- We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in Indonesia, including Bali, at this time due to the high threat of terrorist attack. You should also be aware of the severe penalties for narcotics offences, including the death penalty; some specific health risks; and risks associated with natural disasters.
- Pay close attention to your personal security at all times and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks.
- Parliamentary elections were held across Indonesia on 9 April 2014. Should there be protests, demonstrations and political rallies following the election, we recommend that you monitor local media and avoid all such events as they can turn violent with little notice. You should also maintain a high level of vigilance and security awareness in the period immediately following the elections. Presidential elections are also scheduled later in 2014.
- We continue to receive information that indicates that terrorists may be planning attacks in Indonesia, which could take place at any time.
- Terrorist groups remain active throughout Indonesia despite police disruptions. Police continue to conduct operations against these groups and have stated publicly that terrorist suspects remaining at large may seek to attack Western targets.
- You should exercise particular caution around locations that have a low level of protective security and avoid places known to be possible terrorist targets. See the Safety and security section of this advice for details.
- Terrorists have previously attacked or planned to attack places where Westerners gather, including nightclubs, bars, restaurants, international hotels, airports and places of worship in Bali, Jakarta and elsewhere in Indonesia. These types of venues could be targeted again.
- The Australian Embassy in Jakarta periodically experiences demonstration activity. Australians should expect traffic delays and restricted access to and from the Australian Embassy in Jakarta during demonstration activity. You should telephone ahead for an appointment before going to the Australian Embassy (See Where to get help section).
- You should monitor local media and avoid all protests, demonstrations and rallies as they can turn violent with little notice. You should also maintain a high level of vigilance and security awareness.
- Indonesia is subject to a range of natural disasters including volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis and floods. You should pay close attention to emergency procedures and monitor local warnings.
- Visitors to Indonesia, particularly to tourist locations such as Bali and Lombok, should be aware of the specific risks from crime, and from drink-spiking and consumption of alcohol adulterated with harmful substances such as methanol. Tourists may also be exposed to scams and credit card/ATM fraud (see under Crime for more information).
- Petty crime, such as opportunistic theft, is common in Indonesia. Thieves on motorcycles may snatch handbags and backpacks from pedestrians. Tourists may be exposed to scams and confidence tricks in Indonesia. Legal disputes are common regarding the purchase of real estate including land, houses, holiday clubs and time share schemes.
- You should exercise normal beach safety behaviour and consider carefully the risks involved in using motorcycles, including licence and insurance issues (see under Local travel for more information).
- Visitors should be aware that there is a risk of rabies throughout Indonesia, in particular Bali and Nias. See under Health for advice to Australians travelling to or resident in Indonesia.
- We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Central Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua and West Papua provinces where additional safety and security risks exist. Since October 2012, a number of violent incidents have been reported in Poso, Central Sulawesi.
- Since July 2009, there has been a series of violent attacks in the area around the Freeport Mine in Papua province. A number of these incidents have resulted in deaths, including of one Australian. Attacks were reported in the area in December 2013 and January 2014. Further such attacks could occur. Information indicates that attacks may be planned near the area of operation of the Freeport mine.
- Ongoing violence in Puncak Jaya District in Papua Province has led to a number of deaths in recent years, including most recently in November 2013 in Mulia and in January 2014 in Kulirik. There is a possibility of further attacks in Papua and West Papua provinces, including attacks on infrastructure and national institutions.
- Because of the high threat of terrorist attack in Indonesia we strongly recommend that you register your travel and contact details with us so we can contact you in an emergency.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
Entry and exit
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) change regularly. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Indonesia for the most up-to-date information.
You should ensure you have the correct, current visa at all times, otherwise you may be fined, jailed, deported or banned from re-entering Indonesia for a period of time.
Visitors may be granted a 30-day visa on arrival for a fee of USD25 (this is not available to foreigners entering Indonesia through the land border between Timor Leste (East Timor) and Indonesian West Timor or to foreigners entering Indonesian West Papua). Some airlines flying from Australia to Jakarta and Bali may offer a visa processing service on board the flight.
Visitors travelling on an Emergency Passport will only be able to enter Indonesia if they have obtained a visa from an Embassy or Consulate of Indonesia.
