Pakistan

Latest update

This Advice was last issued on Tuesday, 07 July 2015.   This advice has been reviewed and updated. It includes new information including on recent terrorist attacks and advice that some bottled water in Pakistan may be contaminated. The level of the advice has not changed. We continue to strongly advise Australians to reconsider their need to travel to Pakistan.

Pakistan overall

Balochistan, Federally-Administered Tribal Areas

Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

Border areas with Afghanistan and India (excluding Lahore, Wagah, Kasur, Narowal and Sialkot)

Summary

  • We strongly advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Pakistan due to the unpredictable security situation, including the high threat of terrorist attack, kidnapping and sectarian violence.
  • If you do decide to travel to Pakistan, you should exercise extreme caution. If you are in Pakistan and concerned for your safety, you should consider leaving if it is safe to do so.
  • Militants may mount attacks in the lead-up to and on occasions of national or commemorative significance, such as Pakistan National Day (23 March), the storming of the Red Mosque in Islamabad by government troops (which occurred in July 2007) and Independence Day (14 August).
  • Terrorist attacks can occur anywhere at any time in Pakistan. There is a high threat of terrorist attack against places that are frequented by foreigners, including Australians. For a list of possible targets, see Safety and security.
  • The Pakistan Army is currently undertaking a counter-insurgency operation in the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) of northern Pakistan, resulting in military action and a large number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Security forces across Pakistan have been placed on high alert in response to retaliatory attacks by militants. There may be an increase in the presence of security forces, and restrictions on movement at short notice.
  • Pakistan’s civil aviation facilities have been targeted by terrorist groups. In June 2014 a group of terrorists attacked the cargo-handling section of Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, resulting in 30 deaths,and gunmen fired at a passenger airliner as it was landing at Peshawar Airport, killing one passenger and injuring two crew members. Further attacks on aviation facilities are likely. Travellers should check flight status and airport operations prior to travelling and remain alert for security developments.
  • Security at the Australian High Commission in Islamabad has been strengthened and remains under constant review. Staff have been advised to minimise their use of restaurants and international hotels, to limit visits to shopping areas and avoid walking in Islamabad.
  • There were a number of terrorist attacks in Islamabad in 2014. In May 2014, bombs were detonated in the F-6 market area and G-9 sector of Islamabad. A fruit and vegetable market on the outskirts of Islamabad was attacked in April and a suicide bomber attacked a court in the F-8 market area in March.
  • Australians in all parts of Pakistan should avoid demonstrations, political events, rallies and processions and large-scale public gatherings, as they may turn violent. Demonstrations could also be targeted at perceived western interests. As a precaution, you should avoid areas where people congregate after Friday prayers.
  • There is a high threat of kidnapping across the whole of Pakistan, but particularly in Karachi, Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Australians should ensure that they have personal security measures in place and seek professional security advice.
  • Political and sectarian violence continues in Karachi. There has been a high death toll from violence in the city. We strongly advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Karachi.
  • We strongly advise you not to travel to FATA, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (including the Swat Valley and Peshawar), and Balochistan due to the extremely dangerous security environment and the ongoing counter-insurgency operation in FATA. In December 2014, terrorists attacked a school in Peshawar resulting in over 140 deaths. If you are in these areas, you should consider leaving. Australians in FATA should depart immediately.
  • On 5 May 2014, the World Health Organization declared the international spread of wild poliovirus a “public health emergency of international concern” and has issued temporary recommendations that may affect your travel to Pakistan.
  • See Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
  • Given the unpredictable security situation and high threat of terrorist activity and violence, we strongly recommend that you register your travel and contact details with us so we can contact you in an emergency.
  • Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
    • organise comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy
    • subscribe to this travel advice to receive free email updates each time it's reissued
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Entry and exit

Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the Pakistan High Commission for the most up-to-date information.

Foreign passport holders who do not comply with their visa conditions may face heavy penalties, including fines and detention. This applies to people travelling on Australian passports, including dual nationals. You should take care not to overstay the limit of your visa. To exit Pakistan, you must have a valid visa, a Pakistani national identity card or a valid Pakistani passport. If you are travelling on an Australian passport and your visa has expired, you will not be allowed to board your flight. If your visa has expired you should contact the Ministry of Interior to get an exit visa.

If you are arriving from or have transited a country where yellow fever is endemic, you may be required to present a valid yellow fever certificate to be granted entry into Pakistan.

Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia.

If you are a dual national and hold a Pakistani passport, seek advice about how it should be used. See Dual nationals. Use your Australian passport to depart from and return to Australia. An Australian citizen does not require a visa to enter Australia.

