- We advise you to exercise normal security precautions in Malaysia overall.
- Pay close attention to your personal security and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks.
- General elections will take place on Sunday 5 May 2013. Political rallies will be held across the country in the period surrounding the elections. You should be aware that election-related rallies and events may attract large crowds. Disruption to public services (including public transport) and traffic flow may occur. You should monitor the local media for information on possible disruptions.
- From time to time, protests and demonstrations have occurred on the streets and at certain venues in Malaysia. Australians should avoid all protests and demonstrations as they may turn violent and involve arrests.
- We strongly advise you not to travel to parts of eastern Sabah included in the Eastern Sabah Safety Zone (ESSZone), as well as nearby islands and dive sites, due to ongoing police and military activity. The ESSZone incorporates the districts of Kudat, Kota Maruda, Pitas, Beluran, Sandakan, Kinabatangan, Lahad Datu, Kunuk, Semporna and Tawau in eastern Sabah. If you are in these areas you should exercise extreme caution, adhere to all instructions by the local authorities, and if safe to do so, leave the area.
- We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in all other areas of Sabah.
- Information of May 2012 indicated that terrorists continued to plan kidnapping operations in Sabah.
- If you are intending to travel overland from Malaysia to Thailand, you should also read the travel advice for Thailand which recommends that Australians do not travel to the far southern Thai provinces of Yala, Pattani, Narathiwat and Songkhla, including overland travel from and to the Malaysian border through these provinces.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
Entry and exit
The Immigration Department of Malaysia has a system of biometric registration procedures for foreigners. Under the system, all foreigners entering Malaysia by land, air and sea are required to provide biometric fingerprints of both thumbs and index fingers at all Malaysian immigration entry points. Children below 12 years of age, visitors with finger disabilities and diplomatic passport holders, are exempt from this procedure.
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) change regularly. Contact the nearest Embassy, High Commission or Consulate of Malaysia for the most up-to-date information.
Particular care should be taken to follow all immigration rules and regulations. Violation of visa conditions and overstaying your visa may result in penalties, including fines, detention and deportation. Check the dates on the visa stamp placed in your passport on arrival.
Passports are required for travel between Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak).
You should carry suitable photographic identification with you at all times while in Malaysia.
Make sure your passport has at least six months validity from your planned date of return to Australia. You should carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Malaysian immigration authorities may deny entry and deport people arriving in Malaysia with less than six months validity remaining on their passport, even if the person intends staying for just a few days.
Safety and security
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. You can find more information about this threat in our General Advice to Australian Travellers.
In planning your activities, consider the kinds of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided. Possible targets include commercial and public places frequented by foreigners such as hotels, clubs, restaurants, bars, schools, markets, places of worship, outdoor recreation events and tourist areas.
Eastern Sabah: We strongly advise you not to travel to parts of eastern Sabah included in the Malaysian Government’s Eastern Sabah Safety Zone (ESSZone), as well as nearby islands and dive sites, due to ongoing police and military activity following recent violence. The ESSZone incorporates the districts of Kudat, Kota Maruda, Pitas, Beluran, Sandakan, Kinabatangan, Lahad Datu, Kunuk, Semporna and Tawau in eastern Sabah. If you are in these areas you should exercise extreme caution, adhere to all instructions by the local authorities, and if safe to do so, leave the area.
In early February 2013, up to 200 armed intruders from the Sulu archipelago in the Philippines occupied a small village near the town of Lahad Datu. Malaysian security forces surrounded the area. Shooting incidents (which involved a number of fatalities) occurred in the Lahad Datu and Semporna area on 1 March and 3 March. Malaysian police and military took action on the morning of 5 March 2013 with the bombing of Kampung Tanduo (near Lahad Datu).
