Advice levelsWhat does this mean?
- Violent crime such as murder, kidnapping, shootings, armed robbery, rape, carjacking and home invasions are common. Take care at all times when travelling by road and using ATMs, especially after dark.
- Bag snatching, pickpocketing and theft from cars is common. Keep valuables out of sight, your car doors locked, and car windows up.
- A terrorist attack could happen at any time. Be alert to possible threats, monitor the media and follow the advice of local authorities.
- Hurricanes and severe weather can cause flooding, landslides and mudslides. This may affect travel or disrupt access to services. Know evacuation plans and the location of your local shelter.
- Earthquakes can occur. Be aware of safety measures for each place you visit.
Full travel advice: Safety
- COVID-19 remains a risk in Trinidad and Tobago.
- HIV/AIDS infection rates are high. Take precautions if you're engaging in high-risk activities.
- Insect-borne diseases including dengue, zika virus, and chikungunya are present. Yellow fever may be present in densely forested areas. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required if you're coming from a country with a risk of yellow fever transmission. If you're pregnant, ask your doctor about the risk of zika virus before you travel. Protect yourself from mosquitos.
- Foodborne, waterborne, parasitic and infectious diseases like hepatitis A are common. Boil drinking water or drink bottled water.
- Medical facilities vary in quality. You may need to pay before doctors treat you.
Full travel advice: Health
- Laws introduced in 2019 decriminalised limited marijuana possession and use under certain conditions. Penalties for drug offences are severe. They can include lengthy prison sentences in local jails, even for a small quantity of illegal drugs. Research the local laws before you travel.
- Serious crimes, including murder and treason, can attract the death penalty.
- Same-sex relationships are illegal. Other illegal activities include public nudity, indecent language, and civilians wearing army or police clothes.
- Wearing or possessing clothing with camouflage print is illegal.
- Carrying ammunition when you enter, exit or travel around Trinidad and Tobago is illegal. This includes bullets, bullet casings and spent ammunition. Be careful what you buy. Items such as jewellery and key rings may contain these materials.
Full travel advice: Local laws
- You no longer need to present a negative COVID-19 test to enter Trinidad and Tobago. Monitor the Ministry of Health website for information on COVID-19-related travel rules.
- Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. You should contact the nearest high commission, embassy or consulate of Trinidad and Tobago for the latest details.
- Face masks aren't mandatory in public places. However, they're still mandatory in health care facilities.
- Carry your yellow fever vaccination certificate. You may need to show it to enter.
- You'll need a valid Australian driver's licence and a valid International Driving Permit (IDP) to drive. Get your IDP before you leave Australia. Avoid driving at night or in the early morning.
- Avoid public transport, maxi taxis and shared taxis.
Full travel advice: Travel
- The Consular Services Charter tells you what the Australian Government can and can't do to help when you're overseas.
- The Australian High Commission in the Port of Spain can provide consular help to Australians in Trinidad and Tobago.
- To stay up to date with local information, follow the High Commission’s social media accounts.
Full travel advice: Local contacts
Violent crime is common, including against travellers and expatriates. Incidents include:
Gang and drug-related crime is also common and can affect travellers and expatriates.
Hot spots for violent crime include:
- downtown Port of Spain, especially at night
- the docks
- Sea Lots, Belmont, Laventille, Morvant and Beetham
- Barataria to the east, Cocorite to the west and everything in between
- inside Queens Park Savannah
Attacks, including with firearms, have also occurred at:
- popular tourist sites, including Englishman's and King Peter's bays, Fort George, La Brea Pitch Lake and waterfalls
- beaches, including Maracas, Las Cuevas and Grafton beaches
- hairdressing salons
- licensed premises
- supermarket car parks
- shopping malls
To protect yourself from crime:
- always be alert to your surroundings
- avoid jogging/walking alone in any area and avoid using headphones
- stay somewhere safe with good security
- only use ATMs in hotels, shopping centres or other controlled areas during the day
- be mindful of who's around you when using ATMs
If you're attacked or robbed, don't resist. Criminals are often armed, and you can be seriously injured or killed.
If you're the victim of a violent crime, especially rape, get urgent medical help. HIV/AIDS is widespread in Trinidad and Tobago.
You're at risk if you ride in a shared route or maxi-taxi. They pick up extra passengers, putting your safety at risk. Private taxis and taxis affiliated with major hotels are safer options.
Robberies, assaults and carjackings targeting travellers are common. Always drive with windows closed and doors locked. If you have car troubles, try to get to a safe location before getting help.
Hot spots include:
- Lady Young Road
- Beetham Highway
To reduce your risk of violent crime:
- arrange transport from the airport in advance
- use hotel vehicles, taxis affiliated with major hotels or private taxis
- don't share taxis or use public transport
- avoid travelling alone, especially at night
Petty crime, including bag snatching, pickpocketing and theft from cars, is common. Take care at all times.
