- We advise you to exercise normal safety precautions in Armenia. Exercise common sense and look out for suspicious behaviour as you would in Australia, and monitor the media and other sources for information on local travelling conditions.
- In late June and early July, a protest movement gained momentum throughout Armenia, particularly in Armenia's two largest cities, Yerevan and Gumri. Although generally peaceful, on occasions water cannons were used to forcefully disperse protestors. The situation leading to the protests remains unresolved, with the potential to escalate. Australians should avoid protests and large gatherings in Yerevan, Gumri and other cities and closely monitor the media for the latest information.
- We strongly advise you not to travel in the area of the closed Armenia-Azerbaijan border and ceasefire line because of sporadic clashes.
- We strongly advise you not to travel to the Armenian-occupied enclave of Azerbaijan known as Nagorno-Karabakh and the military occupied area surrounding it because of the risk of armed conflict along the border and ceasefire line with Azerbaijan.
- Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Armenia. The Australian Embassy in Russia provides consular assistance to Australians in Armenia.
- See Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
- organise comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy
- register your travel and contact details, so we can contact you in an emergency
- subscribe to this travel advice to receive free email updates each time it's reissued.
- follow us on Facebook and Twitter.
Entry and exit
Australian citizens require a visa to enter Armenia. Australians travelling to Armenia for tourism or business can obtain a visa at the airport upon arrival. Alternatively, you can apply for a visa through the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Armenia prior to travel.
If travelling to Armenia by train from Georgia, you must have a valid visa before boarding the train.
As visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice, you should contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Armenia for the most up to date information.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia.
There are strict regulations covering the export and import of firearms, pornographic materials and communication equipment. Approval from the Armenian Ministry of Culture is required for the export of antiquities and other items that could have historical value, such as paintings, old books, and carpets. In addition, we recommend you keep receipts of any such purchases in case they are requested when you leave Armenia.
Safety and security
Civil unrest/political tension
In late June and early July, a protest movement gained momentum throughout Armenia, particularly in Armenia's two largest cities, Yerevan and Gumri. Although generally peaceful, on occasions water cannons were used to forcefully disperse protestors. The situation leading to the protests remains unresolved, with the potential to escalate. Australians should avoid protests and large gatherings in Yerevan, Gumri and other cities and closely monitor the media for the latest information.
Armenia-Azerbaijan border areas: We strongly advise you not to travel in the area of the closed Armenia-Azerbaijan border and ceasefire line because of sporadic clashes. Although a 1994 ceasefire still holds, the Armenia-Azerbaijan border is closed and occasional clashes and gunfire continue along the 5 kilometre buffer zone between the border and the ceasefire line. Vehicles travelling along the road from Kayan or Ijevan to Noyemberyan are particularly vulnerable. The conflict zone also contains landmines.
Nagorno-Karabakh: We strongly advise you not to travel to the Armenian-occupied enclave of Azerbaijan known as Nagorno-Karabakh and the military occupied area surrounding it because of the unstable security situation. Possession of the Azerbaijani territory of Nagorno-Karabakh is disputed by Armenia. Anti-personnel landmines are located in areas near the front lines. In November 2014, Azeri forces shot down an Armenian military helicopter near the line of contact around Nagorno-Karabakh.
The Australian Government is extremely limited in its capacity to provide consular assistance in Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas and in the Armenia-Azerbaijan border areas.
In the past, terrorist attacks have occurred in a number of European cities, including Paris, Copenhagen, Glasgow, London, Madrid, Moscow, Oslo and Volgograd. Targets have included public transport and transport hubs, and public places frequented by foreigners. In addition, a number of planned attacks have been disrupted by European security services in recent years.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. See our Terrorist Threat Overseas bulletin for more information.
Pickpocketing, petty crime and theft from vehicles are common. Robberies have been reported on train services from Armenia to Georgia.
There have been reports of harassment, mistreatment and extortion by police or other local officials.
Money and valuables
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
Armenia's land borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey are closed. There are direct flights operating between Yerevan and Istanbul. Travel in the South Caucasus can be difficult and requires careful planning.
Driving in Armenia may be dangerous due to local driving practices, poorly maintained roads and vehicles, and inadequate road signs. For further advice, see our road travel page.
Public transport is overcrowded and poorly maintained. Minibuses are particularly dangerous and are frequently involved in accidents. Train services are unreliable. Some roads outside large cities are poorly maintained.
Armenian emergency, police and medical services may take some time to reach remote regions.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See instead the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Armenia.
Please also refer to our general air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
You are subject to the local laws of Armenia, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you’re arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
Some medications available in Australian may be considered as illegal drugs under Armenian law, such as sleeping tablets or medication containing codeine. If you are caught with illegal medication in Armenia you may face detention, fines and possibly harsher penalties, even if an Australian doctor has prescribed it to you. If you intend to bring medication into Armenia you should first contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Armenia to confirm it is legal under Armenian law.
If you are travelling with an amount greater than USD $10,000 in cash or travellers cheques, proof is required that it was imported and declared or legally obtained in Armenia. Customs declarations are only valid when stamped by a customs official.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the Consular Services Charter.
You should carry a photocopy of your passport as identification at all times. The police have the right to stop you to check your documents.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and include lengthy imprisonment in local jails. See our Drugs page.
It is prohibited to photograph military installations, government buildings, monuments and uniformed officials. Local authorities may apply other restrictions or fees to photography in public places.
Same-sex relationships are legal in Armenia, but are not widely accepted by society. There have been incidents of ‘hate speech’ from public figures directed at the LGBTI community towards whom discrimination is also widespread. See our LGBTI travellers page.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 25 years’ imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.
Information for dual nationals
While Armenian law permits dual nationality, Armenian authorities require dual nationals to enter and exit using their Armenian passports. This may limit the ability of the Australian Government to provide consular assistance to Australian-Armenian dual nationals.
Male Australian-Armenian dual nationals between the ages of 18 to 27, may be subject to military conscription. Armenian citizenship laws may apply to a child born to parents who hold Armenian citizenship at the time of birth, regardless of the place of birth. If in doubt, check with the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Armenia well in advance of travel.
Our Dual nationals page provides further information.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
The standard of medical facilities and care is generally limited, especially outside of the capital Yerevan. In the event of a serious illness or accident, medical evacuation (at considerable cost) to a destination with the appropriate medical facilities would be necessary.
Malaria is a risk in the western border areas of Armenia. Other insect-borne diseases are also a risk to travellers. We encourage you to take measures to avoid insect bites, including using insect repellent at all times, wearing long, loose-fitting, light coloured clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases (including HIV/AIDS, typhoid, hepatitis, and tuberculosis) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
Where to get help
Depending on the nature of your enquiry, your best option may be to contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, tour operator, employer or travel insurer. Your travel insurer should have a 24 hour emergency number.
In an emergency, dial the following 24 hour emergency numbers from a mobile or landline: Dial 101 for fire and rescue, 102 for police, and 103 for medical emergencies. You should obtain a police report when reporting a crime.
To complain about tourism services, contact the service provider directly.
The Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and can’t do to assist Australians overseas. Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in Armenia. You can contact the Australian Government at the Australian Embassy in Russia for consular assistance. See contact details below:
Australian Embassy Moscow
Podkolokolny Pereulok 10a/2,
Telephone: +7 495 956-6070
Facsimile: +7 495 956-6170
See the Embassy website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
If you are travelling to Armenia, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency, if you are unable to contact the above Embassy you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305, or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Armenia is in an active earthquake zone. Landslides may occur.
Information on natural disasters can be obtained from the Humanitarian Early Warning Service. If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.