On 6 March 2013, Malaysian police and military expanded their operations into Kampung Tuanjung Batu with gunfire being exchanged with the intruders. On 7 March, the Malaysian Prime Minister declared eastern Sabah from Kudat in the north down to Tawau in the south, and including Sandakan, as a Special Security Zone with the augmentation by an additional five battalions of security forces to maintain peace and order. On 25 March 2013, the ESSZone was established to manage the continuing situation.
In addition to the current situation, the high threat of kidnapping remains in, but not limited to, the waters surrounding Sipadan Island, south of the town of Semporna. The threat is highest in the area between the towns of Sandakan and Tawau due to its proximity to the Sulu archipelago in the southern Philippines.
In the past, the Abu Sayyaf Group, based in the southern Philippines, has kidnapped foreigners from the east coast of mainland Sabah, the islands (Sipadan and Mataking) and surrounding waters. Malaysian authorities have increased security in the region in response to these incidents.
Information of May 2012 indicated that terrorists continued to plan kidnapping operations in Sabah.
In November 2012, two Malaysian nationals were kidnapped from a coastal location in Tawau division, eastern Sabah.
If you do decide to travel to this region, you should exercise extreme caution. See our Kidnapping Threat travel bulletin for more information.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers. The Australian Government considers that paying a ransom increases the risk of further kidnappings, including of other Australians. If you do decide to travel to an area where there is a particular threat of kidnapping, you should ensure you have personal security measures in place, seek professional security advice and take out kidnapping insurance.
Other areas of Sabah: We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in all other areas of Sabah given the situation in eastern Sabah.
If you are intending to travel overland from Malaysia to Thailand, you should also read the travel advice for Thailand which recommends that Australians do not travel to the far southern Thai provinces of Yala, Pattani, Narathiwat and Songkhla, including overland travel from and to the Malaysian border through these provinces.
Civil unrest/political tension
General elections on 5 May 2013:
General elections will take place on Sunday 5 May 2013. Political rallies will be held across the country in the period surrounding the elections. You should be aware that election-related rallies and events may attract large crowds. Disruption to public services (including public transport) and traffic flow may occur. You should monitor the local media for information on possible disruptions.
From time to time, protests and demonstrations have occurred on the streets and at certain venues in Malaysia. You should avoid all protests and demonstrations as they may turn violent and involve arrests.
Police permission is required for public gatherings and demonstrations.
Petty crime is common. “Snatch and grab” type robberies, where thieves snatch handbags, shoulder bags, jewellery, mobile phones and other valuables from pedestrians, occurs frequently. Injuries have been reported in the course of these incidents, in particular when bags are pulled from victims by thieves on moving motorcycles. There has been an increase in reports of “smash and grab” type attacks against slow-moving and parked vehicles. Remember that expensive watches, jewellery and cameras may be tempting targets for thieves. You should ensure that valuables are kept out of sight (i.e. in the boot/glove box) and that vehicle windows are closed and doors are locked at all times.
Although uncommon, violent crime against foreigners does occur.
Drink spiking occurs. Do not leave your drink unattended and be careful if offered a drink, including in reputable establishments. Victims lose consciousness and have been assaulted and robbed.
Credit card fraud and scams involving gambling are common.
Money and valuables
Before you go, organise a variety of ways to access your money overseas, such as credit cards, travellers cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards. Australian currency and travellers' cheques are not accepted in many countries. Consult with your bank to find out the most appropriate currency to carry and whether your ATM card will work overseas. You should only use licensed money changers and count the cash given to you.
Credit card fraud occurs extensively throughout Malaysia. Credit cards are frequently copied in places ranging from small shops to large department stores and hotels for later illegal use. Keep your credit card in sight at all times when using it.
Make two photocopies of valuables such as your passport, tickets, visas and travellers cheques. Keep one copy with you in a separate place to the original and leave another copy with someone at home.
While travelling, don't carry too much cash and remember that expensive watches, jewellery and cameras may be tempting targets for thieves.
