Fire and rescue services
COVID-19 hotline: 1420
All emergencies in northern Cyprus
Exercise a high degree of caution in Cyprus due to the active UN peacekeeping operation in the country.
Exercise a high degree of caution in Cyprus due to the active UN peacekeeping operation in the country.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
UN Buffer Zone
The Government of the Republic of Cyprus is the only internationally recognised authority in Cyprus. However, in practice, it only controls the southern part of the island.
The self-proclaimed 'Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus' ('TRNC') controls the northern part of Cyprus. Turkiye is the only country that recognises the 'TRNC'. There's also a Turkish military presence in the north.
A United Nations peacekeeping force (UNFICYP) controls a buffer zone between northern and southern Cyprus.
Be aware of the political sensitivity of the division of the island. Monitor local news for updates.
Some violent incidents have occurred along the UN Buffer Zone (also known as 'The Green Line'). Rowdy, politically motivated behaviour has occurred among fans at local sporting matches.
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent, particularly around the UN Buffer Zone.
To stay safe:
Bag-snatching, pickpocketing and petty theft happen, particularly in urban and tourist areas.
To reduce your risk of petty crime:
Serious violence, including physical assault, occurs. Media reports have linked the violence to organised crime. Be aware of your surroundings and take normal precautions.
Drink spiking is a risk, especially in tourist areas. It puts you at a higher risk of theft and sexual assault. Take reasonable steps to protect yourself.
To reduce your risk of drink spiking:
Theft around ATMs
Be careful when you use ATMs. If possible:
To protect yourself from scams:
You may be at risk of cyber-based threats during overseas travel to any country. Digital identity theft is a growing concern. Your devices and personal data can be compromised, especially if you're connecting to Wi-Fi, using or connecting to shared or public computers, or to Bluetooth.
Social media can also be risky in destinations where there are social or political tensions or laws that may seem unreasonable by Australian standards. Travellers have been arrested for things they have said on social media. Don't comment on local or political events on your social media.
While there have been no recent terrorist attacks in Cyprus, they can still happen.
Terrorism occurs in Europe. Terrorist attacks have taken place in several European cities.
Targets have included public transport and transport hubs, and public places frequented by foreigners.
European security services have disrupted a number of planned attacks in recent years.
To protect yourself from terrorism:
Report suspicious activity or items to the police.
If there's an attack, leave the area as soon as it's safe. Avoid the affected area in case there are secondary attacks.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Strong seas and rips at some beaches pose a risk to swimmers. To stay safe:
Transport and tour operators don't always follow safety and maintenance standards, including for:
If you plan to do an adventure activity:
If proper safety equipment isn't available, use another provider.
Some operators may ask for your passport as a deposit or guarantee for equipment hire. Passports are valuable documents. Never give your passport as a deposit or guarantee.
To protect yourself if there's a natural disaster or severe weather:
Cyprus experiences earthquakes. While large earthquakes are rare, minor earth tremors can happen.
Cyprus can experience violent storms and high winds in coastal regions.
Winter snowstorms occur in the Troodos Mountains. These storms can block roads or create poor driving conditions.
Cyprus has forest and grass fires during the long dry season from May until October. Fires are most common in heavily forested and mountainous regions and can start with little warning and travel quickly.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave.
Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won't pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many thousands of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare or the welfare of another Australian, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Cyprus. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription and a letter from your doctor stating:
Rodents, bats, other vermin and 'yellow fever mosquitoes' can carry diseases that people can catch. Avoid contact with such animals in the countryside or at archaeological sites.
Outbreaks of water-borne, food-borne, insect-borne and other infectious diseases are common in the eastern Mediterranean region and can occasionally occur in Cyprus.
There have been reports of West Nile Virus cases in south and north Cyprus. There's no vaccine to prevent it.
To protect yourself from disease:
Heatwaves are becoming more frequent over the summer months. They can cause heat stroke and exhaustion. Drink plenty of water, wear a hat, wear suitable light clothing, and, if possible, stay indoors during the heat of the day. There's limited shade in and around tourist areas.
Air quality in Cyprus is variable due to frequent winds carrying dust from North Africa and the Middle East and the use of dirty fuel in electricity production. The air quality further deteriorates during periods of forest fire. If you typically rely on medication to assist with breathing, bring it with you, and ensure you have enough for your visit.
