- We strongly advise you to exercise a high degree of caution overall in Kenya at this time due to the high risk of terrorist attack, civil unrest and high crime levels in the country.
- Pay close attention to your personal security at all times and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks.
- Since the beginning of Kenyan military operations in Somalia in October 2011, militants have regularly threatened to launch retaliatory attacks in Kenya. A major terrorist assault on the Westgate Shopping Mall in the Westlands district of Nairobi in September 2013 resulted in a large number of deaths, including one Australian, and injuries. There have been a number of other violent armed terrorist attacks over recent years in Nairobi, Mombasa, Garissa and Wajir. These attacks have targeted a broad range of public places.
- The Westgate attack underscores the continued risk of terrorism in Kenya, including in major centres such as Nairobi and Mombasa. We continue to receive reports that extremists may be planning further attacks against a range of targets in Kenya, including Kenyan and Western interests. Kenyan authorities have heightened security arrangements in response to the ongoing threat. You should evaluate your personal security, particularly when visiting public places, and closely monitor the local media. See under Safety and security: Terrorism for further information on terrorism and possible targets.
- There is an ongoing very high threat of kidnap to Westerners, including residents, tourists, journalists and humanitarian workers. A number of Westerners were kidnapped in 2011 and 2012 in areas of Kenya close to the border with Somalia. See under Safety and security: Kidnapping for further information on recent kidnappings. For more information about kidnapping, see our Kidnapping threat travel bulletin.
- We continue to advise Australians in Kenya to avoid protests and political rallies as they may turn violent. Australians in Kenya should monitor local media for information on their safety and security. See under Safety and security:Civil unrest/political tension for further information.
- Violent crime against Westerners, including armed carjacking and home invasions, occurs frequently in and around Nairobi. There have been a number of recent fatalities from such crimes, including among the foreign community. For further details see the Safety and security: Crime section.
- We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to the Nairobi suburbs of Eastleigh, Kasarani, Kibera and Mathare, due to violent incidents and high crime levels.
- We strongly advise you not to travel to the border regions with Ethiopia, South Sudan and Somalia because of the extremely dangerous security situation. Along the border with Somalia, this area includes all of Mandera and Garissa Districts, Wajir and east of Wajir and the area north of Pate Island in Lamu District. Cross border violence occurs, including attacks by armed groups, kidnapping, armed banditry, and violent tribal and clan disputes.
- We advise you not to travel to Isiolo and Moyale in Eastern district and along the A2 Highway connecting these two towns due to sporadic clashes that have caused a number of deaths and injuries. See under Safety and Security: Civil unrest/political tension for more information.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
Entry and exit
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) change regularly. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Kenya for the most up-to-date information.
Kenya is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as endemic for yellow fever. Yellow fever is a serious and potentially fatal disease preventable by vaccination. If you are arriving from a country infected with yellow fever you will be required to present a valid yellow fever certificate to be allowed entry into Kenya.
As the quarantine requirements for yellow fever vaccination differ between countries, we recommend that you check the yellow fever entry requirements for all countries you intend to enter or transit by contacting their foreign missions in Australia. Some airlines may require passengers to present a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate before being allowed to board flights out of the country. For more information about yellow fever, including Australian re-entry requirements, see the Department of Health website.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia. You should carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Safety and security
We strongly advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in Kenya overall at this time due to the high risk of terrorist attack, kidnapping, civil unrest and high crime levels. Pay close attention to your personal security at all times and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks.
A major terrorist attack on the Westgate Shopping Mall in the Westlands district of Nairobi on 21-24 September 2013 resulted in a large number of deaths, including one Australian, and injuries. Kenyan authorities have implemented heightened security arrangements at public places in response to the incident.
A Somali-based terrorist group has claimed responsibility for the attack. The Westgate attack underscores the continued risk of terrorism in Kenya, including in major centres such as Nairobi and Mombasa.
You should evaluate your personal security situation in light of this attack, the continuing terrorist threats and public warnings of possible attacks. Exercise heightened vigilance, particularly when visiting public places, and closely monitor the local media.
Ongoing high threat of terrorist attack:
Since the beginning of Kenyan military operations in Somalia in October 2011, there have been a number of terrorist attacks in Kenya (see list of recent attacks below) and repeated threats by terrorist organisations. Kenyan and other authorities have regularly warned that further attacks are likely.
There have been a number of other violent armed terrorist attacks over recent years in Nairobi, Mombasa, Garissa and Wajir.
We continue to receive reports that terrorists may be planning attacks against a range of targets in Kenya, including in Nairobi, and the surrounding region, and in Mombasa. In planning your activities, you should avoid the kinds of places known to be terrorist targets.