Visas are non-transferable, but may be extended once for an additional 30 days without leaving the country. The period of stay for visas is calculated from the day of arrival. Part days are counted as whole days. Fines are imposed for each additional day in Indonesia.
If you are staying in a private residence (not a hotel), you are required to register with the local Rukun Tetangga (RT) Office and the local police when you arrive. If you plan to be in Indonesia for more than 90 days, you must register with the local immigration office and hold the correct visa.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia. You should also carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
All persons departing Indonesia are required to pay 150,000 IDR Departure Tax (in Indonesian currency) at the point of departure.
Safety and security
We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in Indonesia, including Bali, due to the high threat of terrorist attack.
We continue to receive information that indicates that terrorists may be planning attacks in Indonesia, which could take place at any time. Since 2010, police have disrupted a number of terrorist groups in Jakarta, Central Java, East Java, West Java, Bali, Central Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara, Lampung, Banten, and North and South Sumatra.
In March 2012, police disrupted a terrorist cell in Bali. Since October 2012 there have been a number of terrorist-related incidents in Poso, Central Sulawesi, including a blast that killed two police officers and a suicide bomb attack against the police headquarters in June 2013. In October 2012, police disrupted a terrorist network planning several attacks, including at US diplomatic missions in Jakarta and Surabaya and the Plaza 89 building in Kuningan, Jakarta, which is located close to the Australian Embassy.
In January 2013 police disrupted terrorist groups in Bima, West Nusa Tenggara and Makassar, South Sulawesi. Police also disrupted a terrorist group in Poso, Central Sulawesi. Since May 2013, police disrupted terrorist suspects at multiple locations across Java and Sumatra. They also made several arrests and seized bomb making material from suspected terrorists who were involved in the targeting of the Embassy of Myanmar in Jakarta. In August 2013, bombs exploded at a Buddhist monastery in West Jakarta, injuring one person.
Police continue to conduct operations against these groups. Police have stated publicly that terrorist suspects remain at large and that they may seek to attack Western targets.
Terrorists have previously attacked or planned to attack places where Westerners gather including nightclubs, bars, restaurants, international hotels, airports and places of worship in Bali, Jakarta and elsewhere in Indonesia. These types of venues could be targeted again. In planning your activities, consider the kind of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided at venues.
You should take particular care to avoid places known to be terrorist targets. Tourist areas and attractions throughout Indonesia and tourists travelling to or from these places, including those in tour groups or tour buses, could be targeted. Other possible targets include clubs, sporting clubs and venues, international fast food outlets, Western-branded venues, cinemas, theatres, Jakarta's embassy district and diplomatic missions elsewhere, international schools, expatriate housing compounds and Western interests and businesses. Places frequented by foreigners, central business areas, office buildings, airlines, public transport and transport hubs, shopping centres, premises and symbols associated with the Indonesian Government, and outdoor recreation events are also potential targets.
Suicide attacks against locations frequented by foreigners in Bali and Jakarta, such as the 2002 and 2005 Bali bombings and bomb attack outside the Australian Embassy in Jakarta in September 2004, have killed and injured many people.
In July 2009, terrorists detonated bombs at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel and the JW Marriott Hotel in Mega Kuningan, Jakarta. Australians were among those killed and injured. The JW Marriott Hotel was also attacked in August 2003. While an attack on Western interests in Indonesia has not occurred since July 2009, we assess that terrorist groups remain interested in carrying out such attacks.
There were suicide attacks on places of worship in April and September 2011 at a mosque in Cirebon, West Java, and at a church in Solo (Surakarta), Central Java. One person was killed and a number of people were injured in these attacks.
A number of recent attacks have targeted Indonesian government facilities, including police stations and checkpoints.
On New Year’s Eve 2014, six suspected terrorists were killed during a police raid on the outskirts of Jakarta.
Analysts consider that gatherings of Westerners over Christmas, New Year and other holiday periods could be appealing targets for terrorists. You should be particularly vigilant during the period surrounding local observances and holiday periods.
On some occasions where high profile extremists have been detained or killed, there has been a strong response from some supporters in Indonesia, including acts of violence.
