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Exercise normal safety precautions in Poland.
Exercise normal safety precautions in Poland.
Health advice due to COVID-19 is continually changing. Rules and restrictions to prevent outbreaks can change quickly. It’s important to regularly check the rules in the destinations you’re travelling to and transiting through.
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The Russian invasion of Ukraine is ongoing. Heavy fighting is occurring in parts of eastern and southern Ukraine. Missile strikes and attacks are ongoing in some locations across the country, including in major cities. The security situation continues to be volatile. Exercise caution while travelling in the regions bordering Ukraine.
Do not travel from Poland to Ukraine. There's a risk to life.
Australian citizens can enter Poland from Ukraine by road. Polish authorities recommend using the Korczowa crossing near Rzeszów. Medyka is the recommended border crossing if you're on foot or on public transport. Vehicles are subject to ownership / registration checks. Plan for delays at land border crossings. Expect disruption to travel and changes at short notice. Make sure you have an adequate supply of food, water, medication and fuel. Use your judgement to decide the best time and safest means of exit.
If you’re at the border and need consular assistance, you can contact the Australian Embassy in Warsaw on: (+48 22) 521 3444.
When crossing the border into Poland you must have a valid Australian passport. You’ll be subject to a passport and security check.
See the Ukraine travel advice.
Violent crime is rare in Poland, but petty crime is common.
Muggings, carjackings and theft from vehicles happen in large cities, including Warsaw.
Take care in the tourist areas of large cities. Pickpocketing is common. Thieves often work in small groups.
Watch your belongings:
Regularly check your bank card statement. Report any suspicious items to your bank.
Thieves target central railway stations at:
Thieves can target passengers on:
Ask the price of drinks before you order in bars and nightclubs, particularly those that lure you in with special deals. Check the bill amount and currency carefully.
Be careful of drink spiking and theft. To stay safe:
There's an increasing number of reports where travellers are being scammed with drink spiking and credit card overcharging in venues frequented by tourists, particularly those that entice you in with special deals. People have been lured in and overcharged for drinks on credit cards while under the influence.
If you're a victim, report the incident to police, and contact your bank immediately.
There have been reports of violence on LGBTI people. Avoid public displays of affection to avoid any possible confrontation or discrimination.
Avoid public demonstrations as they may turn violent.
Public protests and events can draw large groups of people. Avoid protests and large public gatherings as they may turn violent. Monitor local media and follow instructions of local authorities.
While there have been no recent terrorist attacks in Poland, they can still happen.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide. Terrorists have attacked some European cities.
Poland can experience very low winter temperatures. Snow and ice can be dangers.
In the cities, roads are quickly cleared of snow, but black ice is hazardous.
Snow can block highways and roads in rural areas for extended periods.
Heavy snowfalls can disrupt train travel.
Severe flooding can occur in Poland, particularly in spring. If there's flooding or severe weather:
Register with the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System to receive alerts on major disasters.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave.
Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many thousands of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition. Consider whether you may be in a vulnerable category for COVID-19.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least eight weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare, or the welfare of another Australian, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location.
Not all medications available over the counter or by prescription in Australia are available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Poland. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
COVID-19 remains a risk in Poland. If you have symptoms of respiratory illness or a fever, seek medical advice from the National Health Fund 24 hour info line: (+48) 800 190 590 and press 6 for English. If it is an emergency, call 112.
For information on Poland's COVID−19 vaccination program, refer to the Ministry of Health Website (Polish). You should consult your local health professional for advice on vaccine options, including assistance that may be available locally. The Australian Government cannot provide advice on the safety, quality and efficacy of vaccines that have been approved for use outside of Australia's regulatory process.
Tick-borne encephalitis is a risk in forested areas.
Ticks are common in country areas. They're active from spring to autumn.
Regularly check your body for ticks during and after visits to forest areas.
If a tick bites you:
Measles cases can routinely occur in Poland, with the country currently experiencing an increase in measles activity. Make sure your vaccinations are up-to-date before you travel.
Air pollution levels can be very high.
Get medical advice if you have a pre-existing heart or lung condition.
H1NI (swine flu) (World Health Organization) has been reported. Get the annual seasonal flu shot to lower your risk.
Public hospitals are reasonable in large cities. Services are limited in rural and border regions.
Most doctors and hospitals will need payment up-front or evidence of medical insurance before treating you, even in an emergency. If you're a dual citizen, don't presume you're covered for medical costs. Check with the Polish Social Insurance (ZUS).
