Fire and rescue services
Call 190, or go to the nearest hospital.
Call 190, or visit the nearest police station.
Do not travel within 30km of the northern or western side of the Berm (a militarised boundary) or all areas south and east of the Berm.
Do not travel to all areas south and east of the Berm because of the risk of armed conflict. Western Sahara's status as part of Morocco is disputed. An active, militarised independence movement operates to the east of the Berm. A ceasefire is currently in place. See Safety.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Full travel advice: Local contacts
Terror attacks are a risk in Morocco.
Past attacks targeted locations that are popular with tourists.
Terrorists murdered 2 foreign nationals in December 2018. They were hiking in a remote mountain area near Mount Toubkal.
You could get caught up in attacks directed at others.
Terror group Daesh targets the Maghreb region for attacks. This includes Morocco.
Authorities believe many Moroccans sympathise with or belong to terrorist groups that operate in Syria and Iraq.
Moroccan authorities regularly arrest suspected terrorists and people associated with terror groups. However, the threat remains.
Possible targets for future terror attacks include:
In planning your activities, consider the kind of areas known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided.
To reduce your risk of being involved in terrorism:
If there's an attack, leave the affected area immediately, if it's safe to do so.
Avoid the affected area after an attack due to the risk of secondary attacks.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Kidnapping is a threat to Westerners across North Africa.
In Morocco, the risk of kidnapping is higher in:
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it doesn't make payments or concessions to kidnappers.
To reduce your risk of kidnapping:
Petty crime is common, including:
Theft at knifepoint and other violent crime sometimes happens.
Muggings have occurred when travellers were walking on deserted beaches and poorly lit streets at night.
Aggressive begging near ATMs is frequent and robberies occur.
Intimidation is sometimes used to force customers to buy goods. Tourists are aggressively harassed, often by men posing as official tourist guides.
Hotspots for crime include popular tourist areas, such as:
Women may be the subject of unwanted attention, particularly:
To help keep yourself safe from crime:
Common scams and fraud include:
Commercial internet fraud is common and often originates in West African countries. Some victims who then travel to that country are killed.
Criminals may seek the details of 'safe' bank accounts overseas to use for a large transfer. They may tell you this is a donation or ask for a percentage of the amount involved.
As part of scams, they may also:
Fake internet friendship, dating and marriage schemes operate from West Africa. These scams typically start with a relationship through an internet dating site or chat room.
Your 'friend' or prospective marriage partner will ask you to send money to help them to travel to Australia.
In some cases, the relationship will then end with very little chance of recovering any money.
In other cases, foreigners are lured to Africa to meet the person. When they arrive, they become the victim of crimes such as kidnapping, assault and robbery.
To avoid becoming a victim of a scam:
Don't send money to anyone in Morocco until you can make proper checks.
If you're the victim of a scam, get legal advice. Don't travel to Morocco to seek restitution.
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
Domestic and regional issues can incite protests at any time. Large-scale demonstrations can occur at short notice across the country.
Most gatherings are peaceful but isolated incidents of vandalism and looting occur.
Sporting events can attract large crowds, and tensions may lead to security incidents.
Western Sahara's status as part of Morocco is disputed. A mostly sand wall, 'the Berm', separates:
Armed conflict has occurred. A ceasefire is currently in place. However, local or more widespread conflict could resume with little warning.
To protect yourself during periods of unrest:
Be ready to change your travel plans in case of disruptions.
If you're affected by transport disruptions, contact your airline, travel agent or insurer.
Morocco is in an earthquake zone. Minor earthquakes sometimes occur.
To protect yourself in case of an earthquake:
Flash flooding can occur. Risk of flooding is higher:
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave. Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won’t pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
You may need a special insurance policy for 'do not travel' destinations. Some Australian insurance policies may not cover you for travel to 'do not travel' destinations.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Morocco. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a dated letter from your doctor stating:
Insect-borne diseases are common in Morocco, including:
Malaria is less common.
To protect yourself from disease:
Consider taking medication to prevent malaria.
Get medical advice if you develop a fever, muscle pain, a rash or a bad headache.
Some waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases are common.
To protect yourself from illness:
Get medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea.
Avoid temporary black henna tattoos. They often contain a dye that can cause a serious skin reaction.
Major cities generally have good medical facilities.