If you are evacuated from a building for security reasons (such as a bomb threat), you should not gather outside with a large group. Terrorists have been known to conduct secondary attacks targeting bystanders and those who come to help. Instead, you should immediately move to a safe location and only return to the building when authorised to do so.
As a consequence of the security environment, security at the Australian Embassy in Jakarta and the Consulate-General in Bali remains at a high level. The Australian Embassy has advised its staff and their families to be particularly careful in how they travel to and from the Embassy.
For security reasons, staff at the Australian Embassy in Jakarta have been directed not to live in apartments which are co-located with, adjacent to or closely associated with international hotels that have been and may continue to be terrorist targets.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. You can find more information about this threat in our General advice to Australian travellers.
Civil unrest/political tension
The Australian Embassy in Jakarta periodically experiences demonstration activity. Australians should expect traffic delays and restricted access to and from the Australian Embassy in Jakarta during any demonstration activity. You should telephone ahead for an appointment before going to the Australian Embassy (See Where to get help section).
Parliamentary elections were held across Indonesia on 9 April 2014. Should there be protests, demonstrations and political rallies following the election, we recommend that you monitor local media and avoid all such events as they can turn violent with little notice. You should also maintain a high level of vigilance and security awareness in the period immediately following the elections. Presidential elections are also scheduled later in 2014.
Australians in Indonesia should be aware that judicial processes, including trials of extremists and the implementation of sentences, could prompt a strong reaction from their supporters such as demonstrations and acts of violence.
A number of areas in Indonesia are subject to ongoing inter-communal and sectarian tensions that have the potential to spill over into violence. Inter-communal and sectarian violence resulting in a number of deaths has occurred in Central Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua and West Papua provinces in recent times. There is a risk of further violence in these areas. There have also been recent outbreaks of localised violence directed at minority groups elsewhere, including in West Java.
Central Sulawesi Province: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Central Sulawesi as there have previously been outbreaks of communal violence, bomb attacks and shootings in this province.
Following recent violence, enhanced security measures have been implemented throughout Central Sulawesi, including in Poso. There is a risk of further violence.
Maluku: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Maluku province due to outbreaks of sectarian violence. Clashes in Ambon in September 2011 resulted in several deaths. The security situation could again deteriorate quickly.
Papua and West Papua: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Papua and West Papua provinces due to tensions associated with anti-government groups or local political factors. These tensions have led to violence in the past, and may lead to further violence. If you are travelling to Papua and West Papua provinces for reasons other than tourism, you will require a travel permit (Surat Keterangan Jalan). Permits can be obtained from the National Police Headquarters in Jakarta. Applications may take some time to process.
Since late May 2012, there have been a number of violent attacks in and around Jayapura, in which a number of people have been killed and several injured, including one foreign national. There is a risk of further attacks.
In recent years there has been a series of violent attacks in the area around the Freeport Mine in Papua province, including attacks on vehicles using the Grasberg to Timika road. A number of these incidents resulted in deaths, including of one Australian. Attacks were reported in the area in March and April 2013. Further such attacks could occur. Information indicates that attacks may be planned near the area of operation of the Freeport mine.
Ongoing violence in Puncak Jaya District in Papua Province has led to a number of deaths in recent years, including most recently in November 2013 in Mulia and in January 2014 in Kulirik. There is a possibility of further attacks in Papua and West Papua provinces, including on infrastructure and national institutions.
Sexual assault, food and drink spiking, assault and robbery against foreigners have occurred in Indonesia, including around popular tourist locations in Bali. Victims of serious sexual assault are strongly encouraged to seek prompt medical assistance. For a criminal investigation to be initiated by the police, a victim needs to make a full statement to the police. In some instances a sworn statement by the victim and any witnesses can be used as evidence for criminal court proceedings. As such, victims and overseas witnesses are not always required to be present in Indonesia for subsequent trial proceedings. See our Sexual Assault Overseas page for further information on how to avoid becoming a victim of sexual assault and the assistance available to victims.
Before going out to bars and nightclubs in Indonesia, see our Partying Overseas page for advice on the risks you may face and tips on how to avoid becoming a victim.
