- We advise you to exercise normal safety precautions in the United Kingdom.
- Always pay close attention to your personal security, and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security threats.
- The United Kingdom remains a potential target for terrorist activity, with terrorist attacks occurring in 2005 and 2007.
- On 11 July 2011, UK authorities reduced the threat level for the United Kingdom from ”Severe” to “Substantial”, meaning that a terrorist attack is a strong possibility and might occur without warning.
- UK authorities assess that the Northern Ireland-related terrorist threat in Northern Ireland is “Severe”, meaning that the risk of a terrorist attack is assessed as “highly likely”. The Northern Ireland-related terrorist threat to the UK Mainland (Great Britain) is “Moderate”, meaning that the risk of a terrorist attack is assessed as “possible but not likely”.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
Entry and exit
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) change regularly. You should contact the UK High Commission in Canberra for the most up to date information. Visa information is also available from UK Visa and Immigration . Australia's High Commission and Honorary Consulates in the United Kingdom cannot provide assistance with visas or if you are refused the right to enter the United Kingdom.
As a general guide, visas are not required for Australians entering the United Kingdom for a tourism or business stay of less than six months but are required if you intend to work. This includes any type of ‘voluntary’ work.
The British Government administers a very strict entry regime and you are likely to be refused entry upon arrival if you fail to comply with visa requirements. If you are suspected of intending to work in the UK, but enter as a tourist, you could be refused entry. The British Government considers both paid and unpaid working arrangements to be work and a relevant visa is required if you intend to undertake any form of work in the United Kingdom. Australian travellers refused entry into the United Kingdom may be required to return to Australia. There is also a risk that other countries may also refuse admission on the basis of the British Government's decision, which in all cases is recorded in the traveller's passport.
The UK Visa and Immigration advises that if you are refused entry into the United Kingdom then you will be informed in writing of the reasons why you have been refused entry; if you have a right of appeal; and when you will be removed from the United Kingdom. The UK Visa and Immigration advises that if you have the right to appeal, you will be given details of who you should contact.
The most up-to-date information on UK immigration changes can be found on the UK Visa and Immigration website.
All applicants for a UK visa, including Australians, must now have a finger scan and a digital photograph taken as part of the visa application process. Please note that the majority of Australian citizens who visit the UK each year for a holiday or business trip do not require a UK visa, and are therefore not affected by this change. Applicants for a UK visa need to complete an application online. You will then have to make an online appointment to visit a British Consulate so they can take a scan of your fingers and a digital photograph.
People travelling directly to or from a country outside the European Union (EU) who are carrying 10,000 Euros or more (or the equivalent amount in another currency) are required to declare the cash at the place of their arrival or departure from the EU. Under the legislation, the term "cash" includes cheques, travellers' cheques and money orders. Travellers failing to declare the cash or providing incomplete or incorrect information will incur a fine. There is no requirement to declare cash for people travelling to or from another EU country. Information on carrying money directly to or from another country outside the EU can be found on the HM Revenue and Customs website.
Make sure your passport has at least six months’ validity from your planned date of return to Australia. You should carry two copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Safety and security
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. You can find more information about this threat in our General advice to Australian travellers.
We advise you to exercise normal safety precautions. Pay close attention to your personal security and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security threats.
The United Kingdom remains a potential target for terrorist activity, with terrorist attacks occurring in 2005 and 2007. On 11 July 2011 UK authorities lowered the threat level for the United Kingdom from ”Severe” to “Substantial”, meaning that a terrorist attack is a strong possibility and might occur without further warning.
Civil unrest/political tension
You should avoid all protests and demonstrations as they may turn violent. Instances of civil disorder can rapidly escalate into violence and you should avoid them wherever possible, including through careful monitoring of the media and following the advice of local authorities.
Northern Ireland: Since the 1998 peace agreement, the political situation in Northern Ireland has improved. However, incidents of terrorist activity related to Northern Ireland continue to occur. In recent years, Northern Ireland-related terrorist groups have used firearms and explosives to target police and military targets, and occasionally commercial interests such as banks and local businesses. Civilians have been injured in these attacks.
UK authorities assess that the Northern Ireland-related terrorist threat in Northern Ireland remains “Severe”, meaning that the risk of a terrorist attack is assessed as “highly likely”. The Northern Ireland-related terrorist threat to the UK Mainland (Great Britain) is “Moderate”, meaning that the risk of a terrorist attack is assessed as “possible but not likely”.
We advise you to avoid the annual parades which occur in Northern Ireland during the months of April to August, especially the weeks leading up to 12 July when tensions may be heightened. These parades may turn violent with little warning.
We advise you to monitor the local media carefully, follow the advice of local authorities and avoid any demonstrations. Australians could inadvertently be caught up in violence directed at others.