As a sensible precaution against luggage tampering, including theft, lock your luggage. Information on luggage safety is available from Australia's Civil Aviation Safety Authority.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport. If your passport is lost or stolen overseas, report it online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
Australians are required to pay an additional fee to have their passport replaced. In some cases, the Government may also restrict the length of validity or type of replacement passports.
Traffic can be congested and standards of driving may differ from Australia. Motorcyclists can be a traffic hazard in Malaysia due to unsafe driving practices, particularly weaving through traffic and failing to stop at traffic lights and pedestrian crossings. For further advice, see our road travel page.
If you intend to hire cars, motorcycles, jet skis or any other motorised water sport equipment, talk to your travel insurer to check if it is covered by your insurance policy.
The safety standards you might expect of transport and tour operators, including adventure activities such as diving, are not always met. Sufficient safety equipment may not be provided and recommended maintenance standards and safety precautions may not be observed.
There have been fatal and other serious accidents involving long-distance tour buses in Malaysia, particularly at night or in adverse weather conditions. If you plan to travel by bus, choose a reputable company and avoid overnight routes.
There have also been instances of passenger boats sinking, usually due to overloading and/or poor maintenance. You should exercise care at all times when travelling by passenger ferry or speedboat and ensure that appropriate safety equipment is available, including confirming that life jackets are available for all passengers. You should not travel on vessels that are clearly overloaded or in poor condition.
Piracy in south-east Asian waters is an ongoing problem, particularly in the Strait of Malacca, and around Tioman Island off peninsular Malaysia's east coast in the South China Sea, and in the waters between Sabah and the southern Philippines. The International Maritime Bureau issues weekly piracy reports on its website. You should also read our piracy bulletin.
Please refer to our air travel page for information about aviation safety and security.
When you are in Malaysia, be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you. If you are arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you but we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the Consular Services Charter.
Travellers should note some aspects of Sharia (Islamic) Law have been introduced by all states in Malaysia. You should ensure you are aware of relevant provisions, which apply to all Muslims, including those from Australia.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and include the mandatory death penalty for drug trafficking.
Homosexual acts between males are illegal and penalties include corporal punishment and long prison sentences. Homosexual acts between women may be considered an 'act of gross indecency with another' and penalties include imprisonment.
The penalty for some offences, including drug offences, commercial crime, rape and robbery, may include corporal punishment.
Driving under the influence of alcohol is illegal and penalties are strictly enforced.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties for up to 25 years imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.
Malaysia is a multicultural but predominantly Islamic country. You should respect local traditions, customs, laws and religions at all times and be aware of your actions to ensure that they do not offend other cultural or religious beliefs. There are conservative standards of dress and behaviour in many areas of Malaysia. You should find out what customs are observed at your destination and take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
During Ramadan, eating, drinking and smoking between sunrise and sunset is forbidden for Muslims.
Information for dual nationals
Malaysia does not recognise dual nationality. This may limit the ability of the Australian Government to provide consular assistance to Australian/Malaysian dual nationals who are arrested or detained. We recommend you travel on your Australian passport at all times.
Our Dual Nationals brochure provides further information for dual nationals.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
Your doctor or travel clinic is the best source of information about preventive measures, immunisations (including booster doses of childhood vaccinations) and disease outbreaks overseas. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our Travelling Well brochure also provides useful tips for travelling with medicines and staying healthy while travelling overseas.
Smoke Haze: There is smoke haze across some parts of Malaysia, including Kuala Lumpur, usually during the July to October period. This haze can cause health problems for some people, particularly those with respiratory problems. Keep up to date with advice of local authorities and seek medical advice on appropriate precautions. Regular air quality reports are available from the Malaysian Department of the Environment website.
The standard of medical facilities is adequate in major cities but can be limited in rural areas. Public hospital services can be limited and access slow. Private hospitals with international standard facilities can be found in major cities. Most private hospitals require a cash deposit or a confirmation of insurance prior to admission and expect immediate payment for services.
