Advice levelsWhat does this mean?
Do not travel to North, South and West Darfur, Abyei region, North and South Kordufan, Blue and White Nile State or Sennar State, or areas within 20km of the border with Eritrea and Ethiopia.
Do not travel to:
- North, South and West Darfur
- Abyei region
- North and South Kordufan
- Blue and White Nile State
- Sennar State
- areas within 20km of the border with Eritrea and Ethiopia
due to the possibility of armed conflict, threats of terrorist attack and kidnapping, and high levels of violent crime.
- Sudan’s political situation remains unstable. The military dissolved the transitional government on 25 October. Large scale protests are taking place across the country and can turn violent quickly. We strongly advise Australians in Sudan to shelter in place. Avoid demonstrations, limit your movements and remain vigilant. Monitor media coverage and follow the advice of local authorities.
- There is a threat of terrorism. Terrorist attacks could occur at any time. Avoid crowded areas and known targets. Be alert to possible threats.
- Political and anti-Western rallies can turn violent. Avoid large public gatherings. Avoid public spaces around Friday prayers.
- Ongoing violence in Sudan includes border disputes with South Sudan, and clashes between government forces and rebels. Civilians and foreigners could be victims of violence directed at others. Avoid areas of unrest and take security measures.
- Kidnapping is a serious risk in Sudan, even in Khartoum. Kidnappers often target foreigners. Seek professional security advice if you're travelling to high-risk areas.
- Violent crime is high risk, especially in Darfur. Don't travel to North, South and West Darfur. Outside Darfur, you're less likely to encounter violent crime.
Full travel advice: Safety
- COVID-19 remains a risk in Sudan.
- Sudan is experiencing an outbreak of Cholera and vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV). Polio cases have been reported in the following States: Blue Nile, Gezira, Red Sea, West Darfur and East Darfur.
- Yellow fever is widespread in Sudan. Other insect-borne diseases include malaria, Zika virus and dengue. Ensure your accommodation is insect-proof. Get vaccinated against yellow fever.
- HIV/AIDS is common. Take precautions if you're engaging in high-risk activities. If you think you may have been infected, seek immediate medical help outside Sudan.
- Other infectious diseases, including cholera, hepatitis, typhoid and polio, are common. Drink only bottled water. Ensure your vaccinations are up to date.
- Medical facilities are basic in Khartoum and inadequate elsewhere. You may need to get medical help outside Sudan.
Full travel advice: Health
- Sudan follows Islamic sharia law. Seek legal advice about family law matters, including divorce, custody and child support.
- Serious crimes attract the death penalty. Other crimes are punishable by lashes. Same-sex relations, extra-marital relations, and trying to convert a Muslim to Christianity are all illegal.
- In July 2020, the Sudanese authorities amended the law on alcohol to allow consumption by non-Muslims, but not in the company of Muslims.
- Be careful when taking photographs. You need a permit for any photography. Even with a permit, it's illegal to photograph certain areas, including military installations, infrastructure and slums.
- Sudan has strict Islamic dress codes. Women should wear a headscarf and loose clothing covering the arms and legs.
Full travel advice: Local laws
- Due to the military takeover on 25 October 2021, roads and bridges have been blocked. Khartoum International Airport is open but commercial services are limited. Check with your travel provider if you plan to travel.
- You must possess a certified negative PCR test certificate dated within 72hrs before you arrive in Sudan. Children 6 years old and younger are exempt. Check with your airline or travel provider regarding testing and other requirements.
- Local authorities have removed all national COVID-19 restrictions. There remains the possibility of curfews, travel restrictions or other measures being re-introduced at short notice. Regularly check the advice of local authorities.
- You may need to show your yellow fever vaccination certificate when entering and leaving Sudan. Check Australia's re-entry requirements (Department of Health) following exposure to yellow fever.
- It's illegal to import or export Sudanese currency. Bring US dollars to change when you arrive. You'll also need US dollars to pay in some hotels. You can't use credit cards, debit cards or traveller's cheques anywhere.
- Landmines and unexploded remnants of war are a risk. Use main roads and paths labelled as cleared by a competent de-mining authority.
- You may need a permit for all travel outside Khartoum. Register with local authorities within 24 hours of arriving anywhere outside Khartoum.