Thefts and robberies rise in the lead-up to Christmas. This trend continues until the end of Carnival, in February or March.
To prevent theft from your vehicle:
- lock doors and close windows, even when moving
- keep valuables out of sight
- park in secure car parks
Scams and fraud
Financial scams are common in Trinidad and Tobago.
A terrorist attack could happen at any time. Religious holidays and large crowds could be targeted.
In 2018, Trinidad and Tobago authorities temporarily detained several people suspected of planning attacks during Carnival.
The Government has a national counter-terrorism strategy and action plan to address violent extremism.
More than 100 Trinidad and Tobago nationals have travelled to Syria and Iraq to fight alongside Daesh (ISIL). If they've returned, people who travel to fight with Daesh will likely pose a security threat.
To protect yourself from terrorism:
- be alert to possible threats, especially in public
- be cautious in locations that are potential terrorist targets
- report suspicious activity or items to the police
- monitor the media for emerging threats
- take official warnings seriously
- follow the advice of local authorities
If there's an attack, leave the affected area immediately as soon as it's safe.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Civil unrest and political tension
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
To protect yourself during periods of unrest:
- monitor the media for planned or possible unrest
- avoid affected areas
- follow advice from local authorities
Climate and natural disasters
In a natural disaster:
- secure your passport in a safe, waterproof location
- closely monitor local media or the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System
- follow the advice of local officials
- keep in contact with friends and family
- seek local advice before entering affected areas
If you're travelling during hurricane season or after a natural disaster:
- monitor weather reports
- contact your tour operator to check that services at your destination are still operating
- contact your airline for flight updates
Hurricanes and severe weather
The Caribbean hurricane season is from June to November. Tropical storms and hurricanes can occur in other months.
The direction and strength of hurricanes can change suddenly.
While hurricanes directly affecting Trinidad and Tobago are rare, severe storms and flooding are common. Landslides, mudslides and disruptions to essential services may occur.
If you're travelling during hurricane season, check if severe weather has affected tourist services.
If there's a hurricane or severe storm:
- you may get stuck in the area
- flights could be delayed or suspended
- available flights may fill quickly
- adequate shelter may not be available
Severe weather may also affect:
- access to ports
- road travel
- essential services, such as water, electricity and communication systems
To protect yourself if a hurricane is approaching:
- know your hotel or cruise ship evacuation plans
- identify your local shelter
- monitor local media and alerts from the US National Hurricane Center
- follow the advice of local authorities
- US National Hurricane Center
- Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency
- Caribbean hurricane season
Trinidad and Tobago is in an active earthquake zone.
In 2018, Trinidad and Tobago experienced a 6.7 magnitude earthquake. This earthquake damaged buildings and communication networks.
Get to know the earthquake safety measures for each place you stay and visit.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave.
Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won’t pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
- what activities and care your policy covers
- that your insurance covers you for the whole time you’ll be away
Physical and mental health
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition. Consider whether you may be in a vulnerable category for COVID-19.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
- have a basic health check-up
- ask if your travel plans may affect your health
- plan any vaccinations you need
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare, or the welfare of another Australian, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Trinidad and Tobago. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:
- what the medication is
- how much you'll take
- that it's for personal use
COVID-19 remains a risk in Trinidad and Tobago.
For information on Trinidad and Tobago's COVID−19 vaccination program, refer to the Ministry of Health website. You should consult your local health professional for advice on vaccine options, including assistance that may be available locally. The Australian Government cannot provide advice on the safety, quality and efficacy of vaccines that have been approved for use outside of Australia's regulatory process.
Monitor local media and advice from local authorities.
The rate of HIV/AIDS infection is high in Trinidad and Tobago.
Take appropriate precautions if you take part in activities that put you at risk of infection.
Trinidad and Tobago has a risk of zika virus transmission.
The Australian Department of Health's zika virus bulletin includes advice on how to minimise zika virus risks.
If you're pregnant, the Australian Department of Health recommends that you:
- discuss travel plans with your doctor
- consider deferring non-essential travel to affected areas
Other insect-borne illnesses may be present, especially during the rainy season from June to December. These illnesses include:
To protect yourself from disease:
- make sure your accommodation is insect-proof
- use insect repellent
- wear long, loose, light-coloured clothing
Seek medical advice if you have a fever, muscle pain, rash or severe headache.
Other health risks
Foodborne, waterborne, parasitic and other infectious diseases, such as hepatitis A, are common.
Serious outbreaks sometimes occur.
To protect yourself from illness:
- drink boiled water or bottled water with sealed lids
- avoid ice cubes
- avoid raw and undercooked food, such as salads
Seek medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea.
The standard of medical facilities in Trinidad and Tobago varies.
Costs at public hospitals range from free for general problems to expensive for complicated procedures.
Treatment at private hospitals can be expensive. You may have to pay in local currency before doctors treat you.
Tobago has one decompression chamber in Roxborough in the north of the island.