If you're seriously ill or injured, you'll need medical evacuation to a place with better facilities. Medical evacuation can be very expensive.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences are severe. They include mandatory prison sentences.
There are strict alcohol laws in Poland. They are stricter than in Australia.
There's zero tolerance for drink driving. The blood alcohol limit is 0.02%.
If you drink and drive, you face up to two years in jail. Drink drivers involved in accidents face up to eight years in jail.
It's illegal to be drunk in public. You may be arrested or taken to a facility to sober up. Expect to pay for the cost of your stay.
Drinking alcohol in public places is illegal. This includes parks and picnic areas.
The Australian Embassy can't provide:
It's illegal to take photos of some buildings.
Look for signs on buildings that forbid photos. If you're not sure, check with local authorities.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, including COVID-19 vaccinations and tests, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
Poland is a part of the Schengen area, this means you can enter Poland without a visa in some cases.
In other situations, such as for working, studying or staying long term, you'll need a visa.
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. Contact the nearest embassy or consulate of Poland for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
Check latest entry requirements to Poland with the nearest Polish Embassy/Consulate or check the Republic of Poland Coronavirus website under ‘Entering & leaving Poland’.
Due to COVID-19 restrictions you can’t enter Poland via the land borders from Belarus and Russia (Kaliningrad).
If you're staying in private accommodation, you must register with the local registration office.
You'll need proof of registration if you apply for a visa extension.
Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for six months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than six months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
The currency of Poland is the Zloty (PLN).
You can easily change all major currencies.
If you're travelling between Poland and any non-EU country, declare currency amounts equivalent to 10,000 euros or more. This covers all forms of currency, not only cash.
If you don't declare currency or give incorrect information, you'll be fined.
You should check with local authorities in the countries you are leaving, entering or passing through whether you must declare higher amounts of currency.
Carry your passport when crossing borders, even within the Schengen area. Be prepared to show your passport to authorities at any time, so ensure it is accessible.
If you're travelling by road or train, allow extra time for any disruptions or delays.
Do not cross into Belarus or Russia from Poland.
Due to COVID-19 restrictions, you can’t enter Poland via the land borders from Belarus or Russia (Kaliningrad).
Do not travel from Poland to Ukraine.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine is ongoing. Heavy fighting is occurring in parts of eastern and southern Ukraine. Missile strikes and attacks are ongoing in some locations across the country, including in major cities. Exercise caution while travelling in the regions bordering Ukraine. The security situation continues to be volatile. There's a risk to life.
If despite our advice you travel by road to Poland, you may face additional security measures when crossing from Ukraine into Poland. See 'Safety - Border with Ukraine' and the Ukraine travel advice for more information.
You can drive in Poland for six months if you have both:
Get your IDP before you leave Australia.
If you want to drive for longer than six months, you must get a Polish licence. Ensure your driver's licence is in date.
There is a high rate of motor vehicle accidents in Poland.
Drink driving is a major cause of road accidents. Stay below the legal blood alcohol limit of 0.02%.
Hazards for drivers and pedestrians include:
Many highways are not dual-carriageway or are under construction. Overtaking lanes are rare.
Severe weather in winter can make driving more dangerous. Some roads are closed in winter.
If you drive in winter in mountain or rural areas:
By law, you must always have your headlights on when driving.
Children shorter than 150cm must use a safety seat. Check with your car rental company or the police.
Poland's road rules are different from Australia. Know the rules to avoid fines and insurance issues.
Check the vehicle rental company rules before hiring a car or motorbike. You must meet both Polish and Australian vehicle operating and licence laws (eg. hold the appropriate licence for the vehicle you drive).
Only use official taxis. They have the name and number of the taxi company on the door and on top of the taxi, next to the light.
Taxis with a crest but no company name are not official taxis.
Unofficial taxis often overcharge passengers.
Pre-book taxis using a reputable taxi company or an English-speaking app, such as Free Now.
You can also ask staff at hotels, hostels or tourist areas to book you an official taxi.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Poland's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
If you need consular assistance, contact the Australian Embassy in Warsaw.
Rondo ONZ 1
00-124 Warsaw, Poland
Phone: (+48 22) 521 3444
Fax: (+48 22) 627 3500
Facebook: Australia in Poland, Czech Republic and Lithuania
Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
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