Due to heightened security concerns, staff at the Australian High Commission in Nairobi have been advised to exercise greater vigilance and security measures have been increased, particularly when travelling to Kenyan Government buildings and the CBD. We advise you to do the same.
Australians should be particularly vigilant in the lead-up to and during religious festivals, including Christmas and Ramadan, and days of national significance as militants have used such occasions to mount attacks.
Locations that may be subject to terrorist attack
Kenyan authorities have encouraged extra vigilance against possible terrorist attacks on public places as a result of the conflict in Somalia. These attacks could occur at any time and could be directed against any locations known to be frequented by foreigners, including Australians. You could be caught up in attacks directed at others.
Attacks could be indiscriminate and target Kenyan institutions as well as places where expatriates and foreign travellers gather. You should take extra care in public places and at public events.
Possible terrorist targets frequented by Westerners include Western embassies, UN premises, hotels, airports, shopping areas, markets, bars, sports bars and nightclubs (including venues broadcasting international sporting events), restaurants and cafes, tourist resorts (including beach resorts and beaches), safari lodges, international schools, churches and other places of worship, commercial airlines and other places frequented by foreigners.
Other possible targets include Kenyan Government buildings, transport hubs and infrastructure, and refugee camps near the Kenya-Somalia border where Western aid workers may be targeted.
Terrorist acts could include suicide bombings, kidnappings, roadside IED attacks, attacks on civil aviation and attacks on maritime vessels in or near Kenyan ports.
You should exercise particular vigilance if attending sporting events including football matches. You should also avoid public venues, such as sports bars, nightclubs and restaurants that broadcast sporting events, particularly international events, as well as public transportation to these events.
Recent terrorist attacks in Kenya include:
- On 21-24 September 2013, a major terrorist attack on the Westgate Shopping Mall in Nairobi resulted in a large number of deaths and injuries. An Australian citizen was killed in the attack.
- On 23 June 2013, a grenade attack on an internally displaced camp in Banisa, Mandera killed 15 people and injured a number of others.
- On 9 June 2013, a grenade attack on church compounds in Mombasa and Eastleigh injured several people.
- On 4 April 2013, an attack on a market in Garissa killed one and injured several others.
- On 4 March 2013, attacks by armed youths on police stations and clashes with police in the Mombasa area killed at least 15 people, including a number of police officers.
- On 16 December 2012, an explosion in Eastleigh area of Nairobi injured at least one person.
- On 7 December 2012, an explosion in the Eastleigh area of Nairobi killed five people and injured many more.
- On 5 December 2012, an explosion near the Eastleigh Air Base killed one person and injured several others.
- On 6 November 2012, a bomb was detonated in the Eastleigh area of Nairobi injuring at least three people.
- On 4 November 2012, a grenade attack on a church occurred in Garissa town, killing one and injuring a number of others.
- On 17 October 2012, a grenade attack during a police raid on a house near Mombasa killed one and injured many more.
- On 12 October 2012, two explosions occurred in the Eastleigh area of Nairobi, killing several people and injuring many more.
- On 30 September 2012, a grenade attack on a church in the north-east of Nairobi, caused several causalities.
- On 3 August 2012, a grenade attack in the Eastleigh area of Nairobi, killed one and injured a number of others.
- On 1 July 2012, terrorist attacks on two churches in Garissa, eastern Kenya, reportedly killed 16 people and injured many others.
- On 24 June 2012, a bomb explosion at a nightclub in Mombasa reportedly killed three people and injured a number of others.
Nairobi suburbs of Eastleigh, Kasarani, Kibera and Mathare: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to the Nairobi suburbs of Kibera, Mathare, Kasarani and Eastleigh due to violent incidents and high crime levels.
Kidnapping: There is an ongoing very high threat of kidnap for Westerners in parts of Kenya that are close to the border with Somalia. For more information about kidnapping, see our Kidnapping threat travel bulletin.
Threats to humanitarian workers: You should be aware that humanitarian workers and journalists covering the humanitarian situation in border areas may be targeted for abduction by kidnappers. Armed groups from Somalia have previously kidnapped Westerners in Kenya working in a humanitarian capacity along the border with Somalia including in recent years.
- On 29 June 2012, four foreign aid workers were kidnapped from the Dadaab refugee camp near the border with Somalia. A Kenyan national was reportedly killed in the attack. The aid workers were later freed in a rescue operation.
- On 13 October 2011, two Spanish aid workers were kidnapped from the Dadaab refugee camp.
