Exercise a high degree of caution in Cameroon overall due to the threat of violent crime and the risk of civil unrest.
Higher levels apply in some areas.
Exercise a high degree of caution in Cameroon overall due to the threat of violent crime and the risk of civil unrest.
Higher levels apply in some areas.
Do not travel to the Far North Region and within 40km of borders with Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria.
Reconsider your need to travel to the North and Adamaoua regions.
Reconsider your need to travel to the North and Adamaoua regions due to the threat of terrorism, kidnapping and violent crime including armed robbery, assault and carjacking.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Full travel advice: Local contacts
Terrorists are active in Cameroon and there is a high threat of attacks, particularly in the Far North Region. This includes Lake Chad and the area within 40km of the border with Nigeria.
Terrorist attacks could take place at any time. Attacks may be random and target a wide range of places visited by foreigners such as restaurants, bars, markets, hotels, shopping centres and places of worship.
To reduce your risk, be alert to suspicious behaviour and items near Cameroonian government and security installations.
Several small improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were detonated in Yaoundé and Douala in 2020 and 2021. Future attacks in both urban and other areas around the country remain possible. Travellers should remain vigilant and exercise extreme caution.
Terrorist groups operate in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Central African Republic (CAR). Terrorist acts include, suicide bomb attacks, kidnappings and armed violence.
Violent conflict in north eastern Nigeria by militant groups affects the safety of northern Cameroon. These occur in the adjacent Nigerian states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.
Militants cross the border to attack the Far North, North and Adamaoua regions of Cameroon.
Foreign nationals could be targets, including those engaged in tourism, humanitarian aid work, journalism or business sectors.
Cameroon and its neighbours, including Nigeria, conduct regular military operations against against terrorist groups. The security of Cameroon's border regions has worsened.
Large numbers of people have moved into and across parts of northern Cameroon. This includes displaced Cameroonians and Nigerian refugees.
Kidnapping is a risk in Cameroon. The threat is very high in:
Militants have kidnapped several foreigners from this area.
Kidnappers have also targeted foreigners in the Northwest and Southwest regions.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers.
If, despite our advice, you decide to travel to an area where there's a risk of kidnapping:
Violent crime is common in urban areas and on intercity highways. Armed highwaymen operate across the country.
Armed bandits are common in the border areas with the CAR.
Muggings, robberies, attacks on motorists and petty theft occur in:
Avoid isolated and poorer areas of town, particularly at night. In Yaoundé, areas such as la Briquetterie and Mokolo are considered dangerous.
Criminals target roads close to the borders with Nigeria, the CAR and Chad.
Armed robberies and attacks on motorists also occur on:
Piracy is a threat in the Gulf of Guinea and particularly in the waters around the Niger Delta and the Bakassi Peninsula.
Pirate attacks have been reported in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Guinea and, in some cases, further out at sea.
Pirates are known to frequent the waters around the ferry crossings between Limbe or Tiko, Cameroon, and Calabar, Nigeria.
Pirates are heavily armed.
Attractive targets for pirates include:
Don't travel in the Gulf of Guinea waters or surrounds.
If you need to travel by boat, you should:
The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) publishes piracy reports.
There is a high risk of mugging and armed robbery throughout Cameroon but particularly in Yaoundé, Douala, Ngaoundere and Bafoussam.
Foreigners have reported incidents of robbery and rape in Douala.
Gangs of armed gunmen have attacked restaurants and hotels that cater to foreigners.
To reduce your risk of crime:
If you become a victim of violent crime, including rape, seek medical help straight away. The HIV/AIDS infection rate in Cameroon is high. See 'Health'.
Thieves are active on trains, coaches, bush taxis and around bus stations. Always take care of your belongings when using public transport.
Commercial and internet fraud often originates in West African countries, including Cameroon.
Online scammers defraud victims. Victims who have travelled to the originating country have put their lives in danger.
Criminals often seek details of 'safe' bank accounts overseas, such as yours. They claim they will transfer large sums of money into the account. Victims believe they will get a donation or a percentage of the amount involved.
Be aware of other scams where criminals:
To protect yourself against a scam, be wary of:
Be careful about giving out personal information or disposing of personal documents while in Cameroon.
Scammers can access your personal data when you use open networks. Be careful when and where you use internet banking and other sites that transmit or store your data or passwords.
