- We strongly advise you not to travel to Afghanistan because of the extremely dangerous security situation and the very high threat of terrorist attack.
- If you are in Afghanistan, you should consider leaving. Australians who decide to remain in Afghanistan should ensure that they have appropriate personal security protection measures in place, including for residential accommodation. You should monitor local information sources for details about the safety and security environment.
- There has been a surge in attacks on Western and Afghan Government interests across Afghanistan since November 2014, particularly in Kabul, where convoys and compounds have been attacked resulting in many deaths and injuries. We continue to receive reports of planning for further attacks and expect attacks to be ongoing for the next several weeks.
- Due to the dangerous security situation, you should only travel in secure transport. You should consider dedicated armed protection, though even these precautions cannot guarantee personal safety. Australian officials use heightened security measures when travelling.
- On 20 December the US Government warned of reports of possible suicide attacks before Christmas against international personnel of the American University residing in Aladuddin Village, Kabul City.
- On 10 December 2014, the US Government warned that militants planned to kidnap an unidentified US citizen at an unspecified aid agency in Police District 3, in Kabul. There were no further details on the kidnapping plot, the identity of the victim, or the intended time frame for the kidnapping. This highlights the ongoing threat of kidnapping against Westerners, including Australians, in Kabul.
- Serious terrorist incidents, including suicide bombings and other bomb attacks, occur regularly in Afghanistan, including in Kabul. Militants continue to plan and carry out attacks in major cities throughout Afghanistan. Specific methods of attack are evolving and increasing in sophistication. There have been a number of attacks on hotels and housing compounds used by Westerners, embassies, government buildings and NATO bases, facilities of international humanitarian groups. Insider attacks and incidents are increasing. Further such attacks are highly likely. For further details see the Safety and security: Terrorism section.
- Hotels in Kabul continue to be attractive targets for terrorists. We receive regular reports of terrorist threats to a range of hotels, including the Serena and Intercontinental Hotels. An insurgent attack on the Serena Hotel on 20 March 2014 resulted in a number of deaths, including of foreigners. Australians are strongly advised to continue to avoid these and other hotels and their surrounds.
- There are ongoing threats against Kabul International Airport and aircraft. There have been rocket attacks on the airport, some landing on the runway apron. Australians are strongly advised to consider the dangers of flying into and out of Kabul before undertaking travel.
- We continue to receive a stream of reporting indicating that terrorists are planning attacks against any venues frequented by foreigners. Targets include airports, restaurants, cafes, places of accommodation including hotels and guesthouses, shopping centres, local markets and supermarkets, media centres, international and political conferences, election-related facilities, military installations and Afghan government buildings. Recent reporting suggests the premises of diplomatic missions, international organisations and non-government organisations (NGOs) may be particular targets.
- Following the attack on La Taverna restaurant in the Wazir Akbar Khan district of Kabul in January 2014, additional security measures have been put in place for staff at the Australian Embassy.
- Kidnapping is a serious threat and we continue to see reports that militants are planning to kidnap Westerners throughout Afghanistan, including in Kabul and surrounding districts. An Afghan-Australian dual national was abducted and killed on 20 September 2014 in Ghazni province.
- Unexploded landmines and other ordnance remain a danger throughout Afghanistan.
- Poliovirus (Poliomyelitis) remains endemic in Afghanistan with travellers at risk of infection. On 5 May 2014, the World Health Organisation declared the recent international spread of wild poliovirus a “ public health emergency of international concern” and has issued temporary recommendations that may affect travel to Afghanistan.
- The provision of consular services to Australians in Afghanistan may be severely restricted due to the safety and security environment. Consular assistance should be arranged through the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre, which can be contacted on +61 2 6261 3305. See Where to get help for further information.
- Because of the dangerous security situation, we strongly recommend that you register your travel and contact details with us so we can contact you in an emergency.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
Entry and exit
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the Embassy of Afghanistan for the most up-to-date information.
If you are planning to travel to and from Afghanistan via Pakistan, ensure you have a multiple entry visa for Pakistan, otherwise you will need to get another entry visa from the Pakistan Embassy in Kabul which could delay your travel plans.
If you travel to Afghanistan by land from Pakistan, and intend to leave Afghanistan for a third country, ensure you obtain the necessary exit and entry stamps in your travel document at the Afghanistan/Pakistan border.