Petty crime such as pickpocketing and street theft occurs at many tourist destinations, hotels, pubs, restaurants, food outlets, on public transport, including the London Underground, and at airports. Pickpocketing occurs more frequently during the summer months in the UK but care should be taken at all times. Thieves will often operate in teams, and will use various techniques to distract you while they attempt to steal from you.
Police report that there has been an increase in mobile phone theft in the UK. We recommend that you take care when carrying and using your mobile phone in public.
Do not leave any valuables unattended in motor vehicles.
You should ensure that your personal belongings are kept secure when staying in hostels.
Credit card and ATM fraud, often involving sophisticated equipment, is increasing in the United Kingdom, as is the incidence of identity theft. Take care to shield your PIN when using ATMs and when using internet cafes, particularly for internet banking. Always exercise particular caution when using ATMs. If you are suspicious of any items that are stuck to ATMs or look unusual, do not use the machine. Thieves may attempt to distract you while you use an ATM. If approached while using an ATM, cancel the transaction before speaking to anyone.
There have been instances of drink spiking reported; therefore do not leave drinks unattended in bars and nightclubs.
Money and valuables
Before you go, organise a variety of ways to access your money overseas, such as credit cards, travellers' cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards. Australian currency and travellers' cheques are not accepted in many countries. Consult with your bank to find out which is the most appropriate currency to carry and whether your ATM card will work overseas.
You should make two photocopies of your documents such as your passport, tickets, visas and travellers' cheques. Keep one copy with you in a separate place to the original and leave another copy with someone at home.
While travelling, you should not carry too much cash and remember that expensive watches, jewellery and cameras may be tempting targets for thieves.
As a sensible precaution against luggage tampering, including theft, lock your luggage. Information on luggage safety is available from Australia's Civil Aviation Safety Authority.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport. If your passport is lost or stolen overseas, report it online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
You are required to pay an additional fee to have a lost or stolen passport replaced. In some cases, the Government may also restrict the length of validity or type of replacement passports.
You should only use licensed taxis and minicabs in the United Kingdom, as sexual assaults and robberies have occurred in unlicensed minicabs. Unlicensed taxis and minicabs are illegal and often target high traffic destinations such as airports, train stations, theatres and nightclubs. Only black cabs are licensed to be hailed to pick up passengers on the street, any minincab driver who picks up customers without a booking is acting illegally. You should only use a prebooked mincab or if hailing a taxi, a black cab.
Assaults have also occurred on public transport services late at night.
Seasonal weather conditions can be extreme, including flooding in warmer weather and snowstorms in the colder months. This can affect travel arrangements, including the cancellation of airline, bus and train services. The local emergency services in affected areas will provide up-to-date information and advice to travellers.
See also our bulletin on road travel page.
Please refer to our air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
When you are in the United Kingdom be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you. If you are arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you but we cannot get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the Consular Services Charter.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 25 years imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
The standard of health facilities in the United Kingdom is comparable with that in Australia.
A reciprocal healthcare agreement exists between Australia and the UK. This allows for free NHS hospital and GP treatment in cases such as an accident or illness, where a need for medical care arises during your visit. It also covers treatment for pre-existing conditions that get significantly worse while you are in the UK, or that a doctor believes will significantly worsen if you are not treated promptly.
To visit a GP while visiting the UK, you will need to ask to be registered as an NHS patient at a practice near to where you are staying. Once registered, your GP treatment will be free of charge; however, costs associated with prescriptions may still apply. You should note that medical practices in the UK have wide discretion in accepting people as NHS patients.
If you require urgent medical care or hospital treatment, you should attend your nearest hospital. The hospital will assess your eligibility for treatment as an NHS patient and determine if any charges apply in line with the healthcare agreement.
To access medical care you will need to provide proof of your Australian residency and we recommend that you carry evidence, such as your Medicare card, with you.
Routine and pre-planned treatments are not included under the reciprocal agreement.
If you need to be medically repatriated the NHS will not cover this cost. We recommend that you are covered by full travel insurance before arriving in the UK.
To locate your nearest GP surgery or hospital while in the UK, you should call the NHS on 111 or visit the NHS website.
Further details are available on the Medicare Australia website.
This agreement does not cover other countries in the European Union.
Where to get help
In the United Kingdom, you can obtain consular assistance from the:
Australian High Commission, London
London WC 2B 4LA, UNITED KINGDOM
Telephone (44 20) 7379 4334
Facsimile (44 20) 7887 5559
Limited assistance may be obtained from the Australian Consulate, Edinburgh, which is headed by an Honorary Consul. The Honorary Consul can be contacted through the Australian High Commission in London.
If you are travelling to the United Kingdom, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the High Commission you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
In Australia, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Canberra may be contacted on (02) 6261 3305.
For general information and tips on travelling with children see our Travelling with children page.