Petty crime, such as opportunistic theft, is common. Violence is sometimes used. Thieves on motorcycles may snatch handbags and backpacks from pedestrians. Bag snatching in upmarket shopping malls and on crowded public transport has occurred. Thefts from cars stopped at traffic lights have been reported and tourists have been robbed while repairing car tyres punctured by criminals.
Credit card and ATM fraud occurs in Indonesia. You should monitor transactions statements and use ATMs in secure locations such as banks, shops or malls.
Tourists may be exposed to scams and confidence tricks. Travellers have reported losing large sums of money in card game scams and other fraudulent activity, including in Bali. In Bali, legal disputes are common regarding the purchase of real estate including land, houses, holiday clubs and time share schemes. Australians should thoroughly research and obtain legal advice on any proposals before entering into an agreement or providing personal financial details. See our International Scams page for further information.
There have been reports of tourists being robbed after bringing visitors back to their hotel rooms. In some cases, the victims' drinks were spiked.
Cases of robbery and temporary confinement in taxis have previously been reported in urban areas, including in Jakarta. Victims have been forced to withdraw funds from credit or debit cards at ATMs to obtain their release. Lone female travellers appear most vulnerable. You should only use official taxi companies that can be booked by phone or from stands at major hotels and from inside the airport. You should check taxis carefully as unscrupulous operators have vehicles that look similar to those run by reputable companies. If you are caught up in an incident involving a taxi, you should seek to leave the taxi and the immediate area if it is safe to do so.
Money and valuables
Before you go, organise a variety of ways to access your money overseas, such as credit cards, travellers' cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards and keep these in separate places (i.e. not in the same wallet). Australian currency and travellers' cheques are not accepted in many countries. Consult with your bank to find out which is the most appropriate currency to carry and whether your ATM card will work overseas.
Make two photocopies of valuables such as your passport, tickets, visas and travellers' cheques. Keep one copy with you in a separate place to the original and leave another copy with someone at home. You should carry a copy of your passport with you for identification purposes.
While travelling, don't carry too much cash and remember that expensive watches, jewellery and cameras may be tempting targets for thieves.
You should only use licensed money changers and count the cash given to you.
As a sensible precaution against luggage tampering, including theft, lock your luggage. Information on luggage safety is available from the Civil Aviation Safety Authority.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport. If your passport is lost or stolen overseas, report it online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
You are required to pay an additional fee to have a lost or stolen passport replaced. In some cases, the Government may also restrict the length of validity or type of replacement passports.
Tourist areas, including Bali:
Rough seas and strong currents have led to numerous drownings in coastal areas, including in Bali and other tourist locations. You should respect local warnings and consult relevant local information sources about potential water hazards. You should also be aware that local beach rescue services may not be of the same standard as in Australia.
A number of foreigners, including Australians, have been killed or seriously injured in motorcycle accidents in tourist areas, particularly in Bali. If you hire a motorcycle you should seek advice on any restrictions that may apply (such as insurance cover if you are not licensed to ride a motorcycle in Australia). You should check with your travel insurer whether these activities are covered by your policy. Motorcycle riders and their passengers must wear a correctly fastened and approved helmet. Fines may be imposed for non-compliance. In the event of an accident, foreigners may be assumed to be at fault and expected to make financial restitution to all other parties. For further advice, see our road travel page.
The safety standards you might expect of service providers, such as hotels, restaurants, retail outlets, transport and tour operators, including for adventure activities (e.g. scuba diving, rafting, surfing and bungee jumping), are not always met. If you intend participating in adventure activities, you should check if the activity is covered by your insurance policy.
Eruption of Mt Kelud:
On 13 February 2014 the Mt Kelud volcano in Kediri district of East Java erupted, causing significant damage, displacement of local populations and disruption to domestic and international aviation. Domestic airports have now reopened but Australians in Indonesia should be aware that any further volcanic activity could result in further disruption to domestic and international aviation, including for Bali. An exclusion zone remains around Mt Kelud. Volcanic ash could cause breathing difficulties, particularly for people with chronic respiratory ailments such as asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis. Contact your travel agent, tour operator or airline for information on any continuing disruption to flights and to facilities in the affected area.
Other parts of Indonesia:
Traffic can be extremely congested and road users may not drive in a predictable or safe manner. Headlights may often not be used until it is completely dark.
