- We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in Tunisia because of the unpredictable security situation, the risk of further violence and civil unrest and the threat of kidnapping and terrorist attack.
- Over the past year a number of suspected terrorists have been arrested throughout Tunisia. The presence of extremist elements in Tunisia, as well as the deterioration in security in neighbouring countries such as Libya, poses a general threat to foreign travellers. You should maintain a high level of awareness regarding the security environment.
- There is a risk of retaliatory attacks against Western targets in Tunisia following the French intervention in the conflict in Mali in January 2013.
- Increased public disturbances and protests and labour strikes have followed the assassination of a leading opposition figure, on 6 February 2013. We advise you remain alert to all security developments and follow the instructions of the security forces.
- On 14 September 2012, violent protests in front of the US Embassy in Tunis resulted in death and injury to protesters, and significant damage to the US Embassy and nearby American school.
- Australians should be aware of the potential for spontaneous and unpredictable events, such as political and industrial protests. You should follow the local and international media for information concerning the safety and security environment in Tunisia, avoid all protests and take particular care during the period surrounding Friday midday prayers.
- We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to the areas bordering Algeria at this time because of the ongoing high threat of kidnapping and ongoing military operations against suspected terrorists.
- Since 30 April 2013, Tunisian authorities have been undertaking military operations against two groups of suspected terrorists in the Kef and Kasserine regions, including Mount Chaambi. The operations apparently include de-mining of homemade explosive devices.
- We also advise you to reconsider your need to travel to the areas bordering Libya due to a rise in the number of security related incidents.
- You should avoid travel in remote areas. We recommend you use a reputable tour operator for any travel into desert areas of Tunisia, especially near the Algerian border. Travelling as part of a tour group may reduce the risk of kidnapping, however, we advise you not to cross the border into Algeria.
- Al-Qa'ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has made threats in the past against a range of public targets in Tunisia, including places frequented by tourists. For further details, see Terrorism section below.
- Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in Tunisia. The Canadian Embassy in Tunis provides consular assistance to Australians in Tunisia (except the issue of passports). See the where to get help section below for the Canadian Embassy contact details. The Australian High Commission in Malta can also assist Australians.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
Entry and exit
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) change regularly. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Tunisia for the most up-to-date information.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia. You should carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Safety and security
We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution while travelling in Tunisia because of the unsettled security situation, the risk of further civil unrest and the threat of kidnapping and terrorist attack.
There is a risk of retaliatory attacks against Western targets in Tunisia following the French intervention in the conflict in Mali in January 2013. Terrorist groups in the region have declared their intention to increase attacks and kidnappings targeting Westerners.
Over the past year a number of suspected terrorists have been arrested throughout Tunisia. The presence of extremist elements in Tunisia, as well as the deterioration in security in neighbouring countries such as Libya, poses a general threat to foreign travellers. You should maintain a high level of awareness regarding the security environment.
Al-Qa'ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has made threats against a range of targets in Tunisia, including government, industrial and commercial buildings and tourist sites.
In planning your activities, consider the places known to be terrorist targets. These include government facilities and commercial areas known to be frequented by foreigners such as, but not limited to, Western diplomatic missions, oil facilities, residential areas, hotels, clubs, restaurants, bars, schools, market places, places of worship, outdoor recreation events and tourist areas. A number of tourists and foreigners have been killed in past attacks.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. You can find more information about this threat in our General Advice to Australian Travellers.
Civil unrest/political tension
We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in Tunisia, due to the unsettled security situation and risk of further civil unrest. You should pay close attention to your personal security and monitor the media for new information about safety or security risks.
Australians should be aware of the potential for spontaneous and unpredictable events, such as political and industrial protests. You should follow the local and international media for information concerning the safety and security environment in Tunisia, avoid all protests and take particular care during the period surrounding Friday midday prayers.
Increased public disturbances and protests and labour strikes have followed the assassination of a leading opposition figure, on 6 February 2013. We advise you remain alert to all security developments and follow the instructions of the security forces.
On 14 September 2012, violent protests in front of the US Embassy in Tunis resulted in death and injury to protesters, and significant damage to the US Embassy and nearby American school. Australians in Tunisia should be aware of the possibility of further protests linked to external developments.
Since 18 December 2010, protests and political unrest have occurred in locations across Tunisia, resulting in deaths, injuries and extensive damage to property. While elections were conducted peacefully on 23 October 2011, the potential for civil unrest remains. Protests may erupt into violence with little or no warning..
Australians should carry their passports at all times and comply with the instructions of the security authorities.
Australians in Tunisia should register online and with the Canadian Embassy in Tunis (for contact details see below under Where to Get Help).
A State of Emergency remains in place across the country. You should be aware that authorities may restrict travel or enforce local curfews with little or no notice. It is important that you observe instructions given by local security authorities and/or your tour operators or hotels.
Border with Libya: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to the areas bordering Libya due to a rise in the number of security related incidents. The security situation in this region remains tense and border crossing points are occasionally closed without notice.
Border with Algeria: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to areas bordering Algeria because of the threat of kidnapping and ongoing military operations against suspected terrorists.
Since 30 April 2013, Tunisian authorities have been undertaking military operations against two groups of suspected terrorists in the Kef and Kasserine regions, including Mount Chaambi. The operations apparently include de-mining of homemade explosive devices.
In February 2008, two tourists were kidnapped in the south of Tunisia, close to the border. They were released in October 2008. AQIM claimed responsibility for this incident. We recommend that you do not cross the border with Algeria.