If children are unaccompanied or travelling with only one parent or a guardian, local immigration authorities may ask for documents to prove that the children have consent to travel or proof of parental responsibility. This is particularly the case if the children are of Pakistani origin. Please refer to our Travelling with children page for information on the type of documentary evidence that may be required.

If you are travelling with prescription medicines, you should carry a signed, dated letter from your doctor listing all of the medications you are carrying to show to customs officials if requested.

Australian travellers planning to visit Pakistan, and staying for periods longer than four weeks, will be required to carry documented evidence of having received a polio vaccine within 12 months prior to departure from Pakistan. If you do not have documented evidence of polio vaccination within this 12 month period, you may be required to be vaccinated prior to departure from Pakistan.

Safety and security

Terrorism

We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Pakistan at this time due to the very high threat of terrorist attack and volatile security situation. If you do decide to travel to Pakistan, you should exercise extreme caution. If you are in Pakistan and concerned for your safety, you should consider leaving if it is safe to do so.

The Pakistan Army is currently undertaking a counter-insurgency operation in the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) of northern Pakistan, resulting in military action and a large number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Security forces across Pakistan have been placed on high alert in response to retaliatory attacks by militants. There may be an increased presence of security forces, and restrictions on movement at short notice. We strongly advise against all travel to this region. Australians in FATA should depart immediately.

There has been an increase in terrorist activity in Pakistan since the beginning of 2014, with a series of deadly attacks in Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar and Rawalpindi.

On 13 May 2015, an attack on a bus in Karachi killed 45 people and injured 24.

On 15 March 2015, coordinated bomb attacks on two churches in Lahore’s Youhanabad area killed 15 people and injured 78. Violent protests followed these attacks resulting in several deaths and injuries.

On 18 February 2015, an attack at the Kuri Road Shia Mosque near Rawalpindi killed two people and injured six.

On 17 February 2015, a vehicle bombing at a parking lot near the Punjab Police Lines in Lahore killed eight people and injured 15.

On 13 February 2015, a suicide attack against a mosque during Friday prayers in Peshawar, killed 22 people and injured 60 others.

On 30 January 2015, a suicide bomb attack on a mosque during Friday prayers in Shikarpur, Sindh, killed 60 people and injured more than 50.

In May 2014, bombs were detonated in the F-6 market area and G-9 sector of Islamabad. In April 2014, an attack on a fruit and vegetable market on the outskirts of Islamabad, killed at least 20 people and injured up to 100. An extremist attack on a District Court House in F-8 Islamabad in March 2014 killed 13 people and wounded 34.

A terrorist attack at the Wagah border crossing, near Lahore, in November 2014 killed 60 people and injured 150.

In June 2013, terrorists attacked and killed nine foreigners and a Pakistani national at the Nanga Parbat high-altitude mountaineering base camp in Gilgit–Baltistan.

Attacks on civil aviation facilities: Pakistan’s civil aviation facilities have been targeted by terrorist groups. In June 2014, a group of terrorists attacked Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, resulting in 30 deaths (including all the terrorists). In the same month, gunmen fired at a passenger airliner as it was landing at Peshawar Airport, killing one passenger and injuring two crew members. Further attacks on aviation facilities are likely. We advise travellers to check flight status and airport operations prior to travelling and remain alert for security developments.

Many terrorist attacks in Pakistan have involved multiple, consecutive explosions.

At times where there are heightened threats of terrorist incidents, or immediately after an incident, security officials may cut mobile phone service in affected areas until the threat has passed.

Terrorist targets

A significant number of terrorist groups hostile to Western interests operate in Pakistan. Terrorist attacks can occur anywhere at any time in Pakistan.

In planning your activities, consider the kind of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided at venues. Possible targets include crowded locations likely to result in a large number of casualties, places frequented by foreigners; clubs, restaurants, cafes, fast food outlets; embassies, high commissions and other diplomatic interests; educational facilities including universities and international schools; international hotels; places of worship, such as mosques and churches; shopping centres, banks, hospitals, markets (markaz) and bazaars; airports and aviation interests (including foreign flagged airliners); compact disc and video shops; convention centres, outdoor recreation events, tourist areas and other crowded places; and identifiably Western interests, premises and symbols, including businesses and non-government organisations (NGOs).

Premises and symbols associated with the Pakistani Government, Pakistani military and security forces are frequent targets for attacks. Judicial buildings, such as courts, public transport and transport infrastructure, including trains and airports have been attacked, along with military and police personnel, police stations and checkpoints.