Public transport, including buses, rail and ferries, is often crowded, poorly maintained and may have limited safety equipment. In recent years, there has been a series of inter-island ferry accidents with significant loss of life. The wet season, between October and March, may increase the risks of sea travel.
Mountain treks, including some on Mt Rinjani in Lombok, are only suited to experienced climbers. We recommend you travel with a guide and seek information on the level of difficulty.
Fatal air crashes involving the Indonesian carrier Susi Air occurred in September 2011, November 2011 and April 2012. Australian officials in Indonesia have been directed not to use Susi Air for official travel until further notice.
The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) through its foreign assessment program focuses on a country's ability, not the individual airline, to adhere to international standards and recommended practices for aircraft operations and maintenance established by ICAO. The FAA has determined that Indonesia's Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is not in compliance with ICAO safety standards for the oversight of Indonesia's air carrier operations. For more information, visit the FAA website. The US Embassy in Jakarta has advised Americans travelling to and from Indonesia to fly directly to their destination on international carriers whenever possible.
The European Union (EU) has published a list of airlines subject to operating bans or restrictions within the EU. While all Indonesian airlines were included on the list in July 2007, four carriers (Garuda Indonesia, Airfast Indonesia, Mandala Airlines and Ekspress Transportasi Antarbenua (trading as PremiAir)) were taken off the list in July 2009. To see the list, visit the EU website.
CASA assesses the safety of all aircraft flying within, to and from Australia. CASA has certified Garuda Indonesia and Air Asia to operate flights between Australia and Indonesia. CASA cannot assess the safety of any Indonesian carriers operating within Indonesia or to countries other than Australia.
For further information on aviation safety and security, please refer to our air travel page.
When you are in Indonesia be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you. If you are arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you but we cannot get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the Consular Services Charter.
Under Indonesian law, you must carry identification (an Australian passport, Kartu Ijin Tinggal Sementara (KITAS) or Residents Stay Permit) at all times.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and include the death penalty. Penalties for possession of even small amounts of recreational drugs include heavy fines and imprisonment. Police target illegal drug use and possession across Indonesia, in particular popular places and venues in Bali and Jakarta.
Serious crimes, such as murder and piracy, may attract the death penalty.
Gambling is illegal. Tourists have fallen victim to organised gambling gangs, particularly in Bali, resulting in the loss of large sums of money and threats of violence if travellers are unable to pay the debt.
Some aspects of Sharia (Islamic) Law have been introduced in Aceh and are enforced by local Sharia police. Travellers should seek to inform themselves of relevant provisions. Visit the Indonesian Embassy website for further information.
You should obey signs that prohibit photography. If in doubt, seek advice from local officials.
To drive in Indonesia, you will require an Indonesian or international driver's licence appropriate to the type of vehicle. An Australian licence is not sufficient.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, child pornography, forced marriage, female genital mutilation and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 17 years imprisonment for Australians who engage in sexual activity with children under 16 while outside of Australia.
Under Indonesian law, foreigners cannot own real estate. If you are considering buying property in Indonesia, you should first seek advice from a legal authority.
There are conservative standards of dress and behaviour in many parts of Indonesia. You should find out what customs are observed in your destination and take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
During Ramadan, eating, drinking and smoking between sunrise and sunset is forbidden for Muslims.
Information for dual nationals
Indonesia's citizenship legislation permits children born to an Indonesian parent and a foreign parent to maintain citizenship of both countries until their 18th birthday. For more information, contact your nearest Embassy or Consulate of Indonesia or visit Indonesia's the Department of Law and Human Rights website (in Indonesian).
Our Dual nationals page provides further information for dual nationals.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
Measles cases in Australians returning from Bali: In October and November 2013, there were measles cases diagnosed in Australians returning from recent travel to Bali. Full protection for measles requires two doses of vaccine four weeks apart. Australians with symptoms of measles should seek medical attention (as measles is highly infectious you should call ahead before attending a health care facility).
Magic mushrooms: We strongly recommend you do not consume ‘Magic mushrooms’ in any form. Whilst not illegal and widely available in places such as Bali, ‘Magic mushrooms’ can cause major health problems such as severe hallucinations, erratic behaviour, anxiety and even psychosis. A number of Australians have been injured, fallen sick and come to the attention of police through erratic behaviour after consuming ‘Magic mushrooms’ in Bali.