- In July 2009, three aid workers in Kenya were kidnapped by Somali militants and taken into Somalia.
Threats to tourists and residents: Tourists and residents in coastal resorts and towns in eastern Kenya have also been kidnapped by armed groups based in Somalia in recent years. On 1 October 2011, a French national was attacked and kidnapped from her beachfront residence of Manda Island (adjacent to Lamu Island) by an armed group. She later died in captivity. On 11 September 2011, two British nationals were attacked at a resort in Kiwayu, north of Lamu: one was killed and the other was kidnapped and held in captivity for six months. Both attacks took place at beach front properties. Kenyan authorities launched a response in order to improve security in the area but in light of these attacks we strongly advise you not to travel to areas along the Kenyan coast north of Pate Island in Lamu District.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers. The Australian Government considers that paying a ransom increases the risk of further kidnappings, including of other Australians. If you do decide to travel to an area where there is a particular threat of kidnapping, you should ensure you have personal security measures in place, seek professional security advice and take out kidnapping insurance.
Border Regions: We strongly advise against all travel to Kenya’s border regions with Somalia, Ethiopia and South Sudan because of the extreme threat posed by kidnapping, terrorism and violent conflict. Along the border with Somalia, this area includes Mandera and Garissa Districts, Wajir and east of Wajir and the area north of Pate Island in Lamu District, including Kiwayu and Kiunga.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. You can find more information about this threat in our General advice to Australian travellers.
Civil unrest/political tension
Risk of civil unrest in Kenya: International events and political developments may prompt large demonstrations in Kenya. You should monitor the media and other local information sources for details about curfews, political events and possible safety and security risks. You should avoid all political rallies and protests as they may quickly turn violent. Demonstrations over high food prices, controversial media and tax legislation have resulted in violence and arrests in the past. In the event of violence or civil unrest you should avoid all protests, monitor the media for information that could affect your safety and security and follow the instructions of local authorities.
There have been regular outbreaks of violence across Kenya in recent years, though these usually take place away from areas frequented by tourists. In 2012, serious incidents with multiple fatalities occurred in Tana River district in the Coast Province and Samburu district in the Rift Valley Province, where more than 40 Kenyan police were killed.
On 3 October 2013 a prominent Muslim cleric was shot by unknown gunmen in Mombasa. There are reports that this has led to demonstrations, some of them violent, and police action in Mombasa on 4 October.
Other recent incidents include:
- On 30 March 2013, clashes in Kisumu following the Kenyan elections Supreme Court verdict killed two people and injured many more.
- On 27 August 2012, a prominent Islamic cleric was killed by an unknown gunman in Mombasa. Ensuing riots resulted in burning of vehicles, looting and attacks on churches in Mombasa.
- On 13 June 2010, a grenade attack on a political rally in Nairobi killed six people and injured over 100.
Isiolo, Moyale and the A2 Highway: We advise you not to travel to Isiolo and Moyale in Eastern district nor to travel along the A2 Highway connecting these two towns, due to sporadic clashes that have caused a number of deaths and injuries. Recent clashes have caused approximately 50 deaths, a large number of injuries and significant displacement of local populations. The A2 Highway between Isiolo and Moyale has also been closed by spontaneous protests. Residents have fired shots and thrown rocks at passing vehicles. Tourists have been injured in these attacks. If, despite our advice not to travel, you decide to visit these areas, you should exercise extreme caution.
The level of crime in Kenya is high. Due to the prevalence of street crime you should avoid walking after dark and remain vigilant at all times.
In Nairobi, violent crime against Westerners, including armed carjacking, kidnapping for ransom and home invasions, occurs frequently and can be brazen and brutal. There have been a number of recent fatalities from such crimes, including among the foreign community. Anecdotal evidence suggests that foreigners are increasingly being targeted in homes, tourist areas and while travelling by road. A number of recent incidents have occurred at night where criminals lay in wait outside residential security gates. You should be particularly vigilant when waiting in a vehicle while gates are being opened.
The risk of armed banditry, violent robbery, carjacking and kidnapping has increased in recent years. Crimes of this nature are common in Kenya's urban centres, coastal beach resorts, northern Kenya (including the North East Province), the northern parts of Eastern, Coastal and Rift Valley Provinces and north of Malindi. If you travel to remote areas or border regions, you could be the target of attacks or kidnappings. The incidence of crime generally rises during the holiday periods.
Muggings and armed robberies are common, though victims are generally not harmed if they don't resist. Jewellery and bag-snatching from open vehicle windows frequently occur while motorists are either stopped at traffic lights or in heavy traffic. You should also avoid displaying expensive items that can readily be stolen, including jewellery and watches, when travelling or in public. When driving, you should ensure that windows are up, doors are locked and valuables are out of sight.