It is difficult to renew passports from Afghanistan. If you are in Afghanistan and require a new passport, be sure to contact the Australian Embassy in Kabul via the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 well in advance of your passport expiring or running out of pages.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia. You should carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Safety and security
We strongly advise you not to travel to Afghanistan because of the extremely dangerous security situation and the very high threat of terrorist attack. Attacks can occur anywhere, any time. If you are in Afghanistan, you should consider leaving.
There has been a surge in attacks on Western and Afghan Government interests across Afghanistan since November 2014, particularly in Kabul, where convoys and compounds have been attacked resulting in many deaths and injuries. We continue to receive reports of planning for further attacks and expect attacks to be ongoing for the next several weeks. Australians should exercise particular care when travelling by vehicle in Kabul.
On 20 December the US Government warned of reports of possible suicide attacks before Christmas against international personnel of the American University residing in Aladuddin Village, Kabul City.
On 10 December 2014, the US Government warned that militants planned to kidnap an unidentified U.S. citizen at an unspecified aid agency in Police District 3, in Kabul. There were no further details on the kidnapping plot, the identity of the victim, or the intended time frame for the kidnapping. This highlights the ongoing threat of kidnapping against Westerners, including Australians, in Kabul.
On 2 December 2014, the US Government issued a warning stating that 'as of early December 2014, there was reporting that suicide bombers were planning to conduct vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) attacks against unspecified targets in the Diplomatic Zone in Kabul City, Afghanistan and the Intercontinental Hotel located in the Karta-i Parwan area, Police District 4, Kabul City. The VBIEDs may be disguised as a fuel, water, garbage, or wood truck. There was no further information regarding the timing, target, location, or method of any planned attacks'.
On 1 December 2014, the US Government warned that militants were allegedly planning to conduct a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) attack against Western convoys or facilities in the Wazir Akbar Khan area, Police District 10, Kabul City, Afghanistan. The VBIED was described as a 2005 or 2006 model van, white in color with red stripes. The van was intended to look like a Red Cross ambulance.
Australians who decide to remain in Afghanistan should consult a reputable security company and ensure they have appropriate personal security protection measures in place, including for residential accommodation. You should also have contingency plans in case you need to depart at short notice. You should monitor local information sources for details about the safety and security environment as it can change quickly.
An international coalition has been conducting a military campaign to restore stability to Afghanistan since October 2001. The security situation throughout Afghanistan, particularly in the south and east of the country, remains extremely dangerous.
Serious terrorist incidents, including suicide bombings and other bomb attacks, occur regularly in Afghanistan. There have been a number of major attacks in Kabul, including in the most heavily fortified areas of the capital. Attacks have targeted hotels and residential compounds used by Westerners, embassies, government buildings and NATO bases and facilities of international humanitarian groups. There have also been recent attacks on supermarkets, including an establishment frequented by foreigners, restaurants, police stations, schools and medical facilities. Incomplete buildings, including in Kabul, have been used by militants as staging points for a number of attacks in the past.
There are ongoing threats against the Kabul International Airport and aircraft. Militants have undertaken rocket attacks on the airport in 2014. Rockets fired at the airport have landed on the runway apron. Aircraft at the airport may be struck by rocket or other forms of ordnance from militants.
Foreigners, and those working for international organisations, continue to be deliberately targeted. Some attacks have involved multiple, consecutive explosions. A large number of people, including civilian foreign nationals, have been killed. The following incidents underscore the ongoing very high threat of terrorist attack against Western interests in Afghanistan, including in locations with protective security measures in place:
Recent examples of attacks include:
- On 30 November 2014, three Westerners were killed in an attack on an aid compound in the Karte Seh area of Kabul.
- On 27 November 2014, an attack on a diplomatic convoy in Kabul killed one foreign national and a number of locals.
- On 19 November 2014, a major attack using a VBIED and follow up attackers took place at the Green Village, a compound housing foreign nationals in Kabul’s east. This compound has been attacked on several other occasions in the past.
- On 18 November a similar attack occurred on a security compound housing foreign contractors in Kabul.
- On 16 November, three people were killed and 32 injured in a suicide attack near the national legislature, which targeted a member of parliament.
- Several rockets were fired into the Wazir Akbar Khan area of Kabul in the period 24-29 October 2014.