Poisoning from alcoholic drinks containing methanol: There have been cases of poisoning in Indonesia, most notably in Bali and Lombok, from alcoholic drinks adulterated with harmful substances, particularly methanol. Locals and foreigners, including Australians, have died or have become seriously ill. Cases have usually involved local spirits and spirit-based drinks, such as cocktails, but supposed brand name alcohol can also be adulterated. A number of deaths have also been reported after drinking adulterated arak – a traditional rice-based spirit.
You should consider the risks when consuming alcoholic beverages in Indonesia, particularly cocktails and drinks made with spirits. Drink only at reputable licensed premises and avoid home-made alcoholic drinks. You should be aware that the labelling on bottles may not be accurate and that substitution of contents can occur.
If you suspect that you or a companion may have been poisoned, you need to act quickly and get urgent medical attention. Symptoms of methanol poisoning can include fatigue, headaches and nausea, similar to the effects as excessive drinking, but with pronounced vision problems that may include blurred or snowfield vision, flashes of light, tunnel vision, changes in colour perception, dilated pupils, difficulty looking at bright lights, or blindness. If you suspect that you, or anyone you are travelling with, have been affected by methanol or other poisoning, it is imperative that you seek immediate medical attention, which could be vital in avoiding permanent disability or death. All suspected cases of methanol poisoning should be reported to the Indonesian police.
Mosquito-borne illnesses: Mosquito-borne and other insect borne illnesses are common throughout the year. Malaria (including chloroquine-resistant strains) is prevalent throughout rural areas, but is uncommon in Jakarta. Dengue fever occurs throughout Indonesia, including in Bali and the major cities, and is particularly common during the rainy season. In recent years Australian Health authorities have observed an increase in the number of dengue virus infections in returned travellers from Bali. There is no vaccination or specific treatment available for dengue. Outbreaks of chikungunya have been reported, while Japanese encephalitis and filariasis are also present, particularly in rural agricultural areas. We encourage you to consider taking prophylaxis against malaria where necessary, ensure your accommodation is mosquito proof and take measures to avoid insect bites, including using an insect repellent at all times and wearing long, loose fitting, light coloured clothing.
Rabies: There is a risk of rabies throughout Indonesia, in particular Bali and nearby islands and Nias (off the coast of Sumatra). A number of people with rabies like symptoms have died in recent years after being bitten by dogs. Rabies is almost always spread by an animal bite but can also be spread when a rabid animal’s saliva gets directly into the eyes, nose, mouth, or broken skin. Visitors are strongly advised to avoid direct contact with dogs and other mammals, including monkeys. Travellers should be aware that between January 2010 and June 2013 bites or scratches from monkeys in Bali comprised approximately 47% of all cases where Australians were potentially exposed to rabies while overseas and were treated with rabies immunoglobulin on return to Australia. To avoid potential exposure you should not feed or pat monkeys, even in popular markets, tourist destinations and sanctuaries where you may be encouraged to interact with monkeys.
If bitten or scratched, you should immediately use soap and water to wash the wound thoroughly and seek urgent medical attention. Availability of post-exposure rabies treatment in Indonesia may be limited, which may require bite victims to return to Australia or travel to a third country for immediate treatment. If you are planning to stay in Indonesia for a prolonged period or to work with animals, you should consult your doctor or travel clinic about obtaining a pre-exposure rabies vaccination. See our our health page for further information.
Other diseases and health issues: Water-borne, food-borne, parasitic and other infectious diseases (including cholera, hepatitis, measles, typhoid and tuberculosis) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. You should also be aware that illness caused by naturally occurring seafood toxins such as ciguatera, as well as scombroid (histamine fish poisoning) and toxins in shellfish can be a hazard (for more information see Queensland Health’s fact sheet). Seek urgent medical attention if you suspect poisoning.
Other diseases (including HIV/AIDS and polio) are a risk for travellers.
We advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, and avoid ice cubes and uncooked food. Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
Avoid temporary 'black henna' tattoos as they often contain a dye which can cause serious skin reactions. For further information see the Australasian College of Dermatologists' website. See our General advice to Australian travellers for information on health risks.