Attacks against religious sites in Pakistan have resulted in large-scale civilian casualties. Attacks against religious sites could occur in any part of Pakistan, especially at times of religious festivals.

Militants may mount attacks in the lead-up to and on occasions of national or commemorative significance, such as Pakistan National Day (23 March), the storming of the Red Mosque in Islamabad by government troops (which occurred in July 2007) and Independence Day (14 August).

Humanitarian workers and foreign aid agencies have been targeted by militants in the past.

Kidnapping

There is a high threat of kidnapping across the whole of Pakistan, but particularly in Karachi, Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).

In 2012 and 2013, there was a spate of kidnappings involving foreign nationals, including aid workers, from locations across Pakistan. Some remain in captivity.

Australians should ensure that they have personal security measures in place and seek professional security advice.

The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers. The Australian Government considers that paying a ransom increases the risk of further kidnappings, including of other Australians. If you do decide to travel to an area where there is a particular threat of kidnapping, you should seek professional security advice and have effective personal security measures in place. See our Kidnapping threat travel bulletin.

Advice to High Commission staff

Due to the very high threat of terrorist attack in Pakistan, security at the Australian High Commission in Islamabad is at a high level. The Australian Government has a “no children at post” policy for Islamabad.

Staff have been advised to minimise their use of restaurants and international hotels, to limit visits to shopping areas and avoid walking in Islamabad.

The Australian Consulates in Karachi and Lahore have been closed until further notice for security reasons.

Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. See our Terrorist Threat Overseas bulletin.

Civil unrest/political tension

The security situation in Pakistan remains unpredictable and could deteriorate at short notice. Australians could be caught up in violent unrest. You are responsible for ensuring you are able to depart Pakistan at short notice and that your travel documentation (including visa) remains up-to-date.

You should avoid all demonstrations, political events, rallies and processions and large-scale public gatherings, as they may turn violent. Demonstrations could also be targeted at perceived western interests. If you are in an area affected by demonstrations, find a safe location, remain indoors and heed local advice. You should closely monitor local information sources for details about possible safety and security risks.

As a precaution, you should also avoid areas where people congregate after Friday prayers in all parts of Pakistan.

International events and political developments in the region or elsewhere may prompt demonstrations or violent protests in any part of Pakistan. Perceived western interests may become targets of such violence.

Political and sectarian violence in Karachi

Political, sectarian and gang violence continues in Karachi, with a high death toll. Pakistani police and para-military Rangers are conducting intermittent counter-terrorism operations in the city, resulting in a heightened level of public security across a wide part of the city. Reprisal attacks by militants or criminals may occur anywhere. There are also regular demonstrations, rallies and large public gatherings in Karachi which can turn violent. We strongly advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Karachi.

Gilgit

There have been several outbreaks of sectarian violence in the city of Gilgit in northern Pakistan in recent years. Violence can break out unexpectedly at any time, sometimes resulting in the imposition of a curfew and deployment of additional security forces. Australians finding themselves in that situation are advised to follow the instructions of security officials and remain in a safe location until the situation has calmed down or you are able to safely depart from Gilgit.

Border regions with Afghanistan

Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA): We advise you not to travel to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas due to security concerns and ongoing Pakistani military operations in border areas with Afghanistan. Australians in this area should depart immediately. With the exception of the official border crossings, foreigners are prohibited from travelling within 50 kilometres of the border with Afghanistan in Gilgit Baltistan.

Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (formerly the North-West Frontier Province): We advise you not to travel to Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa due to the volatile security environment. If you are in Balochistan or Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (including Swat), you should consider leaving. Attacks against government, security and military interests in Balochistan are likely, as are attacks against oil, natural gas, power and communications infrastructure and transport, including the railway network.

Border regions with India

We advise you not to travel to border areas with India (except to the cities of Lahore, Wagah, Kasur, Narowal and Sialkot) due to the volatile security situation and heightened security arrangements along the border. If you are in an area close to the Pakistan-India border, you should consider leaving. You should be aware that foreigners are prohibited from travelling within 15 kilometres of the Kashmir Line of Control and the entire border with India, except for official border crossings.

An attack at the Wagah border crossing, near Lahore, in November 2014 killed 60 people and injured 150.

Crime

Violent crime, including armed robbery, carjacking and kidnapping, occurs in many parts of Pakistan, particularly in Karachi. You should drive with the doors locked and windows up.