Due to the very high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, victims of violent crime, especially rape, are strongly encouraged to seek immediate medical assistance.
Scams, whereby criminals try to extort money from travellers using fake police, hotel and government identification, are common. You should always ask to see identification in order to establish bona fides.
In Nairobi, confrontations between police and criminal suspects occur regularly. Bystanders have been wounded or killed as result of indiscriminate gunfire in crowded areas. We advise you to remain vigilant at all times.
Nairobi suburbs of Eastleigh, Kasarani, Kibera and Mathare: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to the Nairobi suburbs of Kibera, Mathare, Kasarani and Eastleigh due to violent incidents and high crime levels.
National parks and game reserves: There have been several attacks on Australian and other Western tourists on safaris in national parks and game reserves, including the Masai Mara. Police and the Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) have increased security in the affected areas. You should take care with personal security when visiting parks and game reserves.
Visitors to the Ngong Forest Reserve and Ngong Hills should get an armed escort from the KWS because of the risk of robbery. The Kenya Association of Tour Operators (KATO) can provide advice on reputable travel firms and guides.
North, north-eastern and western Kenya: Banditry, cattle rustling and ethnic clashes have caused sporadic violence in north and north-eastern Kenya and in the Mount Elgon region of western Kenya. Australians could inadvertently be caught up in violence directed at others. We advise you to seek advice from the police and travel in convoys or with police escorts if visiting these regions.
Borders with Ethiopia, South Sudan and Somalia: We strongly advise you not to travel to the border regions with Ethiopia, South Sudan and Somalia because of the extremely dangerous security situation. Localised incidents of violence, such as armed banditry, violent cattle rustling and counter raids, are common along the Kenya-Ethiopia border and Kenya-South Sudan border.
Borders with Uganda and Tanzania: There have been reports of banditry and robbery at unauthorised border crossing points on the borders with Uganda and Tanzania and along the road from Nairobi to the Tanzania border crossing.
Money and valuables
Before you go, organise a variety of ways to access your money overseas, such as credit cards, travellers' cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards. Consult with your bank to find out which is the most appropriate currency to carry and whether your ATM card will work overseas.
ATMs that accept international cards are widely available in Nairobi and major towns. Australian currency is not accepted in Kenya. Travellers’ cheques are accepted at large banks and foreign exchanges, though are not widely accepted in hotels.
Make two photocopies of valuable documents such as your passport, tickets, visas and travellers' cheques. Keep one copy with you in a separate place to the original and leave another copy with someone at home.
While travelling, don't carry too much cash and remember that expensive watches, jewellery and cameras may be tempting targets for thieves.
As a sensible precaution against luggage tampering, including theft, lock your luggage. Information on luggage safety is available from the Civil Aviation Safety Authority.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport. If your passport is lost or stolen overseas, report it online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
Australians are required to pay an additional fee to have their passport replaced. In some cases, the Government may also restrict the length of validity or type of replacement passports.
Driving in Kenya is dangerous due to poor road conditions, poorly maintained vehicles and insufficient street lighting. Australians travelling by road should verify local security conditions beforehand. Travel at night on major highways in and out of Nairobi and on rural roads is not recommended and should be avoided. Travel at night to and from Nairobi’s international airports (JKIA and Wilson) should only be undertaken with a reputable tour or taxi company.
We recommend that in Kenya you only use radio taxis and only from official taxi stands or via callout.
Bus terminals and other gathering areas for public and private transport have been the target of terrorist and criminal attacks on a number of occasions in recent years. They remain vulnerable to attack and you should exercise particular caution in such locations. Public transport (primarily buses and minivans – known locally as ‘matutus’) is dangerous as driving standards are poor and roads and vehicles are inadequately maintained.
For further advice, see our road travel page.
Passenger trains are considered to be unsafe, especially during the rainy season. Train services are also unreliable. Theft is common on trains and there have been cases where passengers’ belongings have been taken from their compartments.
The safety standards you might expect of transport and tour operators, including adventure activities such as scuba diving, are not always met. Sufficient safety equipment may not be provided and recommended maintenance standards and safety precautions may not be observed. You should only use reputable tour operators and check that safety measures are in place.
Piracy occurs in the coastal areas of Kenya. To the immediate north of Kenya's waters, attacks by pirates against all forms of shipping around Somalia's waters and the Gulf of Aden are increasing in frequency. Somali pirates using motherships have attacked shipping further than 1,000 nautical miles (1,850 kilometres) from the coast of Somalia. The International Maritime Bureau issues piracy reports on its website. See also our piracy bulletin for more information.