Do not travel to Cameroon to try to get your money back or seek revenge. You could be in danger.
Bogus dating schemes
Criminals in West Africa operate fake online friendship, dating and marriage schemes.
Scammers use these schemes to defraud and threaten the lives of Australians. They do this by targeting Australians and other foreigners on internet dating sites or chat rooms. They may pose as a prospective friend or spouse.
Once a friendship develops, the scammer asks for money to allow them to travel to Australia. In some cases, the scammer ends the relationship once the money has been sent. There's little chance of getting the money back.
In other cases, foreigners are lured to Africa to meet their prospective friend or marriage partner. Once in Africa, they may become the victim of kidnapping, assault, robbery or extortion.
You may be at risk of cyber-based threats during overseas travel to any country. Digital identity theft is a growing concern. Your devices and personal data can be compromised, especially if you’re connecting to Wi-Fi, using or connecting to shared or public computers, or to Bluetooth.
Social media can also be risky in destinations where there are social or political tensions, or laws that may seem unreasonable by Australian standards. Travellers have been arrested for things they have said on social media. Don't comment on local or political events on your social media.
Tensions in the Northwest and Southwest (Anglophone) regions have increased since March 2018 and remain high. This is due to conflict between Anglophone separatists and Cameroon government forces. There have been multiple clashes between the Cameroonian security forces and armed groups in recent years. We advise you avoid travelling to these regions, including the Bakassi Peninsula, due to the high threat of localised violence and kidnapping.
People have been killed and injured in armed clashes and explosions in the regional capitals of Buea and Bamenda. IEDs are increasingly being used by armed groups and have previously been used to target civilians in these regions. There's continuing potential for this civil unrest to degrade into armed conflict. Restrictions including night curfews and a ban on public meetings, remain in place in some areas.
The Northwest and Southwest regions may have:
Adamaoua and East regions
Sometimes civil unrest and armed conflict in the CAR has spilled across the border into Cameroon. That conflict mostly affects outposts in the Adamaoua and East regions.
Public protests, demonstrations and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
Civil unrest is possible in other parts of Cameroon, not only the Northwest and Southwest regions.
To protect yourself during periods of unrest:
Curfews are sometimes imposed in parts of Cameroon. Obey local authorities on all curfews and movement restrictions.
Cameroon experiences severe weather, flooding and volcanic eruptions.
To protect yourself during a natural disaster:
The rainy season is:
Rain may cause flooding and make roads impassable during these periods.
Mount Cameroon is an active volcano that may experience explosions and lava flows. Ask local authorities before climbing it.
Nyos and Monoum volcanic lakes sometimes give off toxic fumes. Seek advice from local authorities before visiting.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave. Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won’t pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many thousands of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare, or the welfare of another Australian, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location.
If you plan to bring any medication, check if it's legal in Cameroon. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription and a letter from your doctor stating:
Malaria is prevalent throughout the year.
Other insect-borne diseases include:
Yellow fever is widespread in Cameroon. Yellow fever is a potentially fatal virus spread by mosquitoes. It's prevented by vaccination. Get vaccinated before you travel.
To protect yourself from diseases spread by insects:
Consider taking medicine to prevent malaria.
The rate of HIV/AIDS infection in Cameroon is high. Take precautions before you do anything that puts you at risk of infection.
Mpox (Monkeypox) is endemic in parts of Africa. In areas where Mpox is found, you should avoid contact with animals (especially primates and rodents), infected people and items that may have come into contact with them.
Waterborne, foodborne, parasitic and other infectious diseases are widespread. These include:
To protect yourself from these diseases:
Seek medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea or you suspect poisoning.
Medical facilities in urban centres are basic. They're extremely limited in rural areas.
Medical facilities often lack trained staff. They may have poor hygiene and outdated equipment, and lack medical supplies.
You may need to pay cash up-front before doctors and hospitals will treat you, even in an emergency.
If you become seriously ill or injured, you'll need evacuation to a place with better facilities. Medical evacuation can be very expensive. Make sure your insurance covers this risk.
You are subject to the all local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter, but we can't get you out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences are severe. They may include long jail terms and large fines.
Always carry proof of your identification (ID), such as a residence permit or a certified copy of your passport.
You might be detained by police if you can't show valid ID.