You might be evacuated to Miami or another destination if you're seriously ill or injured. Medical evacuation can be very expensive.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Laws introduced in 2019 decriminalised limited marijuana possession and use under certain conditions.
Penalties for drug offences are severe. They can include lengthy prison sentences in local jails, even for a small quantity of illegal drugs.
Research the local laws before you travel.
Serious crimes, including murder and treason, can attract the death penalty.
Same-sex relationships are illegal, but penalties are rarely enforced.
Other illegal activities in Trinidad and Tobago include:
- public nudity in non-designated areas
- indecent language, such as swearing
- wearing army or police camouflage clothing as a civilian
Carrying ammunition when arriving, leaving or travelling through Trinidad and Tobago is also illegal. This includes bullets, bullet casings and spent ammunition.
You can sometimes find ammunition in decorative items, such as jewellery and key rings. If you have these items on you at an airport, police may detain, charge or fine you.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you’re overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Visas and border measures
You don't need a visa if your visit is for tourism for less than 90 days. However, you'll need to pay a visa waiver fee to Immigration Services when you arrive. You can pay in cash in Trinidad and Tobago dollars or US dollars.
If your visit is for other reasons, check whether you need a visa with the Trinidad and Tobago Immigration Division or your nearest high commission, embassy or consulate of Trinidad and Tobago.
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. Contact the high commission, embassy or consulate of Trinidad and Tobago for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
Trinidad and Tobago doesn't have a high commission or consulate in Australia. Its nearest mission is the Embassy of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago in Beijing, China.
Travel via the United States
If you travel to Trinidad and Tobago through the US, you must meet US entry and transit requirements.
Check your visa requirements with a US embassy or consulate before travelling.
You need a yellow fever vaccination certificate for every traveller over 1 year of age if you've come from or transited a country with a risk of yellow fever transmission.
Find out about returning to Australia after exposure to yellow fever.
Entry into Trinidad and Tobago
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice.
Travellers no longer need to present a negative COVID-19 test to enter Trinidad and Tobago. Monitor the Ministry of Health website for information on COVID-19-related travel rules.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Lost or stolen passport
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible.
The official currency is the Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD).
You can exchange foreign currency for TTD at commercial banks and official exchange bureaus.
Most international hotels and tourist facilities accept credit and debit cards.
ATMs are widely available across the country. Criminals target ATMs, so take care when using one.
Ask your bank whether your ATM card will work in Trinidad and Tobago.
Face masks aren't mandatory in public places. However, they're still mandatory in health care facilities.
To drive in Trinidad and Tobago, you need both:
- a valid Australian driver's licence
- a valid International Driving Permit (IDP)
You must get your IDP before leaving Australia.
You're 3 times more likely to be killed in a motor vehicle accident in Trinidad and Tobago than in Australia.
- poorly maintained roads
- local driving practices
- traffic congestion
High-speed accidents, particularly along the Churchill-Roosevelt Highway, often result in deaths.
Conditions on rural and mountain roads are particularly hazardous.
The road from Port of Spain to the popular Maracas beach area is dangerous. Road users often drive dangerously. The road is also:
- narrow and windy
- poorly maintained
- subject to landslides
Fatal accidents have been caused by erratic driving to and from Piarco International Airport.
Security risks along several routes increase, especially at night. See Safety
It's against the law to use mobile phones while driving, except in 'hands-free' or Bluetooth mode.
Police conduct random breath tests. They can also stop traffic if they suspect a person is driving under the influence of alcohol.
If you plan to drive:
- check you have adequate insurance
- carry vehicle insurance papers
- check local traffic laws and practices
- don't drive at night unless on major highways
Check whether your travel insurance policy covers you when using a motorbike, quad bike or similar vehicle.
Always wear a helmet.
Private taxis are the safest taxi option. They're available at airports and hotels.
Some vehicles have 'P' (private) registration plates. These vehicles illegally offer informal taxi services.
Use the Airport Taxi Drivers' Cooperative services at the airport.
Crimes including rape, assault, robbery and theft have taken place in private cars and maxi taxis. See Safety
Avoid public transport due to safety concerns. See Safety
Cruise vessels stop in Trinidad and Tobago.
An inter-island ferry operates between Trinidad and Tobago. Cancellations can happen with little or no notice. Check the status of your travel with the Port Authority.
A water taxi operates between Port of Spain and San Fernando.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Trinidad and Tobago's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
- friends and family
- travel agent
- insurance provider
Fire and rescue services
Call 811 or 990.
Call 634 4440.
Call 623 6793.
Always get a police report when reporting a crime.
Your travel insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
For consular assistance, contact the Australian High Commission in Port of Spain.
Australian High Commission, Port of Spain
18 Herbert Street, St Clair
Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Phone: +1 868 822 5450
Fax: +1 868 822 5490
Check the High Commission website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
24-hour Consular Emergency Centre
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
- +61 2 6261 3305 from overseas
- 1300 555 135 in Australia