Follow local media and authorities for up-to-date information on health risks.
COVID-19 remains a risk in Cyprus.
Public and private facilities in the Republic of Cyprus's main cities are adequate but can be costly.
Medical services in northern Cyprus are more basic than in the south.
Cyprus has public and private decompression chambers. Check the Cyprus Dive Center Association for details.
If you become seriously ill or injured, you may be evacuated to a place with better facilities. Medical evacuation can be very expensive.
You're subject to local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Cypriot authorities don't always tell the Australian High Commission they have arrested an Australian citizen. This is especially the case if you're a dual national.
If police arrest or detain you, ask them or your family and friends to notify the Australian High Commission immediately.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and can lead to life in jail. Carrying even small amounts of an illegal drug can result in jail time.
Buying property in the north of Cyprus can be risky. Legal titles to land can be uncertain.
When the conflict of 1974 displaced people in the north, many had property ownership claims.
It's a crime to buy, sell or rent property without the owner's consent.
Get legal advice before signing a property contract.
It's also a crime to intend to purchase disputed property. Officials may consider your possession of property pamphlets from the north as evidence of intent to purchase.
You could face criminal proceedings if you cross the Green Line with documents about buying property in northern Cyprus.
There are laws relating to the use of drones in Cyprus relating to what type of drone can be flown without a licence and where and when they can be flown.
It's illegal in both parts of Cyprus to:
If you plan to get married in Cyprus, check the legal requirements before travelling.
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you're overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Under local laws, you could be a national of Cyprus if you have a family connection to Cyprus.
Dual Australian-Cypriot nationals may have to do national service. This may apply if you're:
Female dual nationals may have civil defence obligations. This may apply if you're:
If you're a male dual national aged 16 to 26 years, you need an exit permit to leave Cyprus. You can get a permit from either the:
If you are or could be a national of Cyprus, check about national service before you travel. Ask the Cypriot Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
If you're in northern Cyprus, you might have to do military service if you:
Check with the relevant authorities (Cypriot Turkish) before you travel.
Officials may reduce the length of your national service if you show evidence of long-term residency in Australia.
Get a copy of your movements in and out of Australia as evidence of residency. Make a 'Request for International Movement Records' to the Department of Home Affairs.
You'll need this documentation if you:
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
You don't need a tourist visa to visit Cyprus for stays of up to 90 days in a 6-month period.
If you plan to stay longer, you must apply for a visa. Applications can be made in-country.
If you overstay your visa, officials may charge you with breaching immigration rules.
Entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. Contact the nearest embassy or consulate for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
Arrivals by sea must meet the same requirements as air arrivals (see above).
Travelling to or from the north through crossing checkpoints
Travel is permitted between the south and north of Cyprus. Refer to local authorities for the latest advice
Immigration officials might refuse entry into Cyprus if they have concerns about previous or planned travel to the north. This includes accommodation in the north or planned activities, such as commercial, academic or employment activities.
Entry to Cyprus is only legal through the following:
It's illegal to enter or exit Cyprus via any air or sea port in northern Cyprus.
Illegal entry ports include:
Only enter the UN Buffer Zone at formal crossing points. Police and UN forces strictly enforce this.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
Although Australian passports comply with international standards for sex and gender, we can’t guarantee that a passport showing 'X' in the sex field will be accepted for entry or transit by another country. Contact the nearest embassy, high commission or consulate of your destination before you arrive at the border to confirm if authorities will accept passports with 'X' gender markers.
The official currency of the Republic of Cyprus is the euro.
The principal currency in the north is the Turkish lira, although you can use euros in many businesses.
The Republic of Cyprus, in the south, doesn't accept the Turkish lira.
Declare amounts over 10,000 euros or equivalent if you're travelling between Cyprus and any non-European Union (EU) country. This covers all forms of currency, not only cash.
You don't need to declare it if you're travelling to or from another EU country.
Officials will fine you if you don't declare it or declare the wrong amount when entering or leaving Cyprus.
ATMs are widely available in tourist locations. You can use major credit cards in most places.
For questions about the protocols and guidelines, email firstname.lastname@example.org
The Australian International COVID-19 Vaccination Certificate (ICVC) is accepted in printed format, along with a photo ID. Australians who are dual nationals or those with Cypriot residency status may convert their Australian certificate into a Cyprus Safe Pass. More information is available in Issuance of the EU Digital COVID Certificate [PDF 13KB].
