travelling to and transiting through, as well as the requirements at the Australian border. These may differ between state and territory jurisdictions.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Full travel advice: Local contacts
On 30 March, a state of emergency was declared in El Salvador. As of 24 April, this has been extended for another 30 days. This is due to the continuing high number of gang-related crimes, including a high number of murders. Follow the advice of local authorities.
Violent crime is widespread in El Salvador, including in the capital San Salvador. Incidents include:
Crime often involves guns and violent street gangs.
El Salvador has one of the highest murder rates in the world. Violent crime increases at night.
Gang-related crime may affect you in El Salvador. Gang members have been known to:
Criminals on motorbikes commit robberies. You may be targeted if you display signs of wealth. Express kidnappings also happen, where criminals force you to withdraw funds from ATMs.
Police and law enforcement can't always respond to the high levels of crime.
To protect yourself from violent crime:
If you're attacked or robbed, don't resist. Armed criminals may injure or kill you.
If you're a victim of violent crime, especially rape, get immediate medical attention. El Salvador has a high HIV/AIDS infection risk.
Petty crime is common, particularly pickpocketing and bag-snatching. You're at risk:
It's dangerous to travel on roads outside San Salvador, especially at night. Criminals target roads and highways, particularly the road to the international airport.
Criminals may follow you from the international airport to assault or rob you.
Violent attacks on vehicles, including buses, between El Salvador and Guatemala are reported. The risk is greater on the Guatemalan side of the border.
Sometimes armed thieves target hikers in remote areas around volcanoes and national parks.
To protect yourself when travelling by road:
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
Don't participate in political activities of any kind. Authorities may detain or deport you.
To protect yourself during periods of unrest:
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Strong rip tides and currents can make beaches dangerous.
There may not be lifeguards. Swimming conditions can become dangerous quickly.
To protect yourself in case of a natural disaster:
To receive alerts on major disasters, register with the:
The hurricane and rainy season is from June to November.
Landslides, mudslides and flooding can happen.
Severe weather may affect:
The direction and strength of hurricanes can change suddenly.
If there's a hurricane or severe storm:
To protect yourself if a hurricane is approaching:
To receive alerts on major disasters, register with the National Hurricane and Central Pacific Hurricane Center
El Salvador has active volcanoes. Before you trek or climb in an area with volcanic activity, ask local authorities for advice.
After a volcanic eruption, ash, dust and toxic fumes are a significant health risk. Take care if you have a respiratory condition.
To protect yourself if a volcano erupts:
El Salvador experiences earthquakes. Tsunamis can also happen.
Get to know the earthquake safety measures for each place you visit.
Register with the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.
If you're near the coast, move immediately to high ground if advised by local authorities, or if you:
Don't wait for official warnings, such as alarms or sirens. Once on high ground, monitor local media.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave.
Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won’t pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition. Consider whether you may be in a vulnerable category for COVID-19.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to take medication, check if it's legal in El Salvador. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:
COVID-19 remains a risk in El Salvador. Follow the advice of local authorities.
For information on El Salvador’s COVID-19 vaccination program, refer to the Ministry of HealthYou should consult your local health professional for advice on vaccine options, including assistance that may be available locally. The Australian Government cannot provide advice on the safety, quality and efficacy of vaccines that have been approved for use outside of Australia's regulatory process.
Chikungunya is widespread in El Salvador.
During the wet season, you're more at risk of insect-borne illnesses, including:
Malaria is a low risk in rural areas, particularly in the northern Santa Ana region.
Zika virus is widespread in El Salvador.
Read the Australian Department of Health's Zika virus bulletin for advice on how to reduce your risk. If you're pregnant, the department recommends that you:
To protect yourself from disease:
Consider taking medicine to prevent malaria.
Get medical advice if you have a fever, muscle pain, rash or severe headache.
HIV/AIDS is a significant risk in El Salvador.
Take steps to protect yourself if you're at risk of infection.
Common waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases include:
Serious outbreaks sometimes occur.
To protect yourself from illness:
If you're bitten or scratched by an animal, get medical help straight away.
Get medical advice if you suspect food poisoning or have a fever or diarrhoea.
Medical facilities are basic across El Salvador.
You may need to pay cash before doctors and hospitals will treat you, even in an emergency.
If you become seriously ill or injured, you'll need to be evacuated to the US. Medical evacuation and treatment in the US can be very expensive.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and include long prison sentences in local jails.