Services can be extremely limited in:
You may need to pay cash before private hospitals will admit you. Not paying up-front may delay your treatment.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and can include long prison terms.
The death penalty can apply for serious offences such as:
Sexual activities that are against the law in Morocco include:
In Morocco, it's illegal to:
Authorities may question or detain you if you:
Drone use is controlled in Morocco. Seek approval from the Moroccan Government before you enter the country with a drone.
If you want to get married in Morocco, you'll need to present:
You can organise these documents through:
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you’re overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Morocco recognises dual nationality.
Under Moroccan law, Moroccan citizenship takes priority. This can affect your rights and responsibilities, including:
If you're a dual national, this limits the consular services we can give if you're arrested or detained.
Always travel on your Australian passport.
Moroccan citizenship is automatic for the children of Moroccan fathers. Moroccan women who are married to foreigners can also pass on their Moroccan citizenship to their children.
Local law applies to child custody decisions. This may affect whether you can leave Morocco with your children.
If you're a dual national, seek legal advice on child custody disputes.
Standards of dress and behaviour are conservative in many parts of Morocco.
Public displays of affection can cause offence.
In some parts of Morocco, women should wear loose clothing covering the arms and legs.
Take care in or around:
Couples may need to provide proof of marriage to get accommodation.
Take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
The Islamic holiday month of Ramadan will be from late April to late May in 2020. Respect religious and cultural customs and laws at this time.
Avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public or around people who are fasting.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders.
Make sure you meet all entry and exit conditions. If you don't, the Australian Government can’t help you.
You won't need a visa to visit Morocco for less than 3 months.
In other situations, you'll need a visa.
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. You can contact the Embassy of Morocco for the latest details. They will tell you about visas, currency, customs and other travel requirements.
Some tourists report having trouble leaving the country without a stamp in their passport.
Get your passport stamped when you enter Morocco.
The land border between Morocco and Algeria is closed.
Don't attempt to cross into Algeria by land.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who want to use your identity to commit crimes.
To protect your passport, always keep it in a safe place.
Be aware of people trying to trick you into giving them your passport.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
The local currency is the Moroccan Dirham (MAD).
You must declare all amounts in foreign currency over MAD100,000 when you arrive and depart.
Only exchange currency at:
Credit cards are accepted in larger towns and tourist centres.
ATMs are widely available in cities and most large towns.
Contact your bank to make sure your cards will work in Morocco.
Unexploded landmines are an ongoing risk in the Western Sahara territory. This risk is higher within 30km of the Berm, but also closer inland.
To protect yourself against landmines:
Transport and tour operators don't always meet the safety and maintenance standards you might expect. This includes adventure activities, such as diving and desert excursions.
Safety equipment, such as life jackets and seatbelts, may not be provided.
To reduce your risks while taking a tour in Morocco:
If you don't have access to safety equipment, use another provider. See Safety
To drive in Morocco you must have both:
You must get your IDP before you leave Australia.
The death toll from road accidents in Morocco is high.
Driving on rural roads at night is particularly dangerous.
Drivers must carry an unfilled 'accident report' (constat à l'amiable) in the vehicle. You can buy these forms at local newsstands.
The police don't usually intervene in minor road accidents where no one is injured. All parties involved need to complete an accident report.
If the accident involves injuries, you must wait for police to arrive before moving your vehicle.
Checkpoints are common. You must be able to show:
If you plan to drive in Morocco:
Be alert on mountain roads and major highways.
Always carry personal ID and vehicle documents, including an accident report form.
Your travel insurance policy may not cover you if you have an accident while driving a motorbike, quad bike or similar. Check before you drive.
Always wear a helmet. Make sure your passenger does too.
Only use registered taxis and limousines, preferably booked through your hotel.
Several fatal bus crashes on intercity routes have occurred.
Morocco's rail network is relatively safe and reliable, but accidents happen.
In October 2018, a train derailed between the cities of Sale and Kenitra. Many passengers were injured or died.
Pickpocketing and petty theft on trains occurs. Stay alert and don't leave luggage unattended.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Morocco's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Call 190, or go to the nearest hospital.
Call 190, or visit the nearest police station.
Most emergency phone operators don't speak English.
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
You can access some passport services and consular help at the Australian Embassy in Rabat.
You'll need to make an appointment for passport services. Book online through the Australian Embassy in Rabat website.
This embassy can't issue emergency passports.
Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
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