Fire and rescue services
Call 911, or go to the hospital.
Call 104, or go to the nearest police station.
Exercise a high degree of caution in Panama overall due to the threat of violent crime.
Higher levels apply in some areas.
Exercise a high degree of caution in Panama overall due to the threat of violent crime.
Higher levels apply in some areas.
Full travel advice: Safety
Full travel advice: Health
Full travel advice: Local laws
Full travel advice: Travel
Full travel advice: Local contacts
Crime levels are high in Panama.
Petty crime is common, mainly pickpocketing and bag-snatching. You're most at risk in Panama City and Colon.
Take extra care of your valuables in:
To prevent petty crime:
Armed robbery and muggings occur in Panama. Violent crime is less common than petty crime.
Hotspots for crime in Panama City include:
Armed criminals may target you at Madden Dam, a tourist site in the Chagres National Park.
'Express kidnappings' also happen, where criminals force you to withdraw money from ATMs.
To protect yourself from violent crime:
Credit card and ATM fraud occur.
House break-ins and robbery scams also happen. Criminals may gain your trust and then rob your house.
Be aware of your surroundings. Always keep your credit card secure.
Colombian guerrilla groups and drug traffickers are active in the Darien Gap, near the Colombian border.
Violent crime is common, including:
The danger zone starts at the end of the Pan American highway at Yaviza and extends to the Colombian border. This area includes the Darien National Park and privately owned nature reserves, and tourist resorts.
Be aware of landmines in the area.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it doesn't make payments or concessions to kidnappers.
You may be at risk of cyber-based threats during overseas travel to any country. Digital identity theft is a growing concern. Your devices and personal data can be compromised, especially if you're connecting to Wi-Fi, using or connecting to shared or public computers, or to Bluetooth.
Social media can also be risky in destinations where there are social or political tensions or laws that may seem unreasonable by Australian standards. Travellers have been arrested for things they have said on social media. Don't comment on local or political events on your social media.
Protests and demonstrations can happen:
Public protests and events that draw large groups of people can turn violent.
To protect yourself during periods of unrest:
If you encounter a protest, leave as soon as it is safe.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Panama doesn't have many lifeguards. Rescue equipment at public beaches is limited.
Strong currents and rips can make swimming dangerous.
The Bay of Panama is polluted with untreated sewage and industrial waste.
If you decide to go swimming:
In the event of a natural disaster:
To get alerts and advice, register with:
Severe weather can happen, including:
Severe weather may affect:
The hurricane season is from June to November. Storms and hurricanes can happen in other months.
The direction and strength of hurricanes can change suddenly.
If there's a hurricane or severe storm:
If a hurricane is approaching:
Panama experiences earthquakes. Tsunamis can also happen.
Get to know the earthquake safety measures for each place you stay and visit.
To receive tsunami alerts, register with the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.
If you're near the coast, move immediately to high ground if advised by authorities, or if you:
Don't wait for official warnings, such as alarms or sirens. Once on high ground, monitor local media.
Get comprehensive travel insurance before you leave.
Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation. The Australian Government won’t pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many thousands of dollars up-front for medical care.
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
Do this at least 8 weeks before you leave.
If you have immediate concerns for your welfare, or the welfare of another Australian, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or contact your nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate to discuss counselling hotlines and services available in your location.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
Medication with pseudoephedrine is banned in Panama.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Panama. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription and a dated letter from your doctor stating:
Yellow fever is widespread in Panama. Yellow fever is a potentially fatal virus spread by mosquitoes. It's prevented by vaccination. Get vaccinated before you travel.
Zika virus is also widespread. If you're pregnant, the Australian Department of Health and Aged Care recommends that you:
Malaria is a risk throughout the year in Bocas del Toro, Darien and San Blas. It's not a risk in Panama City.
To protect yourself from disease:
Get medical advice if you have a fever, muscle pain, rash, bleeding nose or gums, or a severe headache.
HIV/AIDS is common in Panama.
Take steps to reduce your risk of exposure to the virus.
Many hantavirus pulmonary syndrome cases are reported in Los Santos province.
To protect yourself:
For outdoor activities:
Waterborne, foodborne and other infectious diseases are common, including:
Serious outbreaks sometimes occur.
Some private hospitals and clinics are good. Facilities outside Panama City are limited.
Many doctors and hospitals need cash payment before treating you, even in an emergency.
If you're seriously ill or injured, you'll need to be moved to the US or another country with better facilities. Medical evacuation can be very expensive. Treatment in the US can be extremely expensive.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences are severe. They include lengthy prison sentences in local jails.
