Fire and rescue services
Exercise a high degree of caution in Bahrain due to the threat of terrorist attack and civil unrest.
Exercise a high degree of caution in Bahrain due to the threat of terrorist attack and civil unrest.
Health advice due to COVID-19 is continually changing. Rules and restrictions to prevent outbreaks can change quickly. It’s important to regularly check the rules in the destinations you’re travelling to and transiting through.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Full travel advice: Local contacts
Terrorists have killed and injured people in recent years. The main targets are police and security services.
Bahraini authorities warn residents and foreigners to avoid suspicious packages and objects.
Attacks could occur at any time. Possible targets include:
Authorities have increased security. They may reinforce these measures at short notice.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
The security situation in the region remains unpredictable and could deteriorate with little or no warning.
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
Since 2011, protests and clashes have occurred throughout Bahrain, including in:
Protests and clashes may take place in other locations. Security forces sometimes use force to disperse protesters.
Public rallies and meetings of large groups without the permission of the authorities are illegal. You could face legal action if you join them. If you're caught up in unrest, authorities could arrest you.
Monitor the media for political and regional tensions.
Take extra care around the time of Friday prayers.
If you're in an affected area:
If unrest disrupts transport, contact your airline, travel agent or insurer for advice.
The overall level of crime in Bahrain is low, however pickpocketing and bag snatching occurs. Criminals target the old market areas (souks).
To protect yourself against petty theft:
Where possible, avoid travelling alone or at night.
Bahrain often has extremely high temperatures. From June to August, the temperature can be above 50°C.
To avoid heat stroke and dehydration:
Sand and dust storms happen often.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave.
Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition. Consider whether you may be in a vulnerable category for COVID-19.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare, or the welfare of another Australian, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location.
If you need counselling services, contact the Australian Consular Emergency Centre on (+61) 2 6261 3305. Ask to speak to a Lifeline telephone counsellor.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to take medication, check if it's legal in Bahrain by contacting the nearest Bahraini Embassy. Take enough legal medicine for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription and a dated letter from your doctor stating:
Get DFAT to authenticate medical documents before you leave, if required.
COVID-19 remains a risk in Bahrain. Monitor your health closely and follow the advice of local authorities.
For information on Bahrain's COVID−19 vaccination program, refer to the Bahrain Ministry of Health's website. You should consult your local health professional for advice on vaccine options, including assistance that may be available locally. The Australian Government cannot provide advice on the safety, quality and efficacy of vaccines that have been approved for use outside of Australia's regulatory process.
You may be at risk of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Cases have been reported in several Middle Eastern countries. Other countries have had cases from returned travellers.
Avoid contact with camels. Don't consume raw camel milk, undercooked camel meat, or anything contaminated with camel secretions.
Get medical advice if you have a fever, cough, breathing difficulties or diarrhoea.
You're at risk of waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases.
To protect yourself from illness:
Get medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea.
The standard of medical care is high.
You may have to pay before treatment begins. Costs can be high.
The Bahraini Government may ask you to repay all costs of emergency treatment.
If you did not pay or can't afford to pay your medical bill and you didn't get travel insurance:
If you become seriously ill or injured, you may need to be evacuated to a place with better facilities. Medical evacuation can be very expensive. Ensure that your insurance can cover these costs.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
The nearest Australian Embassy is in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It doesn't have direct access to police, jails, hospitals and other services. Our ability to provide consular assistance in Bahrain may be limited.
The Australian Embassy has to formally ask for access through the Bahraini Embassy in Riyadh. Authorities approve this on a case-by-case basis, so there may be a delay.
Behaviour in Australia that you might consider offensive or anti-social, but not criminal, could be illegal. Anyone breaking Bahraini law, even without knowing, may be subject to severe punishment.
Bahraini law applies to you even if you're transiting and don't leave the airport.
Penalties for drug offences, including possession, are severe and include the death penalty and life sentences.
Bahrain's laws differ from Australia's in several areas, including:
If you have family or commercial interests in Bahrain, get professional advice on your legal rights and responsibilities.
Authorities might stop you from leaving Bahrain if you have a commercial or labour dispute, legal proceedings or unpaid debts. See Travel
You may face the death penalty for serious crimes, such as murder and drug offences.
You may face lashing for some offences, including stealing.
Always carry photo ID, or authorities may fine you.
If you drive under the influence of alcohol, authorities may detain, fine and ban you from driving.
It's illegal to:
Ask for permission before photographing people. Don't take photos of locals, especially women and children, without permission.
In some cases, it's illegal to take photos of government buildings, official motorcades and sensitive infrastructure, including oil fields.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Bahrain doesn't recognise dual nationality.