There have been recent incidents in various cities in Pakistan (including Islamabad) of individuals impersonating police officers, including with fake police identification cards.

Pick-pocketing and petty theft is common.

Money and valuables

Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.

Local travel

Severe flooding of major waterways occurs regularly in Pakistan, causing loss of life and widespread damage to transport infrastructure. See Additional information: Natural disasters, severe weather and climate for further information.

The security situation in Pakistan is uncertain and could deteriorate at any time. Contact your travel agent and airline regarding temporary disruptions or suspension of transport services.

Road accidents are a common cause of death and injury. Road conditions and driving standards are poor, requiring extreme caution to be exercised all times. For further advice, see our road travel page.

Avoid the use of public transport, including buses, trains and taxis, due to the security risk and avoid travelling after dark where possible. You should use transport services provided by accredited tour operators and hotels.

Airline safety

Pakistan’s civil aviation facilities have recently been targeted by terrorists. In June 2014, a group of terrorists attacked the cargo-handling section of Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, resulting in a prolonged battle and up to 30 deaths (including all the terrorists). In June 2014 gunmen fired at a passenger airliner as it was approaching Peshawar Airport to land, killing one passenger and injuring two crew members. Similar attacks could occur in the future. We advise travellers to check flight status and airport operations prior to travelling and remain alert for security developments.

The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See instead the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Pakistan.

Please also refer to our general air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.

Laws

You are subject to the local laws of Pakistan, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you’re arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we cannot get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.

Penalties for drug offences are severe in Pakistan and include the death penalty. Possession of even small quantities of "soft drugs" for recreational purposes can result in lengthy jail sentences, large fines and deportation. See our Drugs page.

There have been instances where Australian parents of Pakistani origin return to Pakistan and one parent decides not to return to Australia, withholding the passports of the children from the other parent who wishes to return to Australia. Parents travelling with children, where these circumstances may apply, should carefully consider the risks of not being able to return with their children before leaving Australia. They are strongly advised to consult a lawyer to resolve possible child custody and other family law issues before travelling to Pakistan.

The death penalty may be imposed for crimes including terrorism, murder, rape, blasphemy and unlawful assembly.

Homosexuality is illegal. The act of sodomy is illegal in Pakistan and penalties include life imprisonment. See our LGBTI travellerspage.

It is illegal for unmarried heterosexual couples to live together.

Although rare, corporal punishment may be imposed for some offences including robbery, public drunkenness and consumption of alcohol by a Muslim.

Importing alcohol and pork products is illegal in Pakistan.

You are advised not to take photographs of airports or military and government buildings and installations.

Attempting to convert a Muslim or encouraging a Muslim to abandon their religion is illegal.

Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money, laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.

Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 25 years’ imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.

Local customs

The Islamic holy month of Ramadan began on 19 June 2015. During Ramadan, Australians travelling to countries with significant Muslim communities should take care to respect religious and cultural sensitivities, rules and customs. In particular, people who are not fasting are advised to avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public and in the presence of people who are fasting. For more information see our Ramadan travel bulletin.

There are strong Islamic codes of dress and behaviour in Pakistan. You should take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.

Wearing short-sleeved garments and shorts should be avoided, as should physical contact between men and women in public. Women may be targets of harassment, particularly if they are unaccompanied.

Information for dual nationals

Pakistan does not recognise dual nationality. If you or your father were born in Pakistan, you may be considered by authorities to be a Pakistani national even if you do not hold a Pakistani passport. This may limit the ability of the Australian Government to provide you with consular assistance if you are arrested or detained.

Our Dual nationals page provides further information.

Health

We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.

It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.

Medical facilities

The standard of medical facilities and care in Pakistan is generally limited, with the exception of a select number of clinics and hospitals in major cities which approach Western standards. In most towns, as well as rural and remote areas, medical facilities are extremely limited. Hospitals in Pakistan usually require up-front payment, confirmation of insurance cover or guarantee of payment prior to admission. In the case of a serious illness or accident, a medical evacuation to Australia or a similar destination would be considered necessary. Depending on the immediacy, severity and circumstances of the case, a medivac could cost more than $A100,000.

Health risks

Malaria is common in Pakistan, except in areas above 2000m. Chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine resistant strains are reported. Other insect-borne diseases (including dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis and Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever) are present in Pakistan with outbreaks occurring from time to time. There is no vaccination or specific treatment available for dengue. We encourage you to take prophylaxis against malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases where necessary; ensure your accommodation is mosquito proof; and take measures to avoid insect bites, including using an insect repellent at all times and wearing long, loose fitting, light coloured clothing.