Authorities may arrest you for illegal drugs if you're either:
You must always carry an ID, such as a certified copy of your passport.
If you're aged under 18, curfews may apply in Panama City.
To be out after curfew, you'll need a special permit.
Police can detain you for violating the curfew. A guardian will need to collect you from the police station.
In Panama, it's illegal to:
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you’re overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
Panama recognises dual citizenship.
Get permission before photographing anyone, especially women, children and Indigenous people.
Same-sex relationships are legal, but not socially acceptable.
Consider the risks of public displays of affection.
Every country or territory decides who can enter or leave through its borders. For specific information about the evidence you'll need to enter a foreign destination, check with the nearest embassy, consulate or immigration department of the destination you're entering.
If you arrive by air or land, you won't need a visa. You'll be granted an initial stay of 180 days when you arrive.
To enter, you'll need to show proof of:
If you're transiting on a cruise ship and Panama is a port of call, you won't need a visa. An immigration official will stamp your passport, and you'll be granted a stay of up to 90 days.
If you arrive by another type of boat, you'll need a visa.
You must obtain an entry stamp from immigration officials upon entry into Panama. You may be fined up to USD 1,000 if you don't do this.
Entry and exit conditions can change. Contact the nearest Panamanian embassy or consulate for details about visas, currency, customs and quarantine rules.
If you're travelling through the US, ensure you meet all US entry or transit requirements, even if you are transiting through Hawaii.
If you're travelling via Canada, you'll need an ETA (Electronic Travel Authorisation) for Canada.
Travel via Chile
If you’re travelling via Chile, ensure you meet all current entry or transit requirements.
You may need a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter Panama. Some airlines may want to see one when you leave.
Find out about returning to Australia after exposure to yellow fever.
You'll need to pay a departure tax at the Tocumen Airport in Panama City. Check if your airline ticket already includes this cost.
If you're travelling to the US, you'll need evidence of an onward or return ticket. This applies even if you can enter the US under its visa waiver program.
Children who are Panamanian dual nationals or residents require additional documents to leave Panama without both parents.
If these documents are from outside Panama, you must have them verified with an apostille stamp.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. This can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than 6 months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible:
Although Australian passports comply with international standards for sex and gender, we can't guarantee that a passport showing 'X' in the sex field will be accepted for entry or transit by another country. Contact the nearest embassy, high commission or consulate of your destination before you arrive at the border to confirm if authorities will accept passports with 'X' gender markers.
The local coin currency is the Panama Balboa (PAB).
The banknote currency is the US Dollar (USD).
Beware of counterfeit currency, especially $US50 and $US100 notes.
Only exchange money at official banks and exchange services.
ATMs and credit card facilities are widely available. Check with your bank to make sure your cards will work.
You can drive with:
You must get your IDP before you leave Australia.
Driving hazards in Panama include:
Driving at night is dangerous. There are often night roadworks on the Pan-American Highway. There may not be signage for these roadworks.
Don't move your vehicle if you're in a motor vehicle accident. By law, you must remain at the scene until the traffic police arrive.
If you plan to travel by road:
Make sure your travel insurance covers you when using a motorbike, quad bike or similar vehicle.
Always wear a helmet.
Only use registered taxis. It's best to arrange them at your hotel.
To reduce your risks if using taxis:
Avoid public transport. Local buses don't follow set routes and are poorly maintained.
Many international cruise liners visit Panama.
The Pacific and Caribbean coastlines are transport routes for illegal drugs. Consider this security risk before deciding to travel by sea.
DFAT doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Panama's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
If you plan to visit the National Park on Coiba Island, you'll need a special permit.
Contact the National Authority for the Environment (ANAM in Spanish) or your tour operator.
Depending on what you need, contact your:
Call 911 or go to the hospital.
Call 104 or go to the nearest police station.
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can’t do to help you overseas.
Australia has a consulate in Panama City, headed by an Honorary Consul. The consulate provides limited consular assistance to Australians in Panama. The Consulate can conduct passport interviews and provide provisional travel documents for emergency travel to the nearest Australian embassy. The Consulate can’t issue Australian passports. You can get full consular assistance from the Australian Embassy in Mexico City.
PH Midtown, 10th floor, office 10-4
Panama City, Panama
Phone: (+507) 667 73833
Ruben Dario 55
Corner of Campos Eliseos, Polanco
Colonia Bosque de Chapultepec
11580 CDMX Mexico
See the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
Be the first to know official government advice when travelling.