Fire and rescue services
Call 112 or go to the hospital.
Call 112 or contact the local police.
We haven't changed our level of advice:
Exercise a high degree of caution in Tanzania.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Attacks have happened at places of worship. Further attacks are possible.
In 2017, gunmen killed a number of police and political figures in the Pwani region in a series of small scale attacks.
Reconsider visiting places known to be terrorist targets. These include areas foreigners visit, including:
To avoid terrorism:
Attacks can be random and happen at any time.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Be alert in public places. Avoid locations without an obvious security presence.
Avoid large gatherings or demonstrations. Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
Monitor the media and other sources for safety information.
Violent armed robbery, petty theft and threats of violence are common in Tanzania, especially in Dar es Salaam.
Sexual assaults of travellers happen. HIV/AIDS is widespread in Tanzania. If you're a victim of rape or violent crime, seek immediate medical attention.
Criminals in Dar es Salaam are becoming bolder and crime is more common. There are regular reports of crime along the Toure Drive on the Msasani Peninsula, especially bag snatching from moving vehicles.
Serious injury and death after resisting bag snatching is on the rise. Victims have been dragged behind vehicles. Don't try to stop bag snatch attempts.
Take extra care in and around Arusha in northern Tanzania. Armed robberies, carjackings and home invasions have happened.
Don't accept food or drink from strangers — it may be spiked.
To protect yourself from violent crime:
Thieves target travellers in isolated and coastal areas.
'Express kidnapping' occurs. Kidnappers abduct people and force them to withdraw funds from ATMs before releasing them. This can happen after being befriended by strangers or while using unlicensed taxis. Only use registered taxis.
If you're stopped by police, ask to see their ID, especially before paying fines.
There's a breakdown of law and order around the provinces of Kigoma and Kagera. There are bandits in this area. They are also near borders with Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The US Embassy and the United Nations recommend that you use police escorts on parts of the Rusomo to Kahama Road near the border with Rwanda. There's a threat of armed attacks.
Armed bandits have been reported around Mount Kilimanjaro, the Serengeti and Arusha National Parks. Pay attention to your personal security when visiting national parks, game parks and reserves.
Transport and tour operators don't always follow safety and maintenance standards. This includes adventure activities, such as diving.
If you plan to do an adventure activity:
If proper safety equipment isn't available, use another provider.
Follow local wildlife laws. Keep a safe and legal distance when looking at animals. This includes marine animals and birds.
Only use trusted and professional guides or tour operators.
Follow park rules and the advice of wardens.
Don't swim in lakes and rivers. You could be attacked by wildlife. There's also a risk of catching waterborne diseases.
If a natural disaster happens, follow the advice of local authorities.
Register for updates from the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.
The rainy seasons in Tanzania are from March to May and November to December.
Floods may close roads.
Monsoons occur in coastal areas and on islands, between June and October.
Tanzania lies on a fault line so earthquakes are possible.
All oceanic regions can experience tsunamis. In the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the risk is higher. There are many large earthquakes along major tectonic plate boundaries and ocean trenches in this region.
Cyclones can happen along coastal areas. The direction and strength of cyclones can change with little warning.
If there's a cyclone or severe storm:
Severe weather may also affect:
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave. Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Tanzania. Take enough legal medicine for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:
There are limited medical facilities and medications are often not available, even in major cities.
If you have an accident or become ill, you may need to be evacuated by air to Kenya or another country. Medical evacuation can be very expensive.
Malaria is found throughout the year, except in areas above 1800 metres. Chloroquine-resistant strains of malaria have been reported.
Other insect-borne diseases occur. These include:
The tsetse fly carries sleeping sickness. This is common to the northern safari area of Tanzania.
To protect yourself from disease:
Get medical advice if you have a fever, muscle pain, rash or severe headache.
HIV/AIDS is widespread. Take steps to reduce your risk of exposure to the virus.
Waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases are common. Serious outbreaks happen. These include:
To protect yourself from illness:
If you're bitten or scratched by an animal, get medical help straight away.
Get medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea.
If you plan to climb Mt Kilimanjaro (5895m) make sure you're physically fit and in good health. Be aware of altitude sickness.
If you rapidly climb to altitudes greater than 2500m, you can get altitude sickness. This can be life-threatening and affect anyone, even if you're physically fit.
People who are more at risk of altitude sickness are those who:
If you're planning to visit high altitudes areas, check with your doctor before you go.
Make sure your insurance policy covers you.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
It's illegal to possess pornographic material.
Same-sex activity is illegal. Authorities can jail you for up to 30 years. Authorities might subject you to an invasive examination.
In June 2017, the Tanzanian Government announced a crackdown on LGBTI rights advocates in Tanzania. They were threatened with arrest.
In September 2017, authorities arrested 20 people in Zanzibar while they were getting training about HIV/AIDS prevention.
The Regional Commissioner of Dar es-Salaarm has formed a surveillance team to identify suspected LGBTI people.
There are regular cases of harassment and arrests by authorities, and intimidation by members of the public.
Penalties for drug offences are severe. They can include long jail terms.
It's illegal to photograph military zones, weapons or personnel.
Serious crimes, such as treason and murder, carry the death penalty.
There's corporal punishment for some crimes. This includes rape or robbery with violence.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Dress and behaviour standards are conservative in Tanzania, especially in Zanzibar. Take care not to offend.
if you're a woman, don't wear shorts or sleeveless tops outside tourist resorts.
Avoid public displays of affection
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders.
Make sure you meet all entry and exit conditions. If you don't, the Australian Government can't help you.
Tanzania is introducing an online visa application form. You need a visa to enter Tanzania.
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. Contact an embassy or consulate of Tanzania for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules and the online visa application form.
Tanzania is very strict with enforcing visa rules.
Proof of yellow fever vaccination may be required for entry to Tanzania if arriving from or transiting through a yellow fever risk country. Some airlines may want to see one when you leave.
Find out about returning to Australia after exposure to yellow fever.
Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
There is a ban on single-use plastic bags, including in travellers luggage.
The Tanzanian currency is the Tanzanian Shiling(TZS).
Credit card fraud happens in Tanzania
Be careful when using credit cards. Always keep your credit card in sight during transactions.
Don't use ATMs on the street. Use ATMs in banks, shops, hotels and shopping centres.
Driving can be hazardous, especially at night.
Most roads and vehicles are in poor condition.
High speeds, poor driving and bad lighting are all road risks.
Accidents are common and deaths happen.
You're 6 times more likely to be killed in a car accident in Tanzania than in Australia.
Use only well-maintained public transport and taxis. This includes long-distance buses.
Ferries can be overloaded or unseaworthy. There have been 2 major incidents in recent years with many deaths.
Don't board any vessel that's overloaded or in bad condition.
Piracy happens off the coast of Tanzania.
Somali pirates use mother ships to attack shipping vessels up to 1000 nautical miles (1852km) from the coast of Somalia.
All ships, cruise liners and commercial vessels are targets for Somali pirates. Many attacks and kidnappings have happened off the Tanzanian coast.
Be alert and exercise extreme caution anywhere in coastal waters. Don't leave sight of the coastline.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Tanzania's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Call 112 or go to the hospital.
Call 112 or contact the local police.
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
Australia doesn't have an embassy or consulate in Tanzania. Full consular services are available from the Australian High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya.
Check the High Commission website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
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