If you injure or kill someone in a road accident, authorities may arrest or detain you for a local trial.
It's illegal to take photographs of official buildings. Check with local authorities before taking photos.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you’re overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, including COVID-19 vaccinations and tests, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
You'll need to purchase a tourist card at the airport. This permits you to visit El Salvador for up to 90 days.
El Salvador is a member country to the Central American Border Control Agreement (CA-4), along with:
With a CA-4 tourist visa, you can travel freely by land between member countries within the 90-day period.
Your tourist card is dated from the first point of entry in any member country.
You can apply to extend the CA-4 visa before it expires at Centro de Gobierno in San Salvador. Call (+503) 2221 2111.
If you overstay the visa without an extension, you may be:
If you're not a tourist or you plan to stay longer, you'll need a visa.
Entry and exit conditions can change. Contact the embassy or consulate of El Salvador for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
You no longer need to provide evidence of a negative Covid-19 test or vaccination certificate to enter El Salvador. You can enter the country without any restrictions and non-residents can access El Salvador’s national vaccination program.
You're requested to comply with good sanitary practices, including the use of face masks in public and enclosed spaces.
If you're remaining in El Salvador:
Make sure your passport is stamped when you enter El Salvador.
You must pay a departure tax to leave El Salvador. Your airline ticket may include the tax.
Some land border crossing points between El Salvador and neighbouring countries close at 6pm.
If you’re travelling through the US, you must also meet US entry or transit requirements.
If you're travelling via Canada, you'll need an eTA (Electronic Travel Authorisation) for Canada.
You'll need a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter El Salvador. Some airlines may want to see one when you leave.
Find out about returning to Australia after exposure to yellow fever.
If you're travelling with children, you may need to show proof of your legal relationship. This could be as a parent, custodian or someone with access rights.
A child travelling on a Salvadoran passport without 1 or both parents must have written consent from the absent parents to leave the country. A Salvadoran notary must sign these documents.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
The official currency is the US Dollar ($US). Exchange for other currencies isn't available.
Credit cards aren't widely accepted outside major centres. ATMs aren't reliable.
Only change money and use ATMs in banks, hotels or shopping malls. See Safety
To drive in El Salvador, you need both:
You must get your IDP before leaving Australia.
Stick to sealed roads and well-travelled paths.
Road safety and driving in El Salvador can be dangerous.
You're 4 times more likely to be killed in a motor vehicle accident in El Salvador than in Australia.
Driving standards can change across the country. Car insurance is essential.
If you're in an accident, call 911 for the national police or the fire brigade. Wait for the authorities to arrive before you leave.
Roads between tourist locations are usually in good or acceptable condition.
Locals sometimes steal manhole covers, leaving large holes in the road.
Roads are unsealed in isolated areas, so a 4WD vehicle is a good choice.
If you plan to drive in El Salvador:
Try not to drive at night. Lock doors, keep windows up and take safety precautions. See Safety
In rural El Salvador, unmarked landmines and unexploded remnants of war are common. This risk increases in the Chalatenango and Morazán districts.
Transport and adventure tour operators may not meet Australian safety standards, or maintain scuba diving equipment.
If you plan to do a tour or adventure activity:
If proper safety equipment isn't available, use another provider.
Check your insurance before using a motorcycle, quad bike or similar vehicle.
Always wear a helmet.
Use registered taxis and limousines.
Arrange transport through your hotel, and book in advance if travelling at night.
Public transport in El Salvador is often overcrowded and poorly maintained. This includes inter-city buses.
Security around bus stops is poor, and robberies are common.
Avoid using public transport.
DFAT doesn’t provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check El Salvador's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
POLITUR, the tourist police, can help you. They regularly patrol main tourist areas.
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
Australia has a consulate in El Salvador, headed by an Honorary Consul. This consulate provides limited consular assistance. The consulate is temporarily closed to the public due to local restrictions. It can still assist with consular services by email or by phone.
The Australian Consulate doesn't issue Australian passports. The Australian Embassy in Mexico City is temporarily closed to the public due to local measures in place. We're still providing consular assistance to those in need by phone and email.
12 Calle Poniente 2028
Colonia Flor Blanca
San Salvador, El Salvador
Phone: (+503) 2298 9447
Ruben Dario 55, (Polanco)
Colonia Bosque de Chapultepec
11580 Mexico CDMX MEXICO
Phone: +52 55 1101 2200
Fax: +52 55 1101 2201
Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
Be the first to know official government advice when travelling.