Full travel advice: Travel
- The Consular Services Charter details what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
- Australia doesn't have an embassy in Sudan. You can get consular assistance from the Australian Embassy in Egypt.
- The British Embassy in Khartoum provides limited consular assistance for Australians.
- Be aware consular services may be limited due to local measures in place to curb the spread of COVID-19.
Full travel advice: Local contacts
There is a threat of terrorism. Terrorist attacks could occur anywhere and at any time.
Terrorist groups have previously stated their intent to harm Westerners through suicide operations, bombings, shootings, and kidnappings.
- places of worship
- airports and other transportation hubs and networks
- sites frequented by foreigners
- tourist attractions
- hotels, restaurants, bars and coffee shops
- shopping centres and markets
The threat of terror attack is high in:
- Northern, Southern and Western Darfur
- Abyei region
- Northern and Southern Kordufan
- Blue, White Nile and Sennar states
- areas within 20km of the border with Eritrea and Ethiopia
- areas within 50km of the border with Libya
To protect yourself if you travel to Sudan despite the risks:
- vary routes and patterns of movement
- avoid travel at night, including in Khartoum and other urban areas
- avoid crowded areas and other possible targets
- monitor the media for threats, curfews and other restrictions
- take official warnings seriously
If you're travelling outside urban areas, arrange personal security.
If there's an attack, leave as soon as it's safe. Follow the advice of local authorities.
Avoid the area after an attack because of the risk of secondary attacks.
Terrorism is a threat worldwide.
Civil unrest and political tension
Sudan’s political situation remains unstable and could deteriorate quickly. On 25 October, the military dissolved the civilian-led transitional government in Khartoum that had been established following the removal of former President Omar Al-Bashir in 2019. Large scale protests and demonstrations are taking place in Khartoum and across the country.
Demonstrations and protests
Following the military takeover on 25 October 2021, large scale protests and demonstrations are taking place across the country and there are reports of violence against protestors, including deaths. Protests can occur at short notice and turn violent quickly. We strongly advise Australians in Sudan to shelter in place and stay away from areas where demonstrations are planned. If you unexpectedly meet a demonstration, leave the area immediately. Internet and phone services remain unreliable.
There are roadblocks and checkpoints throughout Khartoum. If you encounter a roadblock, remain calm and seek an alternative route. Do not attempt to force your way through it.
Politically motivated protests, including anti-Western rallies, occur in Sudan.
The use of weapons is common. Conflict can escalate rapidly.
Curfews are imposed with little or no warning. Observe curfews and follow the advice of local authorities.
The state of emergency is in effect. Security forces have increased powers to:
- ban unauthorised public gatherings
- give security forces increased powers to arrest, restrict movement and seize assets, and
- close border crossings at short notice.
Khartoum International Airport is open but can reduce operations or close at short notice. Following the military takeover on 25 October, commercial airlines are operating on limited services.
Before travelling outside Khartoum, check your route and destination.
Border areas are extremely dangerous, including the disputed area of the Sudan and South Sudan border.
Fighting between rebel groups and government forces occurs in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states.
The Sudanese Defence Forces, including the Rapid Response Forces, use force against suspected rebel activity.
Violent skirmishes occur between local communities and armed groups in Abyei.
Violence has resulted in the deaths of hundreds and displaced thousands of people.
Security at the border is worse due to violent conflict in South Sudan. Large numbers of displaced persons and refugees have entered Sudan.
Darfur remains dangerous despite some progress in the peace process.
Violent and ongoing clashes occur among rebel groups and with the Sudanese Armed Forces.
Civilians, including foreign workers, could be affected by violence directed at others.
Some armed movements in Darfur reject the peace process.
To protect yourself if, despite the risks, you travel to Sudan:
- avoid areas of possible unrest
- avoid public spaces in the period surrounding Friday prayers
- adopt appropriate personal security measures
- keep adequate supplies of water, food, fuel, cash and medication
- keep your passport and other travel documents up to date
- review contingency plans and be ready to leave Sudan at short notice
Obtain professional security advice if you travel to 'do not travel' areas.
The level of street crime in Khartoum and other major Sudanese cities, except Darfur, is low but increasing.
To protect yourself from crime:
- Remain alert to possible threats.
- Take precautions to protect yourself and your belongings.
- Leave valuable items out of sight.
- Keep your doors locked and windows closed at all times.