If you're a dual citizen and you enter Bahrain on your non-Australian passport, this may limit the consular services we can provide you.
If you're a dual national of another country (for example, an Australian-UK citizen) you can only exit Bahrain with the passport that you used to enter.
The Bahraini weekend is Friday and Saturday.
Respect religious and cultural sensitivities, rules and customs. Be aware of sensitivity around Ramadan and Shia religious festivals.
Respect religious and cultural customs and laws during the Islamic holiday month of Ramadan.
Avoid eating, drinking or smoking in public or around people who are fasting.
Standards of dress and behaviour are generally more conservative than in Australia.
If you disrespect Islam, you'll cause great offence.
Take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
Hotels may refuse couples who can't prove they're married.
Avoid public displays of affection — they may offend.
Same-sex sexual acts between consenting adults aged over 21 years are not criminalised.
However, LGBTI activity isn't socially accepted. It's likely to attract the attention of Bahraini authorities under some broader morality and public order laws.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, including COVID-19 vaccinations and tests, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
Entry and exit rules can change at short notice. Contact your nearest Bahraini Embassy or Consulate for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
Bahrain has resumed visas on arrival for Australian passport holders. Please check with local authorities for further details on visa requirements. Visas to enter Bahrain can also be obtained online through their eVisa portal.
If you're already in Bahrain and need to renew your Bahraini visit visa or require any information on Bahraini visas while in the country, you can contact the office of Nationality, Passports and Residence Affairs (NPRA) at the the Ministry of Interior.
There's no Bahraini embassy in Australia. The nearest embassy of Bahrain is in Jakarta, Indonesia.
In response to developments on COVID-19, entry and transit rules can change at short notice. This can include requirements for arriving from or transiting via a specific country, quarantine and PCR certificates or tests.
You don't need to present a PCR test certificate or conduct a PCR test on arrival, regardless of your vaccination status.
You should also check with their airline for the latest information on the airline’s boarding requirements before travelling to Bahrain.
For the latest on Bahrain's COVID-related travel restrictions, please check with nearest Bahraini Embassy or Consulate, relevant local authorities, including Bahrain's Airport website, for the most up-to-date information and requirements.
Mandatory COVID-related health preventative measures may be in place. Please check with local authorities.
Flight options to Australia are unpredictable and may stop without notice.
Authorities may ask detailed questions about why you're visiting. They sometimes refuse entry to Australians based on their answers.
They may not let you enter or exit Bahrain:
The legal age of maturity in Bahrain is 21. A child of a Bahraini father does not need his permission to leave Bahrain unless there's a travel ban imposed on the child in connection with custody proceedings.
Bahrain's only land exit is into Saudi Arabia. The King Fahd causeway land crossing border is open.
Some countries won't let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you're just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport isn't valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport's expiry date before you travel. If you're not sure it'll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
Bahrain has rules about the amount of currency you can bring in and take out. Currency limits can change. Check details with the Bahraini embassy.
The local currency is the Bahraini Dinar (BHD).
Credit card facilities and ATMs are widely available.
Ask your bank if your cards will work in Bahrain.
Road travel can be dangerous. Unsafe driving is common, especially speeding.
Residents must obtain a Bahraini drivers licence. This can be done in one day through Bahrain's traffic department. Applicants for the licence need to pass a vision test.
Visitors can use a foreign drivers licence and an international drivers licence. The international licence must be endorsed by an office of the Bahraini traffic department or at any car rental office (available at the airport).
Watch for roaming animals and drifting sands.
Off-road driving can be dangerous. Ensure vehicles are well equipped and maintained.
Many areas of the Gulf are sensitive to security issues and territorial disputes.
Disputes about sea boundaries can occur. There are disagreements about the sea boundaries and control of Abu Musa and Tunbs islands in the Southern Gulf.
Authorities can inspect your vessel, detain you and arrest you. There can be government curfews on the waters.
Ships and boats might not meet the safety standards you'd expect in Australia.
Always use available safety equipment, such as life jackets, even if others don't.
If the right safety equipment isn't available, use another provider.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Bahrain's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Always get a police report when reporting a crime.
Your travel insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your travel provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
Australia doesn't have an embassy or consulate in Bahrain. The Australian Embassy in Saudi Arabia can give consular help to Australians in Bahrain.
Abdullah Bin Hozafa Al-Shami Avenue
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Phone: +966 11 250 0900
Fax: +966 11 250 0902
The embassy in Riyadh is open Sunday to Thursday.
Check the embassy website for opening hours and temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
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