Ask yourself whether, given your own personal circumstances, you are comfortable travelling to these areas close to the border with Algeria knowing that you could be caught up in a kidnapping attempt. Ask yourself whether travel could be deferred or an alternative destination chosen. If, having considered these issues, you do decide to travel to this part of Tunisia, you should exercise extreme caution and consult with the local authorities for advice on particular routes and destinations. For more information about kidnapping, see our Kidnapping Threat travel bulletin.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers. The Australian Government considers that paying a ransom increases the risk of further kidnappings, including of other Australians. If you do decide to travel to an area where there is a particular threat of kidnapping, you should ensure you have personal security measures in place, seek professional security advice and take out kidnapping insurance.
Permission from Tunisian authorities is required to travel to certain desert areas bordering Algeria and you must be accompanied by a licensed guide. We recommend you use a reputable tour operator for any travel into desert areas of Tunisia.
Petty crime, such as pick pocketing and bag snatching, occurs in urban areas, particularly in markets. Theft from vehicles is common.
Money and valuables
Before you go, organise a variety of ways to access your money overseas, such as credit cards, travellers' cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards. Consult with your bank to find out the most appropriate currency to carry and whether your ATM card will work overseas.
Foreign exchange transactions must take place at authorised banks only.
You should declare all foreign currency upon arrival in Tunisia and retain the declaration receipt for departure. Tourists are expected to make foreign exchange transactions at authorised banks or dealers and to retain receipts for dinars obtained. Prior to departure from Tunisia, a maximum of 3,000 Tunisian dinars may be converted back into foreign currency, but documentation proving the purchase should be kept for customs declarations. Tunisian law prohibits the import and export of Tunisian dinars.
Make two photocopies of valuable documents such as your passport, tickets, visas and travellers' cheques. Keep one copy with you in a separate place to the original and leave another copy with someone at home.
While travelling, don't carry too much cash and remember that expensive watches, jewellery and cameras may be tempting targets for thieves.
As a sensible precaution against luggage tampering and theft, lock your luggage. Information on luggage safety is available from Australia's Civil Aviation Safety Authority.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport. If your passport is lost or stolen overseas, report it online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
You are required to pay an additional fee to have a lost or stolen passport replaced. In some cases, the Government may also restrict the length of validity or type of replacement passports.
Driving in Tunisia can be hazardous due to poorly maintained vehicles, poor local driving practices and inadequate road lighting. For further advice, see our road travel page.
If you intend to travel into the Sahara, it is a requirement to inform the National Guard Post at Medenine, located 450 kilometres south of Tunis, prior to travel. Use of an experienced guide may reduce the risks associated with travel in the Sahara.
Please refer to our air travel page for information about aviation safety and security.
When you are in Tunisia, be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you. If you are arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you but we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the Consular Services Charter.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs, including "soft" drugs, include mandatory imprisonment.
Penalties for some offences, such as murder and rape, include the death penalty.
Homosexual acts are illegal in Tunisia and are punishable by three years imprisonment.
Only married couples are permitted to cohabit in Tunisia.
It is illegal to attempt to convert Muslims to another religion in Tunisia.
Photography of, or near, government buildings, military establishments or other infrastructure is prohibited.
It is illegal to import and export Tunisian dinars.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 25 years imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.
There are conservative standards of dress and behaviour in Tunisia and you should take care not to offend. If you are visiting religious sites and remote areas of Tunisia you should avoid wearing short-sleeved garments or shorts. Open displays of affection between members of the opposite sex may cause offence. Women may be harassed, particularly if they are unaccompanied.
During Ramadan, eating, drinking and smoking between sunrise and sunset is forbidden for Muslims.
Information for dual nationals
Australian/Tunisian dual nationals may be required to complete national service obligations if they visit Tunisia. For further information, contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Tunisia before you travel.
Our Dual Nationals page provides further information for dual nationals.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
Your doctor or travel clinic is the best source of information about preventive measures, immunisations (including booster doses of childhood vaccinations) and disease outbreaks overseas. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our 'Travelling Well' brochure also provides useful tips for travelling with medicines and staying healthy while overseas.
Medical facilities in Tunisia are generally limited. Doctors and hospitals require up-front payment or a guarantee of payment from an insurance company prior to providing services, including for emergency care. In the event of a serious illness or accident, medical evacuation (at considerable cost) to a destination with appropriate facilities may be required.
A decompression chamber is available at the Naval Base in Bizert in north-east Tunisia.
Insect-borne diseases (such as leishmaniasis and West Nile fever) are prevalent in Tunisia. Malaria is not a risk. We recommend that you take measures to avoid insect bites, including using insect repellent at all times, wearing long, loose-fitting, light coloured clothing, and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases (including typhoid, hepatitis, rabies and tuberculosis) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before travelling. While tap water is safe to drink in major cities, in rural areas we advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water. Avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Swimming in fresh water may expose you to parasitic diseases such as bilharzia. Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
Where to get help
Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in Tunisia. By agreement between the Canadian and Australian governments, the local Canadian Embassy provides consular assistance to Australians in Tunisia. You should register your presence with the Canadian Government. This service does not include the issue of Australian passports. The address is:
Lot 24, Cite Des Pins, Berges Du Lac 2
Telephone: +216 70-010-200
Fax (General): +216 70-010-392
You can also obtain consular assistance from the nearest Australian High Commission which is located in Malta:
Australian High Commission, Malta
If you are travelling to Tunisia, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency – whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the Embassy you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
In Australia, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Canberra may be contacted on (02) 6261 3305.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Tunisia is in an active seismic zone. Information on natural disasters can be obtained from the Humanitarian Early Warning Service. If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.
Dust and sand storms occur frequently in Tunisia.
Australians are advised to respect wildlife laws and to maintain a safe and legal distance when observing wildlife, including marine animals and birds. You should only use reputable and professional guides or tour operators and closely follow park regulations and wardens' advice.
For general information and tips on travelling with children see our Travelling with Children page.