- If you’re stopped, avoid confrontation.
Foreigners are targeted for robbery, kidnapping, and carjacking elsewhere in Sudan and particularly in Darfur.
Banditry is widespread throughout western Sudan. Particularly in the Darfur and Chad–Sudan border regions, where several incidents have resulted in deaths.
Sexual assault is common in areas of armed conflict.
Due to the high risk of HIV/AIDS infection, if you are a victim of violent crime, especially rape, seek immediate medical assistance outside of Sudan.
Kidnapping is a serious risk in Sudan, even in Khartoum, and travellers have been kidnapped.
Kidnappings can be for financial or political gain, by criminals or terrorists. Humanitarian aid workers and journalists have been targeted for kidnapping.
- rural areas
- in and around Darfur's state capitals and towns
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it doesn’t make payments or concessions to kidnappers.
People trafficking groups operate in:
- the south and east of Sudan along the border with Eritrea and Ethiopia
- some northern states
Climate and natural disasters
Sudan can experience severe weather, including:
- high temperatures
- sand and dust storms
Recent heavy rainfall has intensified in Sudan, causing flooding, displacement and deaths. Ensure you check local weather reports, avoid flood affected areas and adhere to instructions by local authorities.
The temperature in Sudan can be extremely high. It can reach more than 50˚C.
Sudan experiences regular sand and dust storms.
The rainy season is from July to October. Seasonal flooding can affect overland travel and reduce the provision of essential services. Roads may become impassable and bridges damaged.
To protect yourself if severe weather is approaching:
- secure your passport in a safe, waterproof location
- monitor local media and other sources, such as the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System
- follow the advice of local authorities
- keep in contact with your friends and family
Make sure you have comprehensive travel insurance for the whole time you’ll be away.
Confirm what activities and care your policy covers, including in terms of health and travel disruptions. Your policy needs to cover all overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation: the Australian Government won’t pay for these costs.
If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. This applies to everyone, no matter how healthy and fit you are.
If you're not insured, you may have to pay many 1000s of dollars up-front for medical care.
You're likely to need a specialised insurance policy for travel to a 'do not travel' destination. Some Australian insurance policies may not cover you for travel to 'do not travel' destination.
Physical and mental health
Consider your physical and mental health before you travel, especially if you have an existing medical condition. Consider whether you may be in a vulnerable category for COVID-19.
See your doctor or travel clinic to:
- have a basic health check-up
- ask if your travel plans may affect your health
- plan any vaccinations you need
Do this at least eight weeks before you leave.
Not all medication available over the counter or by prescription in Australia is available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
If you plan to bring medication, check if it's legal in Sudan. Take enough legal medication for your trip.
Carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating:
- what the medication is
- how much you'll take
- that it's for personal use
Sudan is experiencing an outbreak of Cholera and vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV). Polio cases have been reported in the following States: Blue Nile, Gezira, Red Sea, West Darfur and East Darfur.
COVID-19 remains a risk in Sudan.
You should consult your local health professional for advice on vaccine options, including assistance that may be available locally. The Australian Government cannot provide advice on the safety, quality and efficacy of vaccines that have been approved for use outside of Australia's regulatory process.
Yellow fever (World Health Organization) is widespread in Sudan. Yellow fever is a potentially fatal virus spread by mosquitoes. It's prevented by vaccination. Get vaccinated before you travel.
Malaria (World Health Organization) is a year-round risk.
Other insect-borne diseases include these listed by the World Health Organization:
To protect yourself from disease:
- make sure your accommodation is insect-proof
- use insect repellent
- wear long, loose, light-coloured clothing
Seek medical advice if you have a fever, muscle pain, rash or severe headache.
Consider taking medication to prevent malaria.
HIV/AIDS (World Health Organization) is common.
Take steps to reduce your risk of exposure to the virus.
If you're exposed to a risk of infection get immediate medical assistance outside Sudan. This includes if you are the victim of a violent crime or sexual assault.
Other infectious diseases
Sudan is currently experiencing an outbreak of Cholera.
Waterborne, foodborne, parasitic and other infectious diseases are common. Including these listed by the World Health Organization:
- polio (poliomyelitis)
- viral hemorrhagic fevers
- Rift Valley fever
Serious outbreaks sometimes occur.