Face masks are no longer compulsory. However, some businesses and venues may maintain the rule as a condition of entry.
Turkish-Cypriot authorities in the north issue residence permits, identity cards and other documents. The Republic of Cyprus and other countries may not recognise these documents.
Use your Australian passport for all travel into or out of Cyprus and Turkiye.
Turkiye does not accept 'Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus' ID cards as entry or travel documents.
You can cross into the north if you arrive through legal ports of entry in the south.
If you're travelling from the south to the north of Cyprus (into the areas not controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus), you should avoid the Pergamos (aka Pyla, Beyarmudu and Dheklyia) and Strovilia (aka Akyar) Crossing Points, as they're part of the United Kingdom's Sovereign Base Areas, and have different entry and exit conditions on who can use their crossing points under international law.
Non-EU nationals (including Australians) aren't permitted to cross from the north to the south at these crossing points, even if you hold a valid visa for the Republic of Cyprus.
Use a different crossing point, such as Dherynia (aka Famagusta and Gazimugusa), to avoid any issues.
You'll need to show your passport to officials when entering and leaving the north – your passport will be recorded at both checkpoints.
You can take private vehicles or hire cars through checkpoints from the south to the north. However, you can't take cars that have been hired in the north through the checkpoints into the south. No cars can cross at the Ledra Street and Ledra Palace crossings.
You must be able to show your current car insurance when crossing north or south. Check your car insurance to ensure you have coverage for the area you want to drive through. Car hire companies offer insurance but be aware that their insurance may only cover you in the north or the south. There are usually insurance companies close to the crossing points, able to sell you a short-term policy.
If you plan to travel to other regional destinations, read the travel advice for these countries. Some countries may refuse entry if your passport or luggage contains evidence you entered Cyprus through any air or sea port in the non-government-controlled north.
The Republic of Cyprus authorities have deemed some accommodations in the north illegal. The Republic of Cyprus has warned visitors about staying in this accommodation, and it may put you at risk of legal action on the part of the owners.
You may need to present your goods for inspection when you cross between the north and south.
Strict controls apply to items bought in the north, including:
Republic of Cyprus police or customs authorities may confiscate these items. They may also fine you.
Customs officials in the north enforce a limit on the purchase of goods in the south.
Both sides enforce quarantine rules on food.
You can only use your Australian driver's licence for 6 months from your date of arrival.
You'll need to obtain a local driving licence to continue to drive after 6 months. To get a local licence, refer to the Road Transport Department.
The minimum age for driving is 18 years.
Road accidents are a major risk.
Most roads are of a good standard, but some secondary and mountain roads are poorly maintained.
Driving practices can be poor. Drivers often:
Be careful crossing roads, as traffic may not follow signals.
Be aware of quad bikes on roads.
The UN and military restricts access to roads in the UN Buffer Zone. Parts of this zone have landmines.
If you plan to drive:
Check with your insurer if your policy covers you using a motorbike, quad bike, dune buggy or similar vehicle.
Many serious injuries and deaths from quad-bike accidents happen each year, particularly in tourist areas. Follow directions on where you can and can't ride quad bikes or similar vehicles.
Always wear a helmet.
Use only authorised taxi and limousine services. Arrange them through your hotel, if possible, or through apps such as Bolt.
Unofficial taxis may overcharge.
Bus and coach services operate throughout Cyprus.
Theft can occur on public transport. Take care of your belongings.
Before taking a ferry or other boat, make sure it has the right safety gear. Many international cruise lines stopover in Cyprus.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Cyprus' air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
COVID-19 medical hotline: 1420
COVID-19 information hotline: 1450
COVID-19 general information: 1412 (8am to 8pm)
COVID-19 protocols and guidelines: email@example.com
COVID-19 hotline: 1102, +90 533 850 11 88 or +90 548 850 11 88
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Emergency operators may not speak English.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
For consular help, contact the Australian High Commission in Nicosia.
7th Floor, Block A
Alpha Business Centre
27 Pindarou Street
1060 Nicosia, Cyprus
Phone: (+357) 2229 7555
Fax: (+357) 2276 6486
Facebook: Australia in Cyprus
Check the High Commission website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
Be the first to know official government advice when travelling.