Please refer to our air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
When you are in Kenya, be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you. If you are arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you but we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the Consular Services Charter.
Some homosexual activity is illegal in Kenya and penalties may include imprisonment. Homosexual activity is frowned upon by some members of the community, and may lead to harassment by the public and/or police. See our LGBTI travellers page.
Penalties for drug offences can be severe and include lengthy jail terms.
Travellers are not allowed to work in Kenya, even in a volunteer capacity, without a valid work permit. Offenders may be fined, deported or jailed.
Destroying Kenyan currency of any denomination is against the law.
Smoking in public places is banned. Offenders caught smoking outside designated smoking areas face a substantial fine and/or jail for up to six months.
It is illegal to take photographs of some official buildings. If in doubt, seek advice from an official before taking any photos.
Distributing religious material in public without a licence is illegal.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australian overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 25 years imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.
There are conservative standards of dress and behaviour in Kenya, particularly in coastal and rural areas. You should take care not to offend.
During Ramadan, eating, drinking and smoking between sunrise and sunset is forbidden for Muslims.
Information for dual nationals
The new constitution on Kenya recognises dual nationality but this portion of the law has not yet been fully enacted. This may limit the ability of the Australian Government to provide consular assistance to Australian/Kenyan dual nationals who are arrested or detained. We recommend you travel on your Australian passport at all times.
Our Dual nationals page provides further information for dual nationals.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
The standard of medical facilities throughout Kenya varies. Medical facilities are adequate in urban areas, but may be extremely limited elsewhere. Public and private facilities will require either an up-front deposit for services, a guarantee of payment or confirmation of medical insurance before commencing treatment. In remote areas, air evacuation to a major city is sometimes the only option for medical emergencies. Costs for such an evacuation can exceed $A10,000.
Kenya is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as endemic for yellow fever. Yellow fever is a potentially fatal viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, which is preventable by vaccination. We strongly recommend that you are vaccinated against yellow fever before travelling to Kenya. See the Entry and Exit section for important information about vaccination certificate requirements. For more information about yellow fever, see the Department of Health website.
Malaria is endemic throughout the year in Kenya, except in Nairobi and at altitudes above 2500m. Other insect-borne diseases (including dengue fever, Rift Valley fever, filariasis and African sleeping sickness (Trypanosomiasis)) also occur. We encourage you to consider taking prophylaxis against malaria, and to take measures to avoid insect bites, including using an insect repellent at all times, wearing long, loose-fitting, light-coloured clothing, and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof, including with treated mosquito nets.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases (including cholera, hepatitis, meningococcal, measles and tuberculosis) are also prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Do not swim in fresh water to avoid exposure to certain water-borne diseases such as bilharzia (schistosomiasis). Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
Outbreaks of polio have occurred in Kenya within the last 12 months. All travellers to polio infected countries should ensure they have completed a primary course of polio vaccinations and also need a booster dose prior to travel. If you are unsure of your polio vaccination status, check with your doctor or travel clinic, at least 6-8 weeks before you depart.
The rate of HIV/AIDS infection in Kenya is very high. You should exercise appropriate precautions if engaging in activities that expose you to risk of infection. You can find out more information from the Department of Health.
A decompression chamber is located at the Kenyan Naval Base in Mombasa.
Where to get help
In Kenya, you can obtain consular assistance from the:
Australian High Commission
Riverside Drive (400 metres off Chiromo Road),
Telephone: (254 20) 427 7100
Facsimile: (254 20) 427 7139
If you are travelling to Kenya, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the High Commission you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
In Australia, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Canberra may be contacted on (02) 6261 3305.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
There are two rainy seasons, from October to November and from March to June, when flash flooding and mudslides are common. Roads may be impassable during these times.
Northern and eastern Kenya are currently experiencing a severe drought. There may be disruption to essential services and delays should be expected when travelling in these areas.
Kenya is subject to earthquakes. It lies on a fault line and tremors occur infrequently. Volcanic and seismic activity can also occur near Mt Elgon, on the Kenya-Uganda border.
All oceanic regions of the world can experience tsunamis, but in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, there is a more frequent occurrence of large, destructive tsunamis because of the many large earthquakes along major tectonic plate boundaries and ocean trenches. See the Tsunami Awareness brochure.
Information on natural disasters can be obtained from the Humanitarian Early Warning Service. If a natural disaster occurs, pay attention to warnings issued and follow the advice of local authorities.
For general information and tips on travelling with children see our Travelling with children page.