- On 16 September 2014, a car bomb exploded in the New Kabul Camp (NKC)/Supreme Court area, near Great Massoud Road (Airport Road) injuring many.
- On 28 March 2014, insurgents attacked a compound housing foreign nationals in Police District 6 in Kabul.
- On 20 March 2014, an insurgent attack on the Serena Hotel in Kabul resulted in a number of deaths, including of foreigners.
- On 11 March 2014, a Swedish journalist was shot and killed by gunmen on a motorcycle on a street in the Wazir Akbar Khan area of Kabul.
- On 17 January 2014, a number of foreign nationals were killed in an attack on La Taverna du Liban restaurant in the Wazir Akbar Khan area of Kabul. Following this attack additional security measures were put in place for staff at the Australian Embassy.
Suicide bombers have frequently targeted Afghan and foreign military and security forces throughout the country. Checkpoints are a particular vulnerability. There has also been an increase in insider attacks (where individuals wearing Afghan National Security Forces uniforms attack International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) members) throughout Afghanistan. Many terrorist attacks have targeted international convoys. Australian soldiers were killed and injured in roadside bomb attacks in Uruzgan Province. An Australian official was injured in a suicide attack in March 2012.
No province can be considered immune from violence. There have been frequent deadly attacks across the country. On 23 November 2014 a suicide bomber killed 45 people attending a volleyball match in Paktika province.
Foreigners, including foreign aid and humanitarian workers, have been killed and injured. On 29 May 2013 the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) office in Jalalabad was attacked, killing four. This was the first direct attack on the Red Cross in Afghanistan.
The United Nations continues to operate in Afghanistan, but, on occasion, can withdraw or relocate international staff from some areas in response to security incidents.
An Afghan government-controlled security force, the Afghan Public Protection Force (APPF), was scheduled to take over the provision of most commercial security services in Afghanistan from private security companies by 20 March 2013. To date this has not occurred. Afghan Government approved private security companies continue to operate throughout Afghanistan. For businesses and other organisations, we recommend you contact the Afghan Government for the latest requirements.
Terrorist targets: We receive a continuous stream of reporting indicating that terrorists are planning attacks against any venues frequented by foreigners. Targets include airports, restaurants, cafes, places of accommodation (including hotels, residential compounds and guesthouses), shopping centres, local markets and supermarkets, media centres, international and political conferences, election-related facilities, military installations and Afghan Government buildings. Such attacks often cause significant casualties amongst civilian bystanders in addition to those being specifically targeted. Recent reporting suggests diplomatic premises and convoys may be particular targets. Reports include threats against identifiably Western institutions, organisations and individuals, and information about a potentially heightened threat of attack on days of national significance, such as Victory Day (28 April).
Hotels in Kabul continue to be attractive targets for terrorists and continuous reporting indicates ongoing threats to a range of hotels including the Serena and Intercontinental Hotels, both of which have been attacked in the past. Australians are strongly advised to avoid these and other hotels and their surroundings.
The Afghan Government has named a number of potential terrorist targets. These include but are not limited to: embassies and aid agencies run by foreign governments; the Serena, Intercontinental and Safi Landmark hotels; the Defence Ministry, the Interior Ministry and the National Directorate of Security; girls’ hostels at Kabul University and Medical University.
Credible reports suggest terrorists may be targeting journalists, including Australians, in Afghanistan. Australian journalists and NGO workers should review personal security arrangements.
In planning your activities, consider the kind of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided. In addition to those listed above, possible terrorist targets include commercial and public areas such as clubs, shops, places of worship, landmarks, Kabul International Airport, regional airports, transport infrastructure, and the premises of embassies and NGOs. Military premises, multinational forces, multilateral institutions, such as the United Nations, and Afghan Government buildings and political figures are also targets for attack.
Attacks on roads: We continue to receive a stream of credible reporting indicating that terrorists are planning attacks on vehicles travelling along roads in and around Kabul.
You should avoid travelling on Jalalabad and Airport (Great Massoud) Roads due to the very high threat of terrorist attack. You are strongly advised not to travel at night. Suicide bombers in vehicles have attacked convoys near Kabul International Airport.
Overland travel is dangerous. Taliban and al-Qa'ida members are active in many parts of the country thereby creating a significant security risk. Fake checkpoints have been used to launch attacks. See also the Local Travel section.