Water-borne, food-borne, parasitic and other infectious diseases (including HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis and measles) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, and avoid ice cubes and uncooked food. Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.

Cases of cholera have been reported periodically in Sindh.

Reports of malaria, skin infections, acute watery diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections usually increase following flooding.

Poliovirus (Poliomyelitis) remains endemic in Pakistan with travellers at risk of infection. In May 2014, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the recent international spread of wild poliovirus a “public health emergency of international concern” and has issued temporary recommendations that may affect your travel to Pakistan.

It is recommended that Australians travelling to Pakistan are up to date with routinely recommended vaccinations against polio, including a booster dose, as per the Australian Immunisation Handbook, prior to departure.

Australian travellers planning to visit Pakistan, and staying for periods longer than four weeks, will be required to carry documented evidence of having received a polio vaccine within 12 months prior to departure from Pakistan. If you do not have documented evidence of polio vaccination within this 12 month period, you may be required to be vaccinated prior to departure from Pakistan.

Please see your doctor to discuss your vaccination requirements. Further information is available from the Australian Department of Health polio website.

Travelling with medicine

If you are travelling with prescription medicines, you should carry a signed, dated letter from your doctor listing all of the medications you are carrying to show to customs officials if requested.

Bottled water

Be aware that some bottled water in Pakistan may be contaminated. The Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources produces regular reports listing safe and unsafe bottled water brand names. Reports are available under the publications and information tab.

Where to get help

Depending on your enquiry, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, tour operator, employer or travel insurer. Your travel insurer should have a 24 hour emergency number.

If the matter relates to criminal issues, contact the local police. The national emergency number is 15.

The Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and cannot do to assist Australians overseas.

The Australian High Commission in Islamabad may close temporarily to the public at short notice should concerns arise about security in the vicinity of the High Commission. You should telephone ahead before going to the High Commission. If you require emergency consular assistance, you should first telephone the High Commission or the Consular Emergency Centre in Canberra.

Access to the diplomatic enclave in Islamabad, where the High Commission is located, has been restricted by the Pakistani Government for security reasons. Access to the High Commission is only possible by bus through the Diplomatic Shuttle Service. This service has an office and bus station located on the corner of Third Avenue (Quaid-e-Azam University Road) and Murree Road. Bus tickets are available for sale at this office. Further information about this service can be obtained directly from the Diplomatic Shuttle Service (telephone 051 2601521, or 051 2601524). You need to arrive at the shuttle bus station at least one hour before your scheduled appointment to allow time for security checks.

You can obtain consular assistance from the:

Australian High Commission, Islamabad

Constitution Avenue and Ispahani Road
Diplomatic Enclave No. 1
Sector G-5/4
Islamabad, PAKISTAN

Telephone: +92 51 835 5500
Facsimile: +92 51 282 0112
E-mail: consular.islm@dfat.gov.au
Website: www.pakistan.highcommission.gov.au

See the High Commission website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.

In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the High Commission, you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre from anywhere in the world on +61 2 6261 3305, or 1300 555 135 within Australia.

If you are travelling to Pakistan, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we strongly recommend you register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.

Additional information

Natural disasters, severe weather and climate

During the monsoon season (July to September), flooding and landslides can occur with little warning throughout the country. In the past, floods have affected millions of people, resulting in many deaths. During these periods, fresh drinking water and food can be in short supply. The high risk of contracting a water-borne disease continues after the floods recede. Services and transport are often affected.

Cyclones can occur in coastal areas of Pakistan. For further information, see our severe weather page.

Pakistan is in an active seismic zone and is subject to earthquakes.

All oceanic regions of the world can experience tsunamis, but in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, there is a more frequent occurrence of large, destructive tsunamis because of the many large earthquakes along major tectonic plate boundaries and ocean trenches. See the Tsunami Awareness brochure.

Some mountainous areas of Pakistan are subject to winter avalanches.

Information on natural disasters can be obtained from the Humanitarian Early Warning Service. If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.

The Pakistan Meteorological Department provides weather information and warnings for Pakistan.

Additional Resources

For additional general and economic information to assist travelling in this country, see the following links:



While every care has been taken in preparing this information, neither the Australian Government nor its agents or employees, including any member of Australia's diplomatic and consular staff abroad, can accept liability for any injury, loss or damage arising in respect of any statement contained herein.

Maps are presented for information only. The department accepts no responsibility for errors or omission of any geographic feature. Nomenclature and territorial boundaries may not necessarily reflect Australian Government policy.