To protect yourself from illness:
- drink boiled water or bottled water with sealed lids
- don't swim in fresh water
- avoid contact with dogs and other mammals
If you're bitten or scratched by an animal, get medical help straight away.
Seek medical advice if you have a fever or diarrhoea.
Medical facilities are basic in Khartoum and inadequate elsewhere.
You'll need to pay cash before doctors and hospitals will treat you.
If you become ill or injured, you'll need to be evacuated to a place with better facilities. Medical evacuation can be very expensive.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that may appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for drug offences are severe.
Sudan follows Islamic sharia law.
Seek legal advice about family law matters, including divorce, custody and child support.
Be aware of your rights and responsibilities.
Serious crime, such as murder, can attract the death penalty.
Some offences attract physical punishment such as lashes.
In Sudan it's illegal to:
- have same-sex relationships
- have extra-marital relations
- try to convert a Muslim to Christianity
In July 2020, the Sudanese authorities amended the law on alcohol to allow consumption by non-Muslims, but not in the company of Muslims.
You need a permit for photography of any kind.
Even with a permit, you can't photograph:
- military areas
- broadcast stations
- public utilities
- slum areas
Some Australian criminal laws still apply when you’re overseas. If you break these laws, you may face prosecution in Australia.
There are strong Islamic codes of dress and behaviour in Sudan.
If you're a woman, wear a headscarf and loose clothing to cover the arms and legs.
Take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
The Islamic holiday month of Ramadan is observed in Sudan. Respect religious and cultural customs and laws at this time.
During Ramadan, eating, drinking and smoking may be illegal in public during the day. If you're not fasting, avoid these activities around people who are. Seek local advice to avoid offence.
Explore our Ramadan page to learn more, including dates for Ramadan.
You need a visa to enter Sudan.
Getting a visa can take several months. Visas are not granted automatically.
Visitors on a single entry visa need to obtain an exit visa to leave the country. However, this is not always enforced. You can get an exit visa at the airport. You should be ready to show proof of your sponsor and pay the exit visa fee. Visa and other entry and exit conditions can change at short notice. This includes currency, customs and quarantine.
Contact the Embassy of Sudan for details.
Yellow fever vaccination
You may need a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter Sudan. Some airlines may want to see one when you leave.
Find out about returning to Australia after exposure to yellow fever (Department of Health).
- Countries with a risk of yellow fever (PDF 74KB) (World Health Organisation)
Other entry requirements
If your passport has an Israeli visa or Israeli entry/exit stamps you won’t be allowed to enter Sudan. This can happen even if you have a valid Sudanese visa.
Register with the Aliens Registration Office, Ministry of the Interior, west of the presidential palace, within three days of arrival in Khartoum. You’ll need at least two passport size photos. If you don’t register within three days of arrival, you may be fined. Some of the larger hotels will do this for you, but you should ask when you check-in.
Carry photo identification with you at all times.
In 2020, Sudan introduced new laws to allow women to travel with their children outside of the country without consent of the children’s father.
Airport departure taxes apply.
Land borders between Sudan and many countries are effectively closed.
The Wadi Halfa ferry through Lake Nasser between Egypt and Sudan is open but can close without notice.
Check with local authorities on the rules and regulations governing this crossing.
The status of land borders between Sudan and South Sudan often change without notice.
Following the military takeover on 25 October 2021, there are disruptions to international flights into and out of Sudan. Check with your airline prior to travel.
Sudanese authorities require that you provide evidence of a negative PCR test taken within 72hrs of arrival into Sudan and departure from Sudan. Children 6 years old and younger are exempt. Check with your airline regarding testing and other requirements
Local authorities have removed all national COVID-19 restrictions. There remains the possibility of curfews, travel restrictions or other measures being re-introduced at short notice. Regularly check the advice of local authorities.
If you're remaining in Sudan:
- follow the advice of local authorities
- take care to protect yourself from exposure to COVID-19
- ensure you have arrangements in place for an extended stay
- keep in contact with family and friends so they know you're safe and well.
Some countries won’t let you enter unless your passport is valid for 6 months after you plan to leave that country. It can apply even if you’re just transiting or stopping over.
Some foreign governments and airlines apply the rule inconsistently. Travellers can receive conflicting advice from different sources.
You can end up stranded if your passport is not valid for more than six months.