Medical facilities are generally below Western standards and in many regions hospitals provide only basic facilities. Hospitals often require confirmation of medical insurance cover or up-front payment prior to providing any services, including emergency care. In the event of a serious illness or accident, medical evacuation to Singapore or Australia is recommended and may cost between $A15,000 to $A90,000, depending on circumstances and location.
Decompression chambers are located at Bali's Sanglah General Hospital and hospitals in Jakarta and Manado.
Smoke haze: It is typical for there to be a smoke haze across much of the north-west part of the archipelago from July to October. This can also be a problem at other times of the year. Kalimantan and Sumatra are generally the worst affected areas. You should be aware the smoke haze could affect your health and travel plans. A current smoke haze map can be seen on the ASEAN Haze Action Online website.
Avian influenza: The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed human deaths from avian influenza in Indonesia, including Bali. See our health page and Avian Influenza bulletin for further information on influenza.
Where to get help
Access to the Australian Embassy in Jakarta is by appointment only. An appointment for consular services can be made by calling +62 21 2550 5500 or +62 21 2550 5555.
Jalan H R Rasuna Said Kav C 15-16
Jakarta Selatan 12940 INDONESIA
Telephone: +62 21 2550 5555
Facsimile: +62 21 2550 5467
In Bali, you can obtain consular assistance from:
Australian Consulate General
Jalan Tantular 32
Denpasar Bali 80234 INDONESIA
Telephone: +62 361 241 118
Facsimile: + 62 361 221 195 (general enquiries)
Facsimile: +62 361 241 120 (visa enquiries)
If you are travelling to Indonesia, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we strongly recommend you register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency – whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the Embassy, Consulate General or the Consulate, you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
In Australia, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Canberra may be contacted on (02) 6261 3305.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Floods and mudslides: Floods and mudslides occur regularly throughout Indonesia during the wet season from October to March. Previous floods have caused deaths and the displacement of people. Heavy rains often result in wide areas of the greater Jakarta region being significantly affected by flood waters. Key services, such as transport, telecommunications, emergency and medical care, and the supply of food and water are often disrupted during flood events. The high risk of contracting a water-borne disease may persist after the water recedes. Walking and driving in flooded areas can be dangerous due to uncovered drainage ditches obscured by water.
Volcanoes: There are a number of active volcanoes in Indonesia. You should be aware that volcanoes can erupt at any time and have caused widespread loss of life and destruction in the past. Alert levels can be raised and evacuations ordered at short notice. Volcanic ash clouds have caused disruptions to airports and flights between Australia and Bali have been cancelled or redirected in the past. Travellers are advised to verify schedules with the airline before departure. Mt Sinabung in North Sumatra erupted on 1 February 2014 with local authorities reporting 16 fatalities.
The Mt Kelud volcano in Kediri district of East Java erupted on 13 February 2014 causing significant damage, displacement and disruption to aviation. Indonesian authorities have raised the alert level for Mt Kelud to level 4, the highest available level. See under Local travel for more information.
If you plan to travel to an area near an active volcano, you should check the Indonesian Directorate of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation's daily updates on the status and alert level and the Smithsonian Institution's weekly updates.
Earthquakes: Indonesia is in an active earthquake region with a high level of earthquake activity, sometimes triggering tsunamis.
Strong earthquakes can occur anywhere in Indonesia, but are less common in Kalimantan and south-west Sulawesi. In 2013, the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency recorded 6 earthquakes with magnitude 6.5 or greater that occurred within, or near, Indonesia resulting in deaths, injuries or significant damage. In addition, almost 250 earthquakes with a magnitude of at least 5.0 occurred across the Indonesian region in 2013.
Tsunamis: All oceanic regions of the world can experience tsunamis, but in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, there is a more frequent occurrence of large, destructive tsunamis because of the many large earthquakes along major tectonic plate boundaries and ocean trenches. See the Tsunami Awareness brochure.
In the event of a natural disaster, you should follow the advice of local authorities. More information is available from the Humanitarian Early Warning Service.
For general information and tips on travelling with children see our Travelling with children page.