Decompression chambers are located in Kuantan, Lumut, Ipoh, Sabah and Labuan.
Stings from jellyfish and other marine animals can be fatal. You should seek advice from local authorities, your tour operator or hotel regarding seasonal bathing conditions, recommended precautions and other potential dangers.
"Medical tourism", including for cosmetic surgery, is common. Australians should ensure that they are not lured to discount or uncertified medical establishments where standards can be lacking, resulting in serious and possibly life-threatening complications.
Malaria is a risk in rural areas but not in urban and coastal areas. Outbreaks of other mosquito-borne illnesses (including chikungunya fever and filariasis) also occur. Dengue fever is prevalent, including in major urban areas, with more serious outbreaks reported from time to time. The risk of contracting these infections rises during the wet season. We recommend that you consider malaria prophylaxis where appropriate and that you take precautions against being bitten by mosquitoes, including using insect repellent at all times, wearing long, loose-fitting, light coloured clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
The mosquito-borne disease Japanese encephalitis is found throughout many regions of North, South and South-East Asia and Papua New Guinea. A Japanese encephalitis vaccine is registered for use and is currently available in Australia. For further details please consult your travel health doctor.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases (including hepatitis, tuberculosis, cholera, and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD)) are prevalent, with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before travelling. We advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
Avoid temporary 'black henna' tattoos as they often contain a dye which can cause serious skin reactions. For further information see the Australasian College of Dermatologists' website.
Avian influenza: The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed human deaths from avian influenza in South-East Asia. Australians intending to travel to Malaysia should discuss the risk of avian influenza with their doctor as part of their routine pre-travel health checks.
Australians in Malaysia should monitor the travel advice and bulletin for updated information and advice.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has confirmed cases of avian influenza in birds in a number of countries throughout the world, including Malaysia. For a list of these countries, visit the OIE website.
Where to get help
In Malaysia, you can obtain full consular assistance from the:
Australian High Commission, Kuala Lumpur
You can also obtain limited consular assistance and lodge Australian passport applications through the:
Australian Consulate, Penang
This post is headed by an Honorary Consul.
No. 29, Lebuh Bukit Jambul
11900 Bayan Lepas
Telephone: (60 4) 645 8285
Facsimile: (60 4) 645 8285
Australian Consulate, Kota Kinabalu
This post is headed by an Honorary Consul.
Suite 10.1, Level 10
Wisma Great Eastern
65 Jalan Gaya
88000 Kota Kinabalu
Telephone: (60 88) 267 151
Facsimile: (60 88) 266 509
Australian Consulate, Sarawak
This post is headed by an Honorary Consul.
E39 Level 2
Taman Sri Sarawak Mall
Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman
Telephone: (60 82) 230 777
Facsimile: (60 82) 313 388
If you are travelling to Malaysia, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate or online. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency – whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the High Commission or Honorary Consulates you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
In Australia, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Canberra may be contacted on (02) 6261 3305.
For general information and tips on travelling with children see our Travelling with Children page.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Flooding and mudslides are common during the wet season (October to February). Severe rainstorms could result in loss of life, extensive damage to infrastructure and can hamper the provision of essential services. Travellers should check with their tour operators on travel conditions and visit the Malaysian Meteorological Department’s website for the latest weather forecasts and alerts. Travellers should avoid flood-affected areas and follow the instructions of local authorities.
All oceanic regions of the world can experience tsunamis, but in the Indian and Pacific Oceans there is a more frequent occurrence of large, destructive tsunamis because of the many large earthquakes along major tectonic plate boundaries and ocean trenches. See the Tsunami Awareness brochure.
If a natural disaster occurs, travellers should follow instructions from local authorities, monitor media and weather reports, and check with tour operators before travelling to affected areas.
Australians are advised to respect wildlife laws and to maintain a safe and legal distance when observing wildlife, including marine animals and birds. You should only use reputable and professional guides or tour operators and closely follow park regulations and wardens' advice.