The Australian Government does not set these rules. Check your passport’s expiry date before you travel. If you’re not sure it’ll be valid for long enough, consider getting a new passport.
Lost or stolen passport
Your passport is a valuable document. It's attractive to people who may try to use your identity to commit crimes.
Some people may try to trick you into giving them your passport. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, tell the Australian Government as soon as possible.
The local currency is the Sudanese Pound (SDG). You can’t convert outside the country and it’s illegal to export it.
Sudan operates on a cash only economy. Credit and debit cards are not accepted, even at large hotels. Make sure you have enough cash with you. Take unmarked US dollars dated from 2006.
ATMs only accept local bank cards. Western Union only operates in Khartoum.
Change money through banks or official exchange bureaus. It’s illegal to exchange currency outside of official banking channels. You could be fined or go to prison.
Travel outside Khartoum
To travel outside of the greater Khartoum area, get a permit from the Ministry of Tourism. The Aliens Department at the Ministry of Interiors will send you a copy of the permit. To travel to Darfur, you need a separate travel permit. It’s extremely difficult to obtain permits for destinations within west Sudan, unless you work for a registered humanitarian organisation or diplomatic mission.
Authorities strictly enforce permit regulations and they may ask for a copies of documents. Carry at least three copies of your travel permit, visa and passport at all times.
You must register with the Aliens Department at the Ministry of the Interior within 72 hours of arriving in Sudan. You must also register with local police within 24 hours of arrival anywhere outside Khartoum.
You’ll need a valid international driving permit (IDP). Get your IDP before you leave Australia.
Following the military takeover on 25 October 2021, there are roadblocks and checkpoints throughout Khartoum. If you encounter a roadblock, remain calm and seek an alternative route. Do not attempt to force your way through it.
Road traffic accidents are common. If you use public transport or vehicles for hire such as rickshaws and ‘amjad minivans’, you are at higher risk.
Road conditions are poor and many roads, even major ones, are unsealed or have potholes.
Roads are shared by pedestrians, donkey-carts and rickshaws. At night, there is generally no street lighting and many vehicles have no lights.
Roads in Khartoum are better than the rest of the country but high speeds contribute to serious accidents.
Crowds can gather following accidents and can become violent.
Landmines and unexploded remnants of war are a danger, particularly in the Eastern States and Southern Kordofan. Use main roads and paths labelled as cleared by a competent de-mining authority.
To protect yourself if you drive in Sudan:
- verify local security and road conditions
- seek local advice on possible routes
- check your insurance cover
- learn local traffic laws and practices
- make contingency plans
Check with your travel insurer whether your policy covers riding a motorbike.
Always wear a helmet.
Use registered taxis and limousines. Book these through your hotel.
Take care when travelling alone at night.
Avoid using public transport as safety and maintenance standards are poor.
Piracy occurs in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.
All forms of shipping are attractive to pirates, including:
- commercial vessels
- pleasure craft
- luxury cruise liners
To protect yourself when travelling by boat:
- check the International Maritime Bureau piracy reports
- be alert to threats
- exercise extreme caution
All Sudanese-registered airlines are banned from operating in European airspace.
There have been hijackings in the past.
DFAT doesn’t provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths.
Check Sudan's air safety profile with the Aviation Safety Network.
Depending on what you need, you could contact your:
- family and friends
- travel agent
- insurance provider
Fire and rescue services
Call 333 or go to the hospital.
Call 999 or visit the police station.
Always get a police report when you report a crime.
Your insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Contact your provider with any complaints about tourist services or products.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
Australia doesn't have an embassy in Sudan.
You can get consular assistance from the Australian Embassy in Egypt.
Australian Embassy, Cairo
11th floor, North Tower, World Trade Centre
1191 Corniche El Nil
Phone: +20 2 2770 6600
Fax: +20 2 2770 6650
Facebook Australia in Egypt
See the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures.
The British Embassy in Khartoum provides limited consular assistance for Australians, in coordination with the Australian Embassy in Cairo.
Off Sharia Al Baladia
(PO Box no.801)
Phone: +249 183 777 105
Fax: +249 183 776 457, +249 183 775 562
24-hour Consular Emergency Centre
In a consular emergency, if you can't contact an embassy, call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on:
- +61 2 6261 3305 from overseas
- 1300 555 135 in Australia