Kidnapping: Kidnapping is a serious and ongoing threat. We continue to see reports that militants are planning to kidnap Westerners throughout Afghanistan, including in Kabul and surrounding districts. Journalists and those working for NGOs and foreign companies could be kidnapping targets. Foreign aid workers and journalists have been kidnapped and killed in the past. Kidnappings of foreign nationals for political and criminal reasons are common in Afghanistan, including in Kabul.
On 20 September 2014 an Afghan-Australian dual national was abducted and killed in Ghazni province. On 22 May 2012, two foreigners were kidnapped in Badakhshan province.
On 21 August 2013, two foreign humanitarian workers were kidnapped in Bamyan province Afghanistan.
Be aware that terrorists may have different national backgrounds, including from Western countries.
For more information about kidnapping, see our Kidnapping threat travel bulletin.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers. The Australian Government considers that paying a ransom increases the risk of further kidnappings, including of other Australians. If you do decide to travel to an area where there is a particular threat of kidnapping, you should seek professional security advice and have effective personal security measures in place.
Advice to Embassy staff: Security arrangements for Australian Embassy staff in Kabul are at a high level at all times.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. See our Terrorist Threat Overseas bulletin for more information on terrorism and our General advice to Australian travellers for tips on staying safe overseas.
Civil unrest/political tension
International events and political developments in the region may trigger demonstrations in Afghanistan. Events outside of Afghanistan have, in the past, provoked violent demonstrations or attacks. Violent demonstrations have occurred in areas frequented by foreigners, including the diplomatic quarter and ISAF bases. There is the potential for attacks on perceived Western interests in all parts of Afghanistan.
On 21 February 2012, ISAF publicly apologised for the improper disposal of a number of Islamic religious materials at Bagram air base on 20 February. Protests occurred in major centres, including Kabul and Bagram.
Demonstrations, political violence and insurgent attacks may occur in response to political developments. People, places and events associated with the political process could be attractive terrorist targets. Anti-government groups have undertaken terrorist acts against members of the Afghanistan Government. Government officials have been assassinated.
Australians should avoid demonstrations, political rallies, public gatherings and minor disputes as they could escalate and become violent, resulting in deaths and injuries. If you are in an area affected by demonstrations, you should find a safe location, remain indoors, monitor local information sources and heed the advice of authorities or your security provider.
There is a high level of serious crime in Afghanistan, including in the capital, Kabul.
Armed robbery, rape and carjacking occur and the level of weapon ownership is high.
Lawlessness exists in rural areas. Banditry and kidnapping by armed groups is common.
You should stay indoors after dark, and always have functioning communications equipment.
Money and valuables
There are a small number of ATMs in Kabul. You should consult with your bank about whether your ATM card will work in Afghanistan. Credit cards and travellers' cheques are not widely accepted. The most common currency in use is US dollars.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport. If your passport is lost or stolen overseas, report it online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
Review the general advice to Australian travellers for further information on being safe and prepared abroad.
Travel outside Kabul should only be to properly secured workplaces. If travelling by road, you should only travel in secure transport, using reputable local drivers and guides. Australian officials use heightened security measures when travelling. You should consider dedicated armed protection, though even these precautions cannot guarantee personal safety.
Kabul International Airport may close at short notice. You should check with your airline before going to the airport. Security and Government officials at the airport have also been known to try to receive illicit payments, such as by withholding passports.
Banditry and kidnapping in rural areas by armed groups is common.
Unexploded ordnance, including landmines, are a danger throughout Afghanistan.
Due to safety concerns, Australian officials do not travel on domestic and international services provided by Ariana Airlines. Australian officials also avoid any travel with Kam Air. All Afghan airlines were banned from flying in EU airspace in 2010 due to safety concerns. Whether helicopter or plane, you should conduct research on the aviation provider in Afghanistan before choosing to sign up to their services.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See instead the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Afghanistan.
Please also refer to our generalair travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
If you are in Afghanistan, be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you. If you are arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you but we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research local laws before travelling.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the Consular Services Charter. The provision of consular services to Australians in Afghanistan may be severely restricted due to the safety and security environment.
The death sentence is imposed for murder and other serious offences.
Close contact between unmarried men and women (particularly non-Muslims and Muslims) and de facto relationships are illegal. The penalties for breaching these laws are severe.