Penalties for serious crime, such as murder, include the death penalty.
Same-sex relationships are illegal. Penalties for same-sex activity include both:
The media has reported attacks and arrests targeting LGBTI people.
It's illegal to take photos of:
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you’re overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Standards of dress and behaviour are conservative in Cameroon. Take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
You'll need to apply for a Cameroonian visa online via the Cameroonian Government's E-visa system prior to departing for Cameroon.
Applicants must sign up to the online portal, fill in the required information, upload supporting documents and pay the required fees before Cameroonian authorities will process it.
Applicants travelling from countries without Cameroonian Embassy or High Commission will be issued an online visa authorisation with a QR code. You must bring a printed copy of this authorisation and original copies of all supporting documents with you to Cameroon. A visa sticker will be issued in your passport only after these are checked on arrival by border control.
Entry and exit conditions, including COVID-19 requirements, can change at short notice. Contact the nearest High Commission of the Republic of Cameroon for the latest details or visit the Centre for the Coordination of Public Health Emergency's website (in French).
Flight availability may change rapidly due to travel disruptions. Access via Cameroon's land and sea borders remains restricted.
All documents presented to border authorities must be in one of the official languages of Cameroon, French or English.
In the past, borders with Cameroon's neighbours have closed with little or no warning. Monitor news and consult travel providers for the latest updates.
We continue to advise do not travel within 40km of the border with Central African Republic, Chad and Nigeria due to unpredictable security conditions and the high threat of terrorist attack and kidnapping for ransom, armed robbery, assault and carjacking. If despite our advice, you travel to the border with Central African Republic, Chad or Nigeria, consider engaging professional security support and planning.
Very poor road conditions make it difficult to cross the land border with Gabon. If you plan to take this route:
You may need a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter Cameroon, and neighbouring countries.
To protect yourself and to avoid entry issues, get vaccinated for yellow fever before you travel. See Health
Find out about returning to Australia after exposure to yellow fever.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
Although Australian passports comply with international standards for sex and gender, we can’t guarantee that a passport showing 'X' in the sex field will be accepted for entry or transit by another country. Contact the nearest embassy, high commission or consulate of your destination before you arrive at the border to confirm if authorities will accept passports with 'X' gender markers.
Cameroon is largely a cash economy.
The local currency is the Central African CFA Franc (XAF).
Hotels accept US dollars and euros. You can exchange US dollars and euros for local currency. Australian dollars are not accepted.
Credit card facilities are not widespread but most major hotels accept credit cards.
ATMs that accept international cards are limited. Check ATM locations with your bank before you travel.
Driving in Cameroon is dangerous. Hazards include:
If bystanders believe you are at fault in a road accident, they may become hostile.
Avoid driving at night.
Road travel during the rainy season may be difficult. Heavy rains and flash floods can make roads impassable. See flooding in Safety
Police checkpoints are common in Cameroon. Police may ask drivers and passengers to pay money.
Police might detain you if you can't show identification (ID). Make sure you carry ID such as:
Reconsider using taxis and ridesharing services due to high crime levels.
Taxis in cities operate like buses, picking up passengers while there is still room in the vehicle. They often take indirect routes.
Many don't meet basic safety requirements.
There have been reports of violent assaults and robberies of taxi passengers.
The US Embassy in Yaoundé prohibits its staff from using taxis. This is due to the high levels of associated crime.
If despite our advice, you choose to travel by taxi, use only trusted taxis or transportation arranged by the hotel.
Rail travel is possible between Douala, Yaoundé and Ngaoundere. However, many rail tracks and trains in Cameroon are in poor condition.
Arrange for someone to meet you on arrival at the airport. Make sure you have confirmed, prearranged transport.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Cameroon's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Call 119 or go to the hospital.
Always get a police report when reporting a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Read the Consular Services Charter for information about what the Australian Government can and can't do for you overseas.
Australia has a consulate in Cameroon. It provides limited consular assistance and doesn’t issue Australian passports.
BAT Compound Bastos,
BP 7063 Yaoundé
Republic of Cameroon
Phone: (+237) 222 217 442
Fax: (+237) 222 208 431
Mobile: (+237) 696 802 662
Limited consular services are also available from the Australian High Commission in Nigeria.
Check the High Commission website for details about services, opening hours, appointments and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you're unable to contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
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