Fire and rescue services
We haven't changed our level of advice:
Exercise a high degree of caution in North Macedonia.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
Violent protests have occurred in Skopje and other major cities.
Inter-ethnic violence could happen anywhere.
Security in areas bordering Kosovo is volatile. Tensions exist between ethnic Macedonian and ethnic Albanian communities in the region.
To protect yourself during periods of unrest:
While there have been no recent terrorist attacks in North Macedonia, they can still happen.
Terrorist attacks have occurred in several European cities.
Targets have included:
Security services have disrupted planned attacks.
To stay safe from terrorism:
If there's an attack, leave the area as soon as it's safe. Avoid the affected area in case of secondary attacks.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Petty crime, such as pickpocketing and bag snatching, happens in large cities and at airports.
Credit card fraud is common.
To avoid being a victim of crime:
North Macedonia is in an active earthquake zone.
Bush and forest fires may occur during summer, from June to September.
In winter, from October to March, some parts of the country experience very low temperatures. Snow and ice can be a hazard.
The ability of local authorities to clear roads after heavy snowfall varies across the country.
If there's a natural disaster or severe weather:
Register with the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System to receive alerts on major disasters.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave. Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in North Macedonia. Take enough legal medicine for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:
There's a risk of tick-borne encephalitis in forested areas and fields.
Ticks are common in country areas from spring to autumn.
To protect yourself from tick-borne disease:
During and after visiting forested areas:
If you see any ticks, monitor the tick site for signs of infection.
Waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases occur in North Macedonia. These include:
Serious outbreaks sometimes occur.
To protect yourself from illness:
Get medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea.
Medical facilities are limited.
You'll need to pay an up-front deposit for medical services.
If you become seriously ill or injured, you may need to be evacuated to a place with better facilities. Medical evacuation can be very expensive.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences include heavy fines and long prison sentences.
It's illegal to photograph military and police:
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
North Macedonia recognises dual nationality.
If you have Macedonian heritage, you could be considered a national of North Macedonia.
By law, you may need to get a North Macedonia passport after you arrive.
Conscription was abolished in 2006. You may have other service duties.
Check with an Embassy or Consulate of the Republic of North Macedonia before you travel if:
If you have completed military service, carry your discharge documents.
Get more details from:
Same-sex relationships are legal. There may be local sensitivities.
Avoid public displays of affection.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders.
Make sure you meet all entry and exit conditions. If you don't, the Australian Government can't help you.
You can stay for up to 90 days in a 6-month period without a visa.
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. Contact the nearest embassy or consulate for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
You can also get details from the Republic of North Macedonia Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Macedonian).
Border crossings may close at short notice. Delays and disruptions to cross-border transport are possible.
Register your local address within 24 hours of arrival to avoid fines and delays on departure.
Registration is part of check-in at hotels. If you're staying at a private home, register at the nearest police station.
You'll need consent from one or both parents to enter or depart North Macedonia for:
Parents need to sign a written statement.
Get it stamped by:
You must show the statement to North Macedonian border authorities if asked.
Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
The official currency is the Denar (MKD). You can't change it outside North Macedonia.
Declare foreign currency over 10,000 euros or equivalent on arrival. This covers all forms of currency, not only cash. If you don't, you could be detained and your money confiscated.
The economy is mainly cash-based. Major hotels and large shops accept credit cards.
ATMs increasingly accept international bank cards.
Border crossings between North Macedonia and Kosovo may close at short notice.
Restricted zones exist around border crossing points with Kosovo. Check with local authorities or transport providers if you plan to cross there.
Mountain areas bordering Kosovo have landmines and unexploded remnants of war. Stick to roads and well-marked paths.
Seek local advice on how to minimise risks.
To drive in North Macedonia, you'll need both:
Get your IDP before you leave Australia.
Driving without an IDP could void your insurance.
You're more likely to be involved in a motor vehicle accident in North Macedonia than in Australia.
Driving in rural areas can be dangerous due to:
In winter, snow and ice can be a hazard for drivers.
The ability of local authorities to clear roads after heavy snowfall varies throughout the country.
Learn road rules before you drive. In Northern Macedonia the law requires:
The blood alcohol limit for drivers is 0.05%.
Check if your travel insurance policy covers you to hire a car, motorbike or other vehicle.
If riding a motorcycle, always wear a helmet.
Use registered taxis and authorised limousines. Arrange these through your hotel.
Avoid hailing taxis in the street.
Sit in the back seat.
Bus and rail services operate throughout the country.
Take care of your belongings to avoid petty crime.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check North Macedonia's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
Australia has a consulate in Skopje, headed by an Honorary Consul. It provides limited consular assistance and can't issue passports.
Londonska 11 B
Phone: (+389 2) 3061 114
Fax: (+389 2) 3061 834
You can get full consular assistance from the Australian Embassy in Serbia.
Vladimira Popovica 38-40
11070 New Belgrade
Phone: +381 11 330 3400
Fax: +381 11 330 3409
Facebook: Australia in Serbia
Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
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