Homosexuality is illegal. See our LGBTI travellers page.
Non-Islamic preaching, infidelity and abandoning religion (Islam) are considered serious crimes. Penalties are severe.
You can be detained and your equipment could be seized for photographing any checkpoints, security or military installations (regardless of which nation operates it), government buildings and palaces. Signs prohibiting photography should be strictly obeyed. You should ask permission before photographing local people.
Regulations governing the import and use of prohibited items, including alcohol and pork products, are strictly enforced.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australian overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australians may commit serious criminal offences by fighting in a foreign state, punishable by up to 25 years in prison.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 25 years imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.
The Islamic holy month of Ramadan is expected to begin in mid-June 2015. During Ramadan, Australians travelling to countries with significant Muslim communities should take care to respect religious and cultural sensitivities, rules and customs. In particular, people who are not fasting are advised to avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public and in the presence of people who are fasting. For more information see our Ramadan travel bulletin.
There are strong Islamic codes of dress and behaviour in Afghanistan and you should take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
Foreign men and women should dress modestly in public and ensure their legs are covered. Women should also cover their arms, while men may wear short-sleeved shirts. Local women and girls usually cover their hair in public. Female visitors should use their judgement when deciding whether to do likewise.
Public displays of affection may cause offence.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
Medical facilities are limited throughout Afghanistan, including Kabul. The standard of training for medical staff is low, while sanitation and hygiene are poor. Several private medical clinics in Kabul may be used for routine health issues. Clinics will request up-front payment for all medical treatment. In the event of a serious accident or illness, a medical evacuation would be necessary. The cost of medical evacuation, if it can be arranged, would be considerable.
Malaria is prevalent in Afghanistan, particularly between April and September, except in areas above 2000 metres. Chloroquine-resistant strains are prevalent in some areas. Other insect-borne diseases (such as leishmaniasis) are common. We encourage you to consider taking prophylaxis against malaria and to take measures to avoid insect bites, including using an insect repellent, wearing long, loose-fitting, light coloured clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
Water-borne, food-borne, parasitic and other infectious diseases (including cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, measles, tuberculosis, leptospirosis, pertussis and rabies) are prevalent, with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, and avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
On 5 May 2014 the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the recent international spread of wild poliovirus a “public health emergency of international concern” and has issued temporary recommendations that may affect travel to Afghanistan. Polio virus (Poliomyelitis) remains endemic in Afghanistan with travellers at risk of infection.
Should you choose to ignore our advice not to travel to Afghanistan at the current time, we recommend that you are up to date with routinely recommended vaccinations against polio, including a booster dose, as per the Australian Immunisation Handbook, prior to departure.
Australian travellers staying for periods greater than 4 weeks are encouraged to carry documented evidence of having received a dose of polio vaccine within 12 months prior to departure from Afghanistan. If you do not have documented evidence of polio vaccination within this 12 month period, you may be encouraged to be vaccinated prior to departure from Afghanistan.
Please see your doctor to discuss your vaccination requirements. Further information is available from the Australian Department of Health Polio website.
Where to get help
Depending on the nature of your enquiry, your best option may be to contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, employer or travel insurance provider in the first instance.
The Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and cannot do to assist Australians overseas. The Australian Embassy operates from the Wazir Akbar Khan area of Kabul.
Australians seeking consular assistance should call the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305. The Consular Emergency Centre can be contacted on 1300 555 135 from within Australia. The provision of consular services to Australians in Afghanistan may be severely restricted due to the security environment.
The Australian High Commission in Pakistan should be contacted regarding all Australian visa matters. The address is:
Australian High Commission
Constitution Avenue and Ispahani Road
Diplomatic Enclave No. 1
Telephone: (92 51) 282 4345
Facsimile: (92 51) 282 0112
The working week of most international organisations in Kabul, including Embassies, is Sunday to Thursday. See the High Commission website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
If you are travelling to Afghanistan, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we strongly recommend you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Afghanistan is in an active earthquake zone. Flooding and landslides can occur with little warning between March and June. Some mountainous areas are subject to deadly winter avalanches. Approximately 600 people were killed and around 45,000 displaced due to flooding and landslides in northern Afghanistan from early to mid-2014. Information on natural disasters can be obtained from the Humanitarian Early Warning Service. If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.
For additional general and economic information